It's history tomorrow!
Welcome to It's History! for tomorrow, Friday, April 19, 2019.
1995 - U.S.A. Oklahoma Bombing
A truck full of explosives destroyed the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City,
Oklahoma, killing 168 people. In 1997, Timothy McVeigh was convicted of the bombing and on
June 11, 2001 he was executed by lethal injection.
1943 - Poland Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
On the eve of Passover, April 19, 1943, the police and SS auxiliary forces entered the
Ghetto under the command of SS-Oberführer Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg, planning to
clean out insurgents who had begun an uprising in January. But Jewish insurgents, who shot
and launched Molotov cocktails and hand grenades at them from alleyways forced them to halt
the exercise and withdraw. SS-Oberführer Ferdinand von Sammern-Frankenegg was replaced by
Brigadeführer Jürgen Stroop who proceeded with a better organized assault that included
artillery support and on April 29, 1943, the Jewish resistance was crushed. Following two
years of misery for thousands of Jews forced to live in the Warsaw Ghetto by the Nazi's
where they had been starved, and living with disease and deportations to concentration camps
and extermination camps which had dropped the population of the ghetto from an estimated
450,000 to approximately 71,000. The Nazi's planned effort to transport the remaining ghetto
population to the Treblinka extermination camp caused the Jewish people to begin a revolt
against the Nazi's beginning on January 18th, 1943.
1993 - U.S.A. Waco Cult Raid
An assault on the Waco cult headquarters of the Branch Davidian sect near Waco, Texas ends
in a deadly fire (believed to have been started by those inside) and ends with the death of
70 cult members including the cults leader Mr Koresh. The buildings have been surrounded
since February when four agents with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) were
killed as they attempted to arrest Mr Koresh on firearms charges.
1897 - U.S.A. Boston Marathon
The Worlds oldest annual marathon run in Boston, Massachusetts, United States races for the
first time. The Boston Marathon ranks as one of the world's most prestigious road racing
events with an average of 20,000 taking part. The marathon is one of five members of the
World Marathon Majors which include the cities of Boston, London, Berlin, Chicago and New
1927 - Mae West Sentenced
Mae West was sentenced for an obscene stage performance to ten days in a work house and
1928 - China Civil War
The combined nationalist Northern Armies under Chiang continue drive onto Peking as part of
the Civil war continuing in China.
1934 - United States Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple appears in the American musical movie with many well known actors and
actresses steals the show and goes on to appear in 10 movies in 1934 , including 4 starring
roles in major feature-length films.
1936 - German Military
In the biggest show of military strength since World War I Germany pays homage to Hitler
with a show of 300 tanks.
1940 - U.S.A. Jimmy Dorsey
Jimmy Dorsey and his orchestra record the song "Six Lessons from Madame La Zonga."
1942 - France Vichy Government
The New Vichy Government Headed by Pierre Laval at the bidding of his German masters in an
attempt to bring the insurgent french people back into line with Nazi ruling by promising to
protect the people from the Nazi Regime by gaining concessions.
1945 - Popular Musical Carousel
The popular musical "Carousel" opens at the prominent Majestic Theatre in New York City. The
production was based on the 1909 play by Ferenc Molnar about a man named Liliom and his
1956 - Grace Kelly and Prince Rainier
Grace Kelly and Prince Rainier start their honeymoon on Deo Javante II 138 ft Yacht but due
to heavy seas spent the night in the harbor.
1961 - Cuba Bay of Pigs
On April 17th 1,500 CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles invade southern Cuba at the "Bay of
Pigs" by the 19th 118 are killed and 1,202 are captured by Cuban forces. President Kennedy
inherited the operation from US President Dwight D. Eisenhower and approved the operation
but it has to be one of the worst planned and executed covert invasions in modern times
poorly thought out, as Cuban and Soviet Forces knew almost to the day where and when the
operation would occur.
1969 - Students Occupy Willard Straight
Militant black students at Cornell Univ. use force to take over Willard Straight Hall
demanding a black studies program, after a deal was reached with the administration the news
showed students leaving the hall carrying rifles although they were never used.
1972 - Lunar Rover Apollo 16
Apollo 16 the fifth mission to land on the Moon with astronauts John W Young and Charles M
Duke are preparing to descend from lunar orbit and land on the moons surface in the
Descartes Mountains, When landed they drove an electric powered Lunar Rover to explore fully
the Descartes Plateau. Young and Duke spent three days exploring the Descartes highland
region and testing the Lunar Rover getting up to a top speed of eleven miles per hour which
still stands as the record speed for any wheeled vehicle on the Moon.
1987 - U.S.A. The Simpsons
The Simpsons which had originally been created as a series of shorts for The Tracey Ullman
Show with the first showing on This Day 1987
1989 - Central Park Attack on Jogger
On the 19th approximately 30 teenage perpetrators committed several attacks, assaults, and
robberies in the northernmost part of New York City's Central Park. Around the same time an
attack on Trisha Meili occurred, who was jogging on her own on her usual path in Central
Park shortly before 9 pm. She was raped and beaten almost to death, at 1:30 AM she was found
naked, gagged, and tied up, covered in mud and blood. Five juveniles (called the "Central
Park 5") were interviewed for hours about the crime and intimidated into confessions. Since
no DNA evidence tied the suspects to the crime, the prosecution's case rested almost
entirely on the confessions. They were all found guilty but the convictions were overturned
in 2002 after Matias Reyes, a convicted rapist and murderer, confessed to the crime and was
linked to it with DNA evidence. The city was forced to pay out $41 million in damages.
