It's history today!
Welcome to It's History! For today, Thursday, April 18, 2019.
1949 - China War
The China Red Ultimatum is about to expire as the armies of Red China and Nanjing face each
other across the Yangtze River the government of Nanjing feared this is the last days of
independence as the red army will walk in and take power on behalf of Red China.
1955 - U.S.A. Albert Einstein
Celebrated physicist and Nobel Laureate Albert Einstein died today at the age of 76.
1956 - UK Premium Bonds
The British Chancellor Harold Macmillan has unveiled plans for a new state saving scheme (
Premium Bonds ) offering cash prizes of up to by £1,000 instead of interest. The Bonds are
introduced in November and Premium Bond winning numbers were generated by an Electronic
Random Number Indicator Equipment, a computer otherwise known as Ernie. In Britain over 20
million people own premium bonds with the chance of winning two monthly jackpots of £1m.
1956 - Grace Kelly Becomes Princess Grace
The Movie star Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier of Monaco in a a 16-minute civil ceremony
in the Palace Throne Room of Monaco on This Day, 1956, The Napoleonic Code of Monaco and the
laws of the Roman Catholic Church necessitated two ceremonies, the first a civil ceremony
and on the following day the church ceremony took place at Monaco's Saint Nicholas
1958 - U.S.A. Satellite Maps
The US Military hinted that it will be possible with satellites orbiting the earth to
pinpoint any place on the earth and make a detailed drawing including unfriendly countries (
So that is where Google Maps started ).
1960 - UK Ban The Bomb March
Tens of thousands of people joined the Aldermaston "ban the bomb" March organized by
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) that ended with a rally in Trafalgar Square with an
estimated 60,000 - 100,000 present.
1968 - UK London Bridge / Rennie's bridge Sold To
London Bridge is sold for 1 million to an American oil magnate to be reassembled back at
Lake Havasu City, Arizona. The bridge was disassembled, and each piece was numbered to aid
1978 - Panama Canal to be given to Panamanian
The US Senate has backed a treaty to transfer the Panama Canal to the control of Panama. The
building of the Panama Canal was started by the French in 1880 but in 1904 the US took over
the construction of the canal which was completed 10 years later.
1983 - Lebanon Car Bomb US Embassy
A car bomb is used as a terrorist weapon successfully in an attack on the U.S. embassy
complex in Beirut, Lebanon killing 12 people. The terrorist a member of Islamic Jihad drove
at high speed up the main drive of the consulate in a truck containing 500 kg of high
explosive exploding in front of the U.S. embassy.
1988 - Israel Ivan the Terrible Found
A retired US car worker identified as "Ivan the Terrible" is found guilty of Nazi war crimes
in a court in Israel and is sentenced to the death penalty. Ivan the Terrible was a guard at
the Treblinka death camp in Poland during World War II. His conviction was quashed in
1993 by the Israeli Supreme Court, after evidence suggested that another Ukrainian was Ivan
the Terrible and returned to the US, he was later deported back to Ukraine when a US judge
ruled that even if Demjanjuk were not Ivan the Terrible, there was enough evidence to prove
he had been a death camp guard.
1994 - Rwanda Ethnic Violence
The ethnic violence which started in the Rwandan capital Kigali following the death of
Rwanda's president in a plane crash is now spreading throughout the country. Reports have
come in that soldiers have been hacking Tutsi civilians to death with machetes in the
streets in Kigali.
1996 - Egypt Greek Tourists Killed By
Egyptian gunmen open fire on a group of tourists outside the Europa Hotel in Cairo, killing
Seventeen Greek tourists and an Egyptian tour guide. The terrorist Islamic group, al-Gamaa
al-Islamiya, admitted it was behind the attack but thought the tourists were Israelis.
1997 - U.S.A. Flooding
Major floods in Grand Forks North Dakota caused by the Red River breaching a dike gave way
causing flooding in the city and 50,000 residents were forced to leave homes and in some
areas only roofs of houses were seen when the river broke it's banks and could not be held
up any longer.
