It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for today, Saturday, February 25, 2017.

Events for today in history Birthdays  Deaths
1095 Council of Rockingham: bishop Anselmus vs King William II Rufus
1358 Dalmatië flees Venice
1497 Italians troops reconquer Taranto on France
1502 Austrian emperor Maximilian I reformats govt machine
1540 Francisco V squez de Coronado searches for 7 cities of Cibola México
1570 Pius V excommunicates Elizabeth, absolves her subjects from allegiance
1605 Portuguese garrison on Ambon surrenders to Admiral Van der Haghen
1623 Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria becomes monarch of Palts
1634 Irish captain Walter Devereaux kills duke Wallenstein
1643 Dutch US colonists kill Algonquin-indians
1667 Abraham Crijnssens fleet reach Fort Willoughby on Suriname River
1746 Cumberlands troops occupy Aberdeen
1751 1st performing monkey exhibited in America, NYC (admission 1›)
1791 1st Bank of US chartered
1793 1st cabinet meeting (At George Washington's home)
1799 1st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
1799 Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
1803 1,800 sovereign German states unite into 60 states
1804 Jefferson nominated for president at Democratic-Republican caucus
1828 John Quincy Adam's son John marries in White House
1830 Victor Hugo's "Hernani" premieres in Paris
1836 Samuel Colt patents 1st revolving barrel multishot firearm
1837 1st US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport
1838 London pedestrian walks 20 miles backward then forward in 8 hours
1839 Seminoles & black allies shipped from Tampa Bay Florida, to West
1847 State University of Iowa is approved
1859 1st use of "insanity plea" to prove innocence
1862 Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing
1862 Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by Pres Abraham Lincoln
1863 Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
1870 Hiram Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
1875 Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
1879 Congress passed 1st Timberland Protection Act
1885 US Congress condemns barbed wire around govt grounds
1892 James Barrie's "Walker London," premieres in London
1896 Italian govt decides to attack governor Baratieri of Eritrea
1901 George Cohan's musical "Governor's Son," premieres in NYC
1901 US Steel Corp organized under J P Morgan
1904 J M Synge's "Riders to the Sea" opens at Irish Natl Theater Society
1904 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Toronto Marlboroughs in 2 games
1905 Neth Workers van Vakverenigingen, (NVV) political party forms
1907 George Bernard Shaw's "Philanderer," premieres in London
1907 US proclaims protectorate over Dominican Republic
1908 1st tunnel under Hudson River (railway tunnel) opens
1910 Dali Lama flees Tibet from Chinese troop to British-Indies
1911 Opera "Natoma," premieres in Phila
1913 16th Amendment ratified, authorizing income tax
1916 German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun
1919 League of Nations set up by Paris Treaty
1919 Oregon is 1st state to tax gasoline (1› per gallon)
1921 Georgian SSR proclaimed
1923 Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 mark
1924 Marie Boyd scores 156 points in Maryland HS basketball game (163-3)
1925 Glacier Bay National Monument established in Alaska
1925 US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran
1925 US male Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
1926 Francisco Franco becomes General of Spain
1926 Kwo-Min-Tang (Guomindang) declares war on govt/warlords
1927 Gdanks & Polish accord concerning traffic through Polish corridor
1930 Check photographing device patented
1930 George Headley completes twin tons in Test Cricket v Engld (114 & 112)
1932 Immigrant Adolf Hitler gets German citizenship
1933 1st genuine aircraft carrier christened, USS Ranger
1933 Major NFL rule changes (hash mark 10 yds in, posts on goal line)
1933 Thomas Yawkey purchases Boston Red Sox
1938 British Lord Halifax becomes Foreign Minister
1939 1st Anderson bomb shelter in Britain erected in an Islington garden
1940 1st televised (W2XBS, NYC) hockey game (Rangers vs Canadians)
1941 Boston Bruins set NHL record of 23-game unbeaten streak (15-0-8)
1941 February strike against persecution of Jews, in Amsterdam
1943 Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front
1944 US 1st Army completes invasion plan