2001 - South Africa Aids Drugs Profit Before The Lives Of
The world's biggest pharmaceutical companies bring legal action to fight legislation which
would allow generic versions of their patented drugs being made in or imported to South
Africa. Following uproar around the world and the pharmaceutical industry accused of putting
profit before the lives of millions of people in the developing world, they have backed out
of the court battle over cheap, non-branded anti-Aids drugs and also after dropping the
case, agree to sell Aids drugs at cost price in developing countries - a discount of up to
2005 - Vatican Pope Benedict XVI
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger has been elected as the successor to Pope John Paul II The new
Pope has taken the name Pope Benedict XVI and is the head of the world's 1.1 billion Roman
2006 - Romano Prodi is confirmed as Italian Prime
Italy's supreme court has ruled that Romano Prodi was won the country's general election,
after the result was challenged by the standing Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi.
Berlusconi made no comment on the ruling, but his aides have said that he is still refusing
to concede defeat. The supreme court has confirmed a narrow win for the center-left
opposition leader, nine days after polls closed. It has been thoroughly reviewing the
2008 - Moqtada Sadr Threatens Severe Tactics Against
The Iraqi Shi'ite cleric Moqtada Sadr has said that he'll wage "open war" on the Baghdad
government if it doesn't stop its operations against his insurgents. Sadr warns that this
will be the government's "last warning", and he has urged it to take "the path of peace".
His statement comes as Iraqi troops, with U.S. support, clash with his forces in Baghdad.
2008 - Saudi / U.S.A. The publication of Perpetual
The Human Rights Watch group has said that Saudi women are being kept in perpetual childhood
so that male relatives can exercise "guardianship" over them. The New York-based group says
that they have to obtain permission from male relatives to work, travel, study, marry or
even receive health care. The group's report, Perpetual Minors: Human Rights Abuses Stemming
from Male Guardianship and Sex Segregation in Saudi Arabia has been published today, and
draws on more than one hundred interviews with Saudi women. It says that they are denied the
legal right to make trivial decisions for their children, and that they can't open bank
accounts for them, enroll them in school, obtain school files or travel with them without
written permission from their fathers.
2010 - American is charged with funding terrorist
An American businessman has been sentenced to ten years in prison for trying to send money
to an Afghan militant training camp. Abdul Alishtari had admitted charges of financing
terrorism at an earlier hearing in New York. A United States District Judge has said that he
was facilitating the transfer of $152,500, believing that it would be used in Afghanistan
and Pakistan to train terrorists, and understood that these funds would be used to purchase
equipment needed at a terrorist training camp. The man with whom he was working to transfer
the money was actually an undercover law enforcement officer.
2011 - India Helicopter Crash Kills
Seventeen people died as the result of a helicopter crash in the Indian state of Arunachal
Pradesh. The helicopter carrying twenty-three people caught on fire as it approached the
city of Tawang. The exact cause of the crash was unknown but officials suspected the sixteen
year old helicopter had technical problems.
2012 - India Tests Agni-V Long-Range
India successfully launched a the Agni-V long-range intercontinental ballistic missile. The
missile would be capable of carrying a nuclear warhead and had a range of more than 3,100
miles. While India has denied the claim, several analysts have argued that the goal of the
test was to deter China.
2013 - Boston Lock-down and Boston Marathon Bomb
The Boston Lock-down started with The shelter-in-place requests for several Boston-area
neighborhoods in and around the Watertown area early Friday morning and extended to the
entire city around 8 a.m. ET. Dzhokhar Tsarnaev runs over his brother Tamerlan dragging him
a short distance down the street. Tsarnaev's cause of death was "gunshot wounds of torso and
extremities, blunt trauma to head and torso," and "shot by police then run over and dragged
by motor vehicle." Police trap and capture the other brother Dzhokhar Tsarnaev. The trial
began in federal court in Boston on March 4, 2015 and On May 15, 2015, a verdict was reached
sentencing Tsarnaev to death by lethal injection. He is currently held in ADX Florence
Federal Supermax prison ( Colorado ) on death row.
2013 - Japan Oldest Man Celebrates
The world's oldest man Jiroemon Kimura, from Japan, celebrated his 116th birthday. Kimura
was believed to be the last living person to have lived across three different centuries.
2013 - Actress Reese Witherspoon Arrested
Oscar-winning actress Reese Witherspoon was arrested in Atlanta, Georgia for disorderly
conduct after her husband was pulled over on suspicion of driving while drunk.
2014 - Bahrain Car Explosion Kills Two
Two people have died and a third passenger was injured after the car that they were
traveling exploded. Investigators were unclear as to whether the car had been targeted by an
attack or if those in the car had been planning an attack of their own.