2002 - U.S.A. Robert Blake Arrested
Actor Robert Blake is arrested in the shooting death of his wife, Bonny Lee Bakley. (Blake
was later acquitted of murder but found liable in a civil case.)
2003 - U.S.A. Scott Peterson Arrested
Scott Peterson is arrested in San Diego for the murder of his wife, Laci, who was eight
months pregnant when she vanished on Christmas Eve. (He was later convicted and sentenced to
2004 - Spain Withdraws Troops From Iraq
Following commuter trains bombing in Madrid in Spain which caused 191 deaths and outrage all
over Spain. The new Socialist Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero orders a
withdrawal of Spanish troops from Iraq.
2007 - Nearly two hundred dead in a series of bombings in
At least 172 people, including women and children, have been killed in a spate of bombs in
Baghdad. The deadliest bombing was a Sunni car-bomb that exploded close to a market in
central Baghdad's al-Sadriyah district, which has killed about 122 people. This part of the
city is mainly inhabited by Kurdish and Shi'ite residents. The number of fatalities is
likely to increase, as 145 people are reported to have been injured in the blast. The number
of dead does vary, but this had been bloodiest day since U.S. troops invaded the city.
2008 - Texas gets custody of the 416 children from
A Texas District Judge has ruled that the state will be keeping temporary custody of the 416
children that were taken from a polygamous sect's (Y.F.C.'s ) West Texas compound. A child
psychiatrist has testified that the children at the Y.F.Z. Ranch have lived in a
"destructive environment" that encourages the sexual assault of young girls. Child
psychiatrist Bruce Perry said it will be difficult to break the cycle because it is
ingrained in the sect's culture. "Part of what they do is very destructive," he said. State
Child Protective Services investigator Angie Voss has testified that there were more than
twenty girls among the children that were pregnant or had young children.
2009 - Iran Roxana Saberi
Roxana Saberi an Iranian / US citizen and journalist is sentenced to eight years in prison
for espionage. Following her appeal against the charges by an Iranian appeals court she was
freed from prison on May 11th after the appeals court suspended her eight-year jail
2010 - Europe Air Travel Disruption
Air travel in Europe is still disrupted 4 days after Eyjafjöll in Iceland begins volcanic
eruptions, the reason for flights are cancelled is that the Volcanic Eruptions are below the
Jet Stream which then carried the ash over to Europe, The reason aircraft are grounded is
the ash enters the air intakes and due to it's composition can cause engine failure.
European Air traffic continued to be disrupted for the next 2 days.
2011 - Toyota Restarts Production in
Japanese car maker Toyota officially restarted production in all of its Japanese plants for
the first time since a massive earthquake ravaged the country in March of 2011. The plants
were only set to produce at half the normal level of production and representatives stated
the company was unsure when it would be capable of producing at a full capacity. The company
had experienced a production loss of 260,000 cars since the March 11 earthquake.
2012 - United States TV Personality Dick Clark
One of the most well-known television personalities from the US, Dick Clark, died at the age
of eighty-two from a heart attack. Clark gained his popularity through hosting the American
Bandstand show that introduced up and coming music stars to the nation and had also hosted
ABC's New Year's Rockin' Eve. Clark also ran a production company that produced several
movies, game shows, beauty contests, and music programs like the American Music Awards.
Clark had suffered a stroke in 2004 but kept working.
2014 - Algerian President Elected For Fourth
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika won his fourth term in the Algerian presidential election.
Bouteflika won the election with more than eighty percent of the vote. Bouteflika is
seventy-seven years old and had recently had a stroke, making it difficult for him to appear
in public. Turn-out was low with only a little over fifty percent of the voting population
showing up. There were several protests against Bouteflika, saying that he was unfit to stay
in charge due to health problems.