1945 US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
1948 Communists seize Czechoslovakia/C Gottwald becomes premier
1949 WAC Corporal rocket achieves height of 400k (record)
1950 "Your Show of Shows" with Sid Caesar & Imogene Coca premieres on NBC Writers include Mel Brooks, Neil Simon & Woody Allen
1951 "Michael Todd's Peep Show" closes at Winter Garden NYC after 278 perf
1951 1st Pan American Games opens (Buenos Aires Argentina)
1951 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins Orlando Florida 2 Ball Golf Tournament
1952 6th Winter Olympic games close at Oslo, Norway
1953 "Wonderful Town" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 559 perfs
1954 Abdul Nasser appointed Egyptian premier
1956 Khrushchev denounces Stalin at 20th Soviet Party Conference
1957 Buddy Holly & Crickets record "That'll Be the Day"
1957 Supreme Court decides 6-3, baseball is only antitrust exempt pro sport
1960 John Cage's "Music for Amplified Toy Pianos," premieres
1960 Lillian Hellman's "Toys in the Attic," premieres in NYC
1961 Niagara ends St Bonaventura's 99-game home basketball win streak
1961 Paul Bikle in glider climbs from 1208 m at release to record 14,10
1962 India Congress Party wins elections
1962 Mike O'Hara completes record 97th marathon
1962 Robert Kennedy visits Netherlands
1963 Beatles release their 1st single in US "Please Please Me"
1964 Austrian chancellor Alfons Gorbach resigns
1964 Cassius Clay TKOs Sonny Liston in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1966 Syrian military coup under Hafiz al-Assad
1968 430 Unification Church couples wed in Korea
1968 Makarios re-elected president of Cyprus
1969 Beatles begin recording Abbey Road album
1969 Mariner 6 launched for fly-by of Mars
1969 Pension plan for baseball is agreed to
1971 "Oh! Calcutta!" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 1,316 performances
1971 P Zindel's "And Miss Reardon Drinks a Little," premieres in NYC
1972 Lopsided trade, Cards trade Steve Carlton to Phillies for Rick Wise
1972 Paul McCartney releases "Give Ireland back to the Irish" single
1973 "Little Night Music" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 601 performances
1973 Juan Corona sentenced to 25 life sentences for 25 murders
1973 Steven Sondheim's musical "Little Night Music," premieres in NYC
1974 Veronica & Colin Scargill (England) begin tandem bicycle ride a record 18,020 miles around the world, completed on August 27, 1975
1975 Ewen Chatfield flattened by Peter Lever & seriously injured
1977 New Orleans' Pete Maravich sets NBA record for a guard with 68 pts
1977 Oil tanker explosion west of Honolulu spills 31 million gallons
1977 Soyuz 24 returns to Earth
1978 Botham scores 1st Test Cricket century, 103 v NZ Christchurch
1979 Jane Blalock wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1979 Soyuz 32 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station is launched
1980 Coup ousts PM Henck Arron of Suriname
1981 23rd Grammy Awards: Sailing, Christopher Cross, Billy Joel wins
1981 Calgary Flames scored 11 goals against the Islanders
1981 Exec Board of Players' Assn votes unanimously to strike on May 29
1981 L Calvo Sotelo elected premier of Spain
1981 NHL most penalized game; Bruins vs Northstars, 84 penalties (392 mins)
1981 NY Islanders give up their most goals (11) vs Calgary Flames
1981 Rita Jenrette (wife of Abscam congressman) appears on Donahue
1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1981 Exec Board of Baseball Players' Assn votes unanimously to strike on May 29 if the issue of free-agent compensation remains unresolved
1982 Final episode of "The Lawrence Welk Show" airs
1982 Record speed for a snowmobile (239 kph)
1984 Oil fire in Cubatao Brazil kills 500
1986 28th Grammy Awards: We Are the World, Sade, Phil Collins wins
1986 Corazon Aquino becomes president of Philippines, Marcos flees
1986 Iran conquerors Iraq peninsula Fao
1986 Thousands of Egyptian military police riot, destroy 2 luxury hotel
1987 LaMarr Hoyt is banned from baseball for 1987, due to drug abuse
1987 Michael Jordan, scores Chicago Bull record 58 points in a game
1987 US Supreme Court upholds (5-4) affirmative action
1988 Bruce Springsteen "Tunnel of Love Tour," begins in Worcester Mass
1988 South Korea adopts constitution
1989 1st independent blue-collar labor union in Communist Hungary forms
1989 Dallas Cowboys fire coach Tom Landry after a 29-year career
1989 Dallas Cowboys' new owner fires 29-year coach Tom Landry
1989 Javed Miandad scores 271 v NZ at Eden Park
1989 Lowest baramotric pressure in Netherlands (956.7 mbar at De Bilt)
1989 Mike Tyson TKOs Frank Bruno in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1990 Australia beat Pakistan 2-0 to win the Cricket World Series Cup
1990 Nicaraguans votes out Sandinistas
1990 On a BBC taped interview, rock star Stevie Nicks breaks down, saying that she will never have children & no man can stand her for long
1991 Andrew Jones scores twin Test Cricket tons v Sri Lanka (122 & 100*)
1991 Bruce McNall, Wayne Gretzky & John Candy buy CFL's Toronto Argonauts
1991 US, barracks in Dhahran Saudi Arabia, hit by scud missile, kills 28
1992 34th Grammy Awards: Unforgetable, Marc Cohn wins
1993 "Fool Moon" opens at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC for 207 performances
1993 Florida Marlins introduce their mascot "Billy"
1993 Pakistan all out 43 v West Indies, world one-day int record low
1994 Israeli extremist Baruch Goldstein massacres 30 Palestinians in Hebron
1994 Peruvian Yak-40 crashes into mountain near Tingo Maria, kills 31
1994 Phil Rizzuto elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1995 Bomb attack on train in Assam India (27 soldiers killed)
1995 British heavyweight Nigel Benn hits Gerard McClellan in hospital
1995 Moslem fundamentalists shoot 20 shite mosque goers dead
1995 PBA National Championship Won by Scott Alexander
1996 "Father" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 52 performances
1996 Rajindra Dhanraj takes 16-167 in match Trinidad v Leeward Is
1998 40th Grammy Awards:
1998 Pamela Lee has husband Tommy Lee arrested on battery charges
1998 Switzerland's 1st legal brothel opens in Zurich

Birthdays for today in history Events  Deaths
1635Walraad, the Elder, Dutch fieldmarshall/earl of Nassau-Usingen
1643Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95)
1680Philipp Hyacinth Lobkowitz, composer
1707Carlo Goldoni, Italy, lawyer/playwright (Belisario, Love of 3 Oranges)
1725Armand-Louis Couperin, Paris France, organist/composer (Notre Dame)
1725Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (Geistliche Kantaten)
1727Armand-Louis Couperin, composer
1731Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
1732Robert Hudson, composer
1735Ernst William Wolf, composer
1778José Francisco de San Martín, liberated Argentina, Chile & Per£
1788Mateo Ferrer, composer
1794Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, Dutch earl of Nijenhuis/Peckedam
1807George Alfred Trenholm, Secy Treas (Confederacy), died in 1876
1808James Bowen, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
1809George Washington Cullom, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892
1811Carl Schuberth, composer
1814Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian national poet/painter (3/9 NS) [OS]
1815Robert Hall Chilton, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
1832Theodorus J I Arnold, bibliographer (Bibliotheca Belgian)
1833Clement Anselm Evans, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1911
1833Julie Verstraete-Lacquet, Flemish actress
1840Alexis Hollander, composer
1840Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)
1841Pierre Auguste Renoir, Limoges France, Impressionist painter/sculptor
1842Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
1847John Watson, Canada, philosopher (Objective Idealism)
1855George Bonnor, cricketer (big-hitting Aussie batter 1880-1888)
1856Charles Lang Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1876]
1860Menso Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/water colors painter
1860William James Ashley, English economic-historian
1866Benedetto Croce, Italy, humanist/historian/editor/philosopher
1868Anthony J Block, Dutch lawyer (strafproces)
1871Oliver Samuel Campbell, tennis champ (US Open-1890)
1873Enrico Caruso, Naples Italy, operatic tenor (Faust)
1876Charles Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1856]
1879Otakar Ostrcil, composer
1881William Foster, Mass, Communist Pres candidate (1924,28,32)
1882Bruno? Traven, German? writer (Sierra Madre)
1882Jozef Goossenaerts, Flemish philologist (Language boundary)
1882Ludvig Nordström, Sweden, writer (Story of Peter Svensk)
1887Leonard Carey, England, actor (Laughter)
1888John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State (1953-59)
1890Myra Hess, London England, concert pianist
1894Ernst Friedrich, Breslau Germany, pacifist (War Against War!)
1894Howard Wendell, Poland, actor (4 Skulls of Jonathan Drake)
1895DeBenneville "Bert" Bell, PA, NFL owner/commissioner/HOF (Eagles)
1895Henri Martelli, composer
1896John J McClellan, (Sen-D-Ark)
1897Lili Körber, writer
1898William Thomas Astbury, English physicist/chemist (textiles)
1899Leo J Weisgerber, German linguist
1900Jed Harris, producer/director (Billy Rose Show, Operation Mad Ball)
1901Federico Ghisi, composer
1901[Herbert] Zeppo Marx, NYC, comedian/actor (Marx Brothers)
1902Max Kommerell, German literary/author (Die Gefangenen)
1902Oscar Cullmann, Swiss theologist (Das Petrusproblem)
1904Adelle Davis, author (Lets Stay Healthy)/nutritionist (died of cancer)
1906Boris Papandopulo, composer
1906Domingo Ortega, Spanish bullfighter
1906Howard Zahniser, Father of Wilderness Act
1906Warren Hymer, NYC, actor (Girl From Havana, Meet the Mob)
1907Mary Coyle Chase, playwright (Harvey-Pulitzer Prize)
1907Shimen Rushkin, Poland, actor (Beau Brummel, Having a Wonderful Time)
1908Frank G Slaughter, author (Sangaree)
1909Edgar Pangborn, US, sci-fi author (Judgment of Eve, Davy)
1909John Evan "Jasper" Weston Mather, writer
1910Millicent Fenwick, NYC, (Rep-R-NJ 1975-82) (Doonesbury)
1912Richard Wattis, England, actor (Hobson's Choice, Prince & Showgirl)
1913Gert Froebe, Saxony Germany, actor (Goldfinger)
1913Jim Backus, Cleve, actor (Mr Magoo, Thurston Howell III-Gilligan Is)
1914John Arlott, cricketer (the doyen of cricket commentators & writers)
1916Ian Wallace, British CEO
1916Ralph Baldwin, harness driver (set 11 major world records)
1917Alex Gordon, architect
1917Anthony Burgess, essayist/novelist (Clockwork Orange)
1917Asta E R Elstak, Suriname/Dutch social worker
1918Henry Norwood Ewell, Harrisburg Pa, 4x100m runner (Olympic-gold-1948)
1918Robert Lorimer "Bobby" Riggs, US tennis star (US Open 1939, 41)
1919F de Jong Edz, Dutch historian
1919Monty Irvin, baseball hall of famer (NY Giants)
1920Antony Duff, diplomat
1920Hayes Gordon, Boston MA, actor (Sky Pirates, Dark Room)
1922Matti Rautio, composer
1923Roger Parker, Lord Justice of Appeal
1924Peg Ridge, peace campaigner
1925Bert Remsen, Glen Cove NY, actor (Mario-It's a Living)
1926Harvey McGregor, QC/warden (New College-Oxford)
1927Dick Jones, Snyder Tx, actor (Buffalo Bill Jr)
1927Jacques Monod, composer
1927Jane Nigh, Hollywood Calif, actress (Lorelei-Big Town)
1927Ralph Stanley, country singer
1928Keith Williamson, British RAF marshal
1928Larry Gelbart, writer/producer/actor (Oh God!, M*A*S*H)
1928Richard Stern, US writer
1929Christopher George, Royal Oak Minn, actor (Rat Patrol, Immortal)
1929Peter Bingham Hinchcliff, Brit church historian (1 Sided Reciprocity)
1929Peter Hinchcliff, historian
1929Tommy Newsom, Va, musician/bandleader/saxophonist (Tonight Show)
1930Erica Pedretti, writer
1931Edward Kellett-Bowman, British MEP
1931J R Stephenson, Lt-col/secretary (MCC)
1932Faron Young, country singer/actor (Hidden Guns, Daniel Boone)
1932Laurence New, Major-General
1932Martin William Karlins, composer
1934Lord Crickhowell
1934Michael Wheeler-Booth, Clerk of the Parliaments
1934Robert Neame, brewer
1936Jonnie Nicely, playmate (Aug, 1956)
1936Norman Orville Scribner, composer
1937Basia Johnson, maid (inherited Johnson & Johnson fortune)
1937Bob Schieffer, Austin Tx, newscaster (CBS Weekend News)
1937Tom Courtenay, England, actor (Dresser, Dr Zhivago, To Catch a Spy)
1938Diane Baker, Hollywood Calif, actress (Diary of Anne Frank, Marnie)
1938Farokh Engineer, Indian cricket wicket-keeper (1961-75)
1938Herb Elliott, Australia, 1500m runner (Olympic-gold-1960)
1939A C F Verity, master (Dulwich College)
1939Marisa Mell, Graz Austria, actress (Masquerade, Casanova '70)
1940Billy Packer, Wellsville NY, basketball sportscaster (CBS)
1940George Paul, CEO (Norwich Union Insurance Group)
1940Hector MacKenzie, trade unionist
1940Jes£s Lopez-Cobos, Toro Spain, conductor (Intl Conductor Competition)
1940Jud Taylor, actor (Dr Gerson-Dr Kildare)
1940Ron Santo, shortstop (Cubs, 1st baseball player to veto his trade)
1941David Puttnam, London, film producer/CEO (Columbia Pictures)
1941Ramon Pagayon Santos, composer
1941Stewart Sutherland, Principal/Vice-Chancellor (Edinburgh University)
1941Susan Browning, Baldwin NY, actress (Pat-Mary Hartman)
1943George Harrison, rocker (Beatle/Travelling Willberries-My Sweet Lord)
1943Maryann Amacher, composer
1943Sally Jessy Raphael, TV talk show host (Sally) [or May 25]
1944Karen Grassle, Berkeley Ca, actress (Caroline-Little House on Prairie)
1944Kristina Holland, Fayetteville NC, (Tina-Courtship of Eddie's Father)
1945Elkie Brooks, Manchester England, rocker (Pearl's a Singer)
1945Shivadhar Srinivasa Naipaul, Trinidad, novelist, essayist (Fireflies)
1946F Xaver Kroetz, writer
1947Eddie Thomson, Australian soccer coach (Olyroos, Olympics-96)
1947Lee Edward Evans, Madera Calif, 400m runner (Olympic-2 gold-1968)
1947Lewis Moonie, British MP
1948G B Warren, British biochemist
1949Lord Sempill
1950Anthony Lloyd, British MP
1950Emitt Rhodes, musician (Merry-go-Round)
1950Neil Jordan, director (Crying Game)
1950Rick Flair, [Richard Fliehr], wrestling champ (NWA/WWF/WCW/AWA)
1952James A Barcia, (Rep-D-Michigan)
1953Garrett Glaser, entertainment correspondent (Entertainment Tonight)
1954Steve Rixon, Australian cricket wicket-keeper (1977-85)
1955Leann Hunley, actress (Dane Carrington-Dynasty, Dawson's Creek)
1956Davie Cooper, soccer star
1957Jane Ackroyd, British sculptor
1957Stuart "Woody" Wood, Scot, guitarist (Bay City Rollers-Saturday Night)
1958Kurt Rambis, NBA forward (Lakers, Hornets)/Clark Kent look-a-like
1959Mike Peters, rocker (Alarm-In the Summertime)
1960Glen Bishop, cricketer (S Aussie bat, 2 ODI's for Australia 1987)
1962Birgit Fischer, German DR, 500m kayaker (Olympic-gold-1980)
1962Cammy Ciarelli, Iowa City, WPVA volleyballer (Best of Beach-2nd-1995)
1962Foster Emerson Sylvers, rocker
1963Alison Roberts, fashion designer
1963Paul O'Neill, Columbus OH, right fielder (Cin Reds, NY Yankees)
1963Tom McHale, NFL tackle (Miami Dolphins)
1964Don Majkowski, NFL quarterback (Detroit Lions)
1964Steve Nevius, film editor (Eden, Fall Time, Damascus)
1965Carrot Top, [Scott Thompson], Fla, comedian (Amer Comedy Award-1994)
1965Veronica Webb, supermodel/actress (Jungle Fever, Malcolm X)
1966Don Anurasiri, cricketer (Sri Lankan slow left-armer)
1966Samantha Phillips, Ft Meade MD, Penthouse Pet
1966Stacey Cortez, actress (Sheila Cantillan-General Hospital)
1966Tea Leoni, NYC, actress (Flying Blind, Naked Truth)
1967Jenny Byrne, Perth Australia, tennis star (1984 Futures-Wyong-AUS)
1967Nick Leeson, British banker (Baring bank)
1967Rich Rowland, US baseball catcher (Detroit Tigers)
1968David Hulse, US baseball outfielder (Texas Rangers)
1969Donald Hodge, NBA center (Charlotte Hornets)
1969Kerry Dienelt, Australian softball catcher/1st baseman (Oly-bronze-96)
1969Michelle Gibson, equestrian dressage (Olympics-bronze-96)
1970Alfred Jordan, CFL cornerback (Calgary Stampeders)
1970Brian O'Neal, NFL full back (SF 49ers)
1970Corey Mayfield, NFL defensive tackle (Jacksonville Jaguars)
1970Dave Brown, NFL quarterback (NY Giants)
1970Joe Bowden, NFL linebacker (Houston/Tennessee Oilers)
1970Troy Mallette, Sudbury, NHL left wing (Ottawa Senators)
1971Andrew Hermann, US 50K walker (Olympics-96)
1971Byron Dafoe, Sussex Eng, NHL goalie (LA Kings)
1971David Fox, US, 50m freestyle (Olympics-6th-96)
1971Helen Dobson, Skegness England, golfer (1993 State Farm Rail Classic)
1971Jennifer LaVoie, Nashua NH, playmate (Aug, 1993)
1971Nova Peris, Darwin Australia, field hockey left halfback (Olympics-96)
1971Sean Astin, LA Calif, actor (Goonies, Toy Soldiers)
1972Chris Harrison, guard (Detroit Lions)
1972Erwin van de Looi, soccer player (Vitesse)
1972Sean Harris, NFL linebacker (Chic Bears)
1973Daryl Gardener, defensive end (Miami Dolphins)
1973Kirrily Sharpe, Bankstown Aust, tennis star (1995 Futures-Saga-JPN)
1974Detron Smith, NFL running back (Denver Broncos-Superbowl 32)
1974Tamarick Vanover, NFL wide receiver (KC Chiefs)
1975Hercules Kyvelos, Montreal Quebec, boxer (Olympics-96)
1976Chris Pitman, rocker (Zaum, Tool)
1976Samaki Walker, NBA forward (Dallas Mavericks)
1992Libby [Elizabeth] Callahan, Columbia SC, sport pistol (Olympics-96)

Deaths for today in history Events  Birthdays
0779Walburgis, Anglo-Saxon abbess/saint (Walpurgis Night), dies
1247Hendrik IV, duke of Limburg/earl of Bergen (1226-47), dies
1495Djem Sultan, son of Turkish sultan Mehmed II, dies at 35
1601Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, executed for treason against Elizabeth
1602Everard van Reyd, Dutch historian, dies at about 51
1634Albrecht WE baron von Wallenstein, German duke, murdered at 50
1634Van Friedland/Mecklenburg, general-admiral, dies at 50
1643Marco da Gagliano, Italian opera composer, dies at 60
1682Alessandro Stradella, Italian violist/composer, murdered at 37
1713Frederik I, King of Prussia (1701-13), dies at 55
1719Giovanni Maria Casini, composer, dies at 66
1723Christopher Wren, England, astronomer/architect, dies at 90
1819Filinto Elísio, [do Nascimento], Portuguese poet, dies at 84
1826Piotr A von der Pahlen, military governor of St Petersburg, dies at 60
1851Ferdinand Simon Gassner, composer, dies at 53
1852Thomas Moore, writer (Utopia), dies
1865Otto Ludwig, German writer (Zwischen Himmel und Erde), dies at 47
1894James Morrison Steele Mackaye, US actor/author/director, dies at 51
1899Paul Julius von Reuter, founder of the news agency (Reuters), dies
1901Jose Rogel, composer, dies at 71
1902Carl Ignaz Franz Umlauf, composer, dies at 77
1906Anton Stepanovich Arensky, Russian composer/conductor c t, dies at 44
1914John Tenniel, British illustrator (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 93
1915George Mimot, physician (Nobel-1934), dies
1920Aloys, Liechtenstein nobleman/politician, dies at 73
1922Henri-Désiré Landru, French sex murderer, guillotined at 52
1925Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia, composer, dies at 81
1934John J McGraw, manager (NY Giants), dies at 60
1934Daniel Protheroe, composer, dies at 67
1942Leo Ascher, composer, dies at 61
1945M rio R de Morais Andrade, Brazilian poet/folklorist, dies at 51
1947Friedrich Paschen, German physicist, dies at 82
1953Jesus Garcia Leoz, composer, dies at 49
1955Marij Kogoj, composer, dies at 59
1957Kurt von Wolfurt, composer, dies at 76
1957Mark Aldanov, [Mark A Landau], Russian/French chemist, dies at 70
1960Everhardus J van Romondt, Dutch Antillean minister, dies at 51
1962Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist, dies at 81
1964Alexander Archipenko, sculptor, dies
1967John Griggs, actor (Joey Bishop Show), dies at 57
1968Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47), dies at 96
1969Jan Zajic, Czech student, self incinerates
1970Mark Rothko, abstract expressionist (Green on Blue), dies at 66
1975Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, dies in Chicago at 78
1978Daniel "Chappie" James Jr, retired Air Force general, dies at 58
1982J K Irani, cricket wicketkeeper (2 Tests for India 1947-48), dies
1983Tennessee Williams, writer (Streetcar Named Desire), dies at 71
1983John Cowles Sr, US publisher, dies at 84
1987James Coco, actor (Joe-Dumplings), dies at 58
1988Amapola Del Vando, actress (Cowboy), dies at 78
1990Deborra Hampton, actress (Crossroads, 2 of a Kind), dies at 30
1992Guy Deghy, actor (Matter of Who, 1 Eyed Soldiers), dies at 79
1992John E Allen Jr, actor (1 2 3), dies
1992Ollie O'Toole, dies after long illness at 79
1993Troy Caldwell, country musician (Marshall Tucker Band), dies at 45
1993John D Boeke, organist/conductor, dies
1993Jean G H "Sjeng" Tans, Dutch PM (social dem, 1965-69), dies
1993Jan D Boeke, Dutch organist/conductor, dies
1993Eddie Constantine, actor (Alphaville, License to Kill), dies at 75
1994Baruch Goldstein, physician/murderer (53 in mosque), lynched at 42
1994Hugh Tayfield, cricketer (170 wickets for S Afr in 37 Tests), dies
1994Jersey Joe Walcott, boxer, dies at 80
1994Wladyslaw Sila Lawyer Adviser to Solidarity-Nowicki, dies at 80
1994Yann Piat, French MP (FN/PR), murdered at 44
1995Terence Weil, cellist/teacher, dies at 73
1995Oh Jin Woo, Korean minister of defense, dies
1995Jack Clayton, British director (Great Gatsby), dies at 73
1996Haing S Ngor, doctor/actor (Killing Fields), dies at 45
1996Marion Farouk Political scientist-Sluglett, dies at 59
1996Vehbi Koc, indistrialist/philanthropist, dies at 94
1997Andrei Donatovich Sinyavsky, writer/critic, dies at 71
1997Tony Williams, jazz drummer (Miles Davis), dies at 51
1998Luigi Veronesi, Italian abstract artist (Campo Grafico), dies at 90
1998Umberto Mastroianni, Italian sculptor, dies at 87

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman