It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for today, Tuesday, January 24, 2017.

Events for today in history Birthdays  Deaths
0772 Stephen III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
0817 St Paschal I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Stephen IV
1076 Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII
1118 Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II
1328 King Edward III of England marries Philippa of Henegouwen
1458 Matthias I Corvinus chosen king of Hungary
1534 François I signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy
1556 Heavy earthquake strikes Shaaxi China, kills 830,000
1568 Abdij Church in Middelburg destroyed by fire
1568 In Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw
1613 Amsterdams merchant Hans Bontemantel baptized
1616 Jacques Le Maire discovers Street Lemaire/Cape Receiver
1634 Emperor Ferdinand II declares Albrecht von Wallenstein a traitor
1639 Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders
1644 Battle at Nantwich Cheshire: Parliamentary armies win
1652 Duke of Orléans joins Fronde rebels
1656 1st Jewish doctor in US, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland
1659 Pierre Corneille's "Oedipe," premieres in Paris
1679 King Charles II disbands English parliament
1722 Czar Peter the Great begins civil system
1722 Edward Wigglesworth appointed 1st US divinity professor (Harvard)
1742 German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor
1764 Gov Winthrop Telescope, is destroyed in a Harvard fire
1839 Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society
1847 1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans defeated by US Col Price
1848 James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, Calif
1861 Arsenal at Augusta, Ga seized by Confederacy
1861 Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens
1862 Romania principality arises under King Alexander Cuza
1874 Gen J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after 1000's die
1874 Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov," premieres in St Petersburg
1875 Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre," premieres
1892 battle at Mengo, Uganda: French missionaries attack Brit missionaries
1899 Belgium govt of Vandenpeereboom forms
1899 Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O'Sullivan
1900 Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
1900 Newcastle Badminton Club, world's oldest, forms in England
1901 1st games played in baseball's American League
1901 Emily Hobhouse view lord Kitcheners concentration camp at Bloemfontein
1902 Denmark sells Virgin Islands to USA
1908 Gen Baden-Powell starts Boy-Scouts
1913 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished
1914 Opera "Madeleine," premieres in NYC
1915 German-British sea battle at Doggersbank & Helgoland
1922 -54°F (-48°C), Danbury, Wisconsin (state record)
1922 Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo)
1922 Lehman Caves National Monument established
1923 Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established
1924 Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union
1924 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad
1925 Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Is
1925 Sandler follows Branting as premier of Sweden
1930 J E Mills scores 117 on Test Cricket debut, NZ v England, Wellington
1930 Stewie Dempster scores New Zealand's 1st Test century
1933 Noël Coward's "Design for Living," premieres in NYC
1935 1st canned beer, "Krueger Cream Ale," is sold by Kruger Brewing Co
1936 Benny Goodman & orch record "Stompin' at the Savoy" on Victor Records
1939 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile
1939 Eddie Collins, Willie Keeler & George Sisler elected to Hall of Fame
1939 Spanish govt moves to Figueras
1941 British troops march into Abyssinia
1942 Musical "Star & Garter," premieres in NYC
1943 Hitler orders nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death
1943 Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
1944 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy
1945 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
1947 NFL adds 5th official (back judge) & allows sudden death in playoffs
1948 "Music in My Heart" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 124 perfs
1948 Australia all out 674 v India (Bradman 201, Hassett 198*)
1948 Dutch Liberal Party forms-People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
1950 Jackie Robinson signs highest contract ($35,000) in Dodger history
1951 Dutch govt Drees-van Schaik resigns
1952 1st NFL team in Texas, Dallas Texans formerly NY Yanks
1952 Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base
1954 BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Don Carter
1954 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Women's Golf Open
1956 96.5 cm precipitation at Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
1958 After warming to 100,000,000°, 2 light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in 1st man-made nuclear fusion
1959 "Party with Comden & Green" closes at John Golden NYC after 38 perfs
1959 Dmitri Shostakovitch's comedy "Cheryomushk," premieres in Moscow
1959 WHCT TV channel 18 in Hartford, CT (IND) begins broadcasting
1960 Algeria uprises against French president De Gaulle
1961 Edward Albee's "American Dream," premieres in NYC
1961 Lazard Brothers Ltd draw a check for $334,867,807.68
1962 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany
1962 Brian Epstein signs management contract with the Beatles
1962 Jackie Robinson is 1st Black elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1962 Mickey Wright/Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Naples Pro-Am Golf Tournament
1963 Buddy Rogers & Lou Thesz wrestle in Toronto, Rogers becomes WWF wrestling champ & Thesz becomes NWA champ
1964 CBS purchases 1964 & 1965 NFL TV rights for $28.2 million
1964 Martin Kresses final comic strip of Eric the Viking
1964 24th Amendment to US Constitution goes into effect & states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes
1966 WDIO TV channel 10 in Duluth, MN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1969 Queen Juliana appointed honorary citizen of Addis Ababa
1969 Spanish Gen Franco announces state of emergency
1970 3rd ABA All-Star Game: West 128 beats East 98 at Indiana
1970 Valeri Muratov skates world record 500m (38.99 sec)
1971 NFL Pro Bowl: NFC beats AFC 27-6
1972 WRIP (now WDSI) TV channel 61 in Chattanooga, TN (IND) 1st broadcast
1973 Warren Spahn is elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1975 "Hot l Baltimore" situation comedy premieres on ABC TV
1975 Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England
1976 Cleve Cavaliers biggest margin victory-43 pts (beat Milwaukee 132-89)
1976 George Foreman KOs Ron Lyle in 5th round of a real slugfest
1977 5 lawyers murdered by fascist in Madrid
1978 31st NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 3-2 (OT) at Buffalo
1978 Carter Executive Order on Intelligence (# 12036)
1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1981 Islanders scored 5 power play goals against Nordiques
1981 Kim Hughes scores 213 v India at Adelaide
1982 Superbowl MVP: Joe Montana, San Francisco, QB
1982 Superbowl XVI: SF 49ers beat Cin Bengals, 26-21 in Pontiac Mich
1983 Hulk Hogan pins Iron Sheik for World Wrestling Federation title
1984 Apple Computer Inc unveila its Macintosh personal computer
1985 15th Space Shuttle (51-C) Mission-Discovery 3 is launched
1986 43th Golden Globes: Whoopi Goldberg, Color Purple win
1986 NY Islander Mike Bossy scores his 1,000th point
1986 South Yemen Premier Haydar Bakr al-Attas becomes interim-president
1986 Voyager 2 makes 1st fly-by of Uranus (81,593 km), finds new moons
1987 61st Australian Womens Tennis: H Mandlikova beat M Navratilova (75 76)
1988 1st WWF Royal Rumble - Jim Duggan wins
1988 76th Australian Mens Tennis: M Wilander beats P Cash (63 67 36 61 86)
1988 9th ACE Cable Awards
1988 Australia beat New Zealand 2-0 to win the World Series Cup
1988 Cerebral Palsy telethon
1989 1st reported case of AIDS transmitted by heterosexual oral sex
1990 Japanese MUSES-A (Hiten) launched towards moon
1991 "Les Miserables," opens at Theatre St Denis, Montreal
1993 14th annual star-athon $24,000,000
1993 Polish ferry boat John Heweliusz sinks, 52 killed
1993 Soyuz TM-16 launches
1993 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Davis
1994 Dow Jones closes above 3,900 for 1st time (3,914.48)

Birthdays for today in history Events  Deaths
0076Publius A Hadrianus, 14th Roman Emperor (117-138)
1664John Vanbrugh, London, dramatist/architect (baptized)
1679Christian von Wolff, German philosopher
1705Farinelli, [Carlo Broschi], Andria Italy, castrato
1712Frederick II, (the Great), king of Prussia (1740-86)
1712Georg F Schmidt, German engraver/etcher
1732Pierre de Baumarchais, France, playwright (Barber of Seville)
1746Gustav III, king during Swedish Enlightenment (1771-92)
1750Wybo Fijnje, Dutch politician/patriot/journalist
1758Johann Chrysostomus Drexel, composer
1767Antony CW Staring, Dutch lawyer/poet (Jaromir)
1774Karl Moser, composer
1776Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann, German writer/judge/composer (Undine)
1778Charles F, duke of Berry/son of French king Charles X
1798Karl von Holtei, Silezian actor/playwright (Die Vagabunden)
1798Karl von Staudt, German math professor (projective geometrician)
1800Edwin Chadwick, British social reformer
1814Abraham Czn van Stolk, Dutch art collector
1814Abraham Czn van Stolk, resources/art collector
1820John Milton Thayer, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
1828Adam Jacoby Slemmer, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
1828Ferdinand J Cohn, German botanist/publicist
1828Karol Studzinski, composer
1829William Mason, composer
1832John Pegram, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
1833Bernhard Erdmannsdörffer, German, historian (Deutsche Geschichte)
1859Alexander Alexandrovich Il'yinsky, composer
1862Edith Wharton[-Jones], US, novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth)
1874Arthur Shomburg, famous African
1880Elisabeth Achelis, creator (World Calendar)
1883Estelle Winwood, [Goodwin], England, actress (Miracle on 34th Street)
1888Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)
1888Hedwig "Vicki" Baum, Austrian/US author (Men Never Know)
1888Henry King, US, director (Jesse James, 12 O'Clock High)
1891Max Ernst, German/French surrealist painter/sculptor
1891Walter Model, German fieldmarshal
1895Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Der Halbe Mensch)
1895Eugen Roth, writer
1895Hans Fischböck, Austria, Finance minister (Nazi-occupied Holland)
1902Oskar Morgenstern, German/US economist
1902Walter Keirnan, New Havens Ct, TV panelist (I've Got a Secret)
1903Robert Gwathmey, artist (Arts & Letters)
1906Norman Cook, museum curator
1907Alfonse Vranckx, Belgian lawyer/politician
1907Maurice Couve de Murville, France premier (1968-69)
1909Ann Todd, Hartford England, actress (Paradine Case, 7th Veil)
1909Tiny Winters, musician
1911C[atherine] L[ucille] Moore, US, sci-fi author (Judgment Night)
1912Ken Weekes, cricketer (WI batsman v England 1939, 137 at The Oval)
1913Mark Goodson, TV game-show proudcer (Goodson-Toddman)
1913Norman Dello Joio, [Dello Ioio], NYC, composer
1915Ernest Borgnine, Hamden Ct, actor (Ice Station Zebra, McHale, Marty)
1915Robert B Motherwell, US, painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic)
1915Vitezslava Kapralova, composer
1916John Corner, scientist
1916Vic Stollmeyer, cricketer (bro of Jeff Scored 96 in only Test innings)
1918Gottfried von Einem, Bern Switzerland, Austrian composer (Dantons Tod)
1918John McLiam, Alberta, actor (Parker-Men From Shiloh)
1918Oral Roberts, Televangelist; needs $8,000,000 (Oral Roberts College)
1919Leon Kirchner, Brooklyn NY, opera composer (Lily)
1919Nora Beloff, journalist/author
1920Don Saddler, Van Nuys Calif, dancer (Holiday Hotel)
1920Jerry Maren, actor (munchkin-Wizard of Oz, Mayor McCheese)
1921Bernard J Dwyer, (Rep-D-NJ, 1981- )
1922Neil Franklin, soccer star
1923Simeon ten Holt, composer
19248th earl Spencer, English large landowner/father of Diane
1924David Craighead, composer
1924Klaus George Roy, composer
1924Marvin Kaplan, Brooklyn NY, actor (Top Cat, Henry-Alice)
1924Robert W Kastenmeier, (Rep-D-WI, 1959- )
1925Maria Tallchief, Fairfax Ok, ballerina
1925William Hudson, Calif, actor (I Led 3 Lives)
1927Paula Hawkins, (Sen-R-FL, 1981-86)
1928Desmond Morris, English zoologist (Human Ape, Body Language)
1930Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer/multi-millionaire
1931Ib Norholm, composer
1931Kees Z˜lstra, Dutch MP (PvdA)
1932Werner Steger, composer
1933Ron Townson, rock vocalist (5th Dimension-Aquarius) [or Jan 29]
1933Zeke Carey, US R&B-singer (Flamingos-I Only Have Eyes For You)
1936Daniel Goode, composer
1936Doug Kershaw, La, plays electric fiddle
1936Jack Scott, Canada, rocker (My True Love)
1938Julius Arthur Hemphill, saxophonist
1939Ray Stevens, Clarksdale Ga, singer (Ahab the Arab, Streak)
1940Flip Buurmeijer, Dutch MP (PvdA)
1941Aaron Neville, US singer/keyboardist (Neville Brothers)
1941Michael Chapman, Leeds England, rocker (Looking for 11)
1941Neil Diamond, Brooklyn NY, singer/actor (Jazz Singer)
1943Julie Bennett, Beverly Hills CA, actress (Hey There It's Yogi Bear)
1943Sharon Tate, Dallas Tx, actress (Valley of the Dolls)
1944David Gerrold, [Jerrold David Friedman], author (World of Star Trek)
1946Hubert M "Jubi" Kirindongo, Curaçaos sculptor/painter
1946John Harrison, South Africa correspondent (BBC)
1946Michael Ontkean, Vancouver BC, actor (Rookies, Slap Shot, Twin Peaks)
1947David Randall, priest
1947Giorgio Chinaglia, soccer star (Lazio of Italy, NY Cosmos)
1947Warren Zevon, Chicago, rocker (Excitable Boy)
1948Elliott Abrams, asst secretary of state/supplied arms to the Contras
1949Bart Gordon, (Rep-D-TN, 1985- )
1949John Belushi, Chicago Ill, comedian/actor (SNL, Blues Brothers)
1950Daniel Auteuil, Algeria, actor (Elegant Criminal, Manon of Spring)
1951Yakov Smirnoff, Russia, comedian (It's a wonderful country)
1952William F Readdy, Quonset Point RI, astronaut (STS 42, 51, 79)
1953Brian Matthews, Phila, actor (Burning)
1955James Montgomery, US 100m swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1976)
1955Julian Holland, rocker (Squeeze)
1958Frank Ullrich, East Germany, world biathlon champion
1960Nastassja Kinski, Berlin Germany, actress (Tess, Cat People)
1961Krasimir Mikhailov Stoyanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut
1962Sultan Zarawani, cricketer (United Arab Emirates capt 1996 World Cup)
1964Rob Dibble, Bridgeport Ct, pitcher (Cin Reds)
1964Ronnie McCann, Evander South Africa, Nike golfer (1993 Hawkeye-37th)
1965Ross MacDonald, Vancouver BC, star yachter (Olympics-96)
1966Kim Saiki, Inglewood CA, golfer (1994 Standard Register PING-13th)
1966Mike Forgeron, Main-A-Dieu Nova Scotia, rower (Olympics-96)
1967Chris Warren, NFL running back (Seattle Seahawks)
1967Shannon Butler, South Lake Tahoe Calif, 10k runner
1968Mark Burmester, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test all-rounder in 3 Tests 1992)
1968Mary Lou Retton, Fairmont WV, gymnist (Oly-gold/2 silver/2 bronze-84)
1968Ross Powell, US baseball pitcher (Cincinnati Reds, Houston Astros)
1968Scott Mercier, Harbor City Calif, cyclist (Olympics-96)
1969Louise McPaul, Australian javelin thrower (Olympics-silver-92, 96)
1969Stephanie Romanov, actress (Teri Spencer-Models Inc)/model (Elite)
1970Chris Bartolone, hockey defenseman (Team Italy 1998)
1970Matthew Lillard, actor (Scream)
1971Cory Bailey, US baseball pitcher (Boston Red Sox)
1971Joe Panos, NFL guard/center (Phila Eagles)
1971John Reece, WLAF/NFL cornerback (Amsterdam Admirals, Dallas Cowboys)
1971Saalman Raelyn, Fostoria Ohio, actress (Attack of 60' Centerfold)
1971Tonya Crowe, Long Beach Calif, actress (Olivia-Knots Landing)
1972Jay Walker, quarterback (Minnesota Vikings)
1972Joe Garten, WLAF center (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1972Raphael Graetz, WLAF linebacker (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1972Salima Davidson, Pittsburgh Penn, volleyball setter (Olympics-96)
1972Shannon Garrett, CFL defensive back (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1973Chris Ferraro, Port Jefferson, NHL right wing (Oly-94, NY Rangers)
1973Erik Gervais, Valleyfield Quebec, kayaker (Olympics-96)
1973Peter Ferraro, Port Jefferson, NHL right wing (Oly-94, NY Rangers)
1973Richard Aimonetto, hockey forward (Team France 1998)
1974Kristy Sargeant, Edmonton Alberta, ice pairs (1994 Skate Canada)
1974Layla Linn, Miss New Mexico USA (1996)
1974Tim Biakabutuka, running back (Carolina Panthers)
1975Danielle Connors, Miss Virginia USA (1996)
1976Laure Belleville, Miss Universe-France (1996)
1976Shae-Lyn Bourne, Chatham Ontario, ice dancer (1995 World Champs-4th)
1976Shae-Lynn Bourne, Ontario, pairs skater (Bourne & Kraatz)
1977Lenka Cenkova, Trinec Czech, tennis star (1995 Futures-Vaihingen-GER)
1979Tatyana M Ali, NYC, actress (Sesame St, Fresh Prince of Bel Air)
1993Ashley Jade Stern, daughter of radio personality Howard Stern

Deaths for today in history Events  Birthdays
0041Caligula, [G C Germanicus], Roman emperor (37-41), assassinated at 28
0661Ali ibn Abu Talib, kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered
0772Stefanus III/IV, pope (768-72), dies
0817Stefanus IV, [V/Colonna?], pope (816-17), dies
1336Alfonso IV, the Benignant, king of Aragon (1327-36), dies at 36
1473Conrad Paumann, German blind organist/composer, dies
1547Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, executed for treason
1639George Jenatsch, Grisons leader, assassinated
1666Johann Andreas Herbst, composer, dies at 77
1678Joan Maetsuyker, gov-gen of Neth East-Indies, dies at 72
1805Giacomo Conti, composer, dies at 50
1812Eligio Celestino, composer, dies at 72
1851Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini, Italian composer, dies at 76
1862James McIntosh, US confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at about 33
1864Otto Jonas Lindblad, composer, dies at 54
1864Stephen Gardner Champlin, brig-general (Union), dies at about 36
1883Friedrich von Flotow, German baron/composer, dies at 70
1884Johann Christian Gebauer, composer, dies at 75
1885Martin R Delany, politician & black nationalist, dies at 72
1901Simon Hassler, composer, dies at 68
1904Franz Coenen, composer, dies at 77
1911Carl Eilhardt, composer, dies at 67
1913Gustav Luders, composer, dies at 47
1924Thephilo Braga, Portuguese poet/politician, dies at 80
1929Willem Royaards, theater directeor (Adam in Ballingschap), dies
1940Emile van Bosch, revue/operetta-artist, dies at 52
1943John Burns, English minister of Local Government (1905-14), dies
1947Felix Timmermans, writer/painter (Gift from St Nicholas), dies at 60
1950Bull Montana, actor (Son of Sheik), dies at 62
1953[Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt, gen-field marshal (Normandy), dies at 77
1957Daniel Taylor, cricketer (bro of Herbie, 2 Tests for S Af 1914), dies
1960John Miljan, actor (Charlie Chan in Paris, Yankee Clipper), dies at 66
1960Rutland Boughton, composer, dies at 82
1961Willem J M van Eysinga, people rights scholar, dies at 82
1962Tom Shirley, actor/TV announcer (They're Off), dies at 62
1964Joseph Schildkraut, actor (Joseph Schildkraut Presents), dies at 68
1965Winston Churchill, PM of Britain (C) (1940-45, 51-55), dies at 90
1967Howard Charles Shaiffer, entertainer, dies at 49
1969Pauline Hall, composer, dies at 78
1969Tom Zachary, baseball pitcher (Wash Senators), dies at 72
1970James "Shep" Shepherd, rocker (Shep & Limelites), beaten to death
1972Jerome Cowan, actor (Mr Dithers-Blondie), dies at 74
1973J Carrol Naish, actor (Charlie Chan-Adv of Charlie Chan), dies at 73
1973Alan Lisette, cricketer (took 3 wickets in 2 Tests for NZ 1956), dies
1975Larry Fine, actor (3 Stooges), dies at 72
1979Jerry Damon, comedian (That Was The Week That Was), dies at 51
1979Mabel Taliaferro, actress (My Love Come Back), dies at 91
1983George Cukor, director, dies of stroke & heart attack at 83
1986Gordon MacRae, singer (Oklahoma, Carousel), dies at 64
1986L[aFayette] Ron[ald] Hubbard, author (Death Quest), dies at 74
1988Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C), dies at 91
1989Ted Bundy, serial killer of up to 100 women, executed in Florida at 42
1990Madge Bellamy, actress (White Zombie), dies at 87
1991George Gobel, comedian, dies of a heart attack at 71
1991Lawrence Lott, actor (Real Men, Phila Experiment), dies of AIDS at 40
1992Charles Moulin, French actor (French Tarzan), dies
1992John Bleifer, actor (Highway to Heaven), dies at 90
1992Tina Chow, model, dies of AIDs at 41
1993Thurgood Marshall, 1st black supreme court justice (1967-91), dies 84
1993Ugur Mumcu, Turkish journalist (Cumhuriyet Murder), dies
1994Michalis Vranopoulos, head of Greek state bank, murdered at 48
1995Ian Prestt, English ornithologist, dies at 65
1995Victor Reinganum, artist, dies at 87
1995Wim H Sinnige, Amsterdam PvdA alderman of Finance, dies at 60
1996Sandor Iharos, athlete, dies at 65
1996Ursula Heathcote Nicholls, campaigner, dies at 75
1997Callum Alexander MacDonald, historian, dies at 49
1998Jay Monahan, husband of Katie Couric, dies of cancer at 42

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman