It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for tomorrow, Saturday, April 25, 2015.
On this day in history Birthdays  Deaths

1185 Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family
1449 Anti-pope Felix V resigns
1507 Geographer Martin Waldseemuller 1st used name America
1541 -26) Liege flooded after heavy down pour
1604 Count Maurits' army lands at Cadzand
1607 Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish/Portuguese fleet
1614 Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms
1626 Battle at the Dessauer bridge: Monarch Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Earl of Mansfeld
1660 London Convention Parliament begins
1660 Parliament meets & votes to restore Charles II
1678 French troops conquer Ypres
1684 Patent granted for thimble
1707 Battle of Almansa-Franco-Spanish forces defeat Anglo-Portuguese
1719 Daniel Defoes publishes "Robinson Crusoe"
1747 Prince Willem V appointed viceroy of Zealand
1792 Guillotine 1st used, executes highwayman Nicolas J Pelletier
1850 Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
1859 Ground broken for Suez Canal
1861 7th NY arrives to reinforce Washington, DC
1861 Battle of Lavaca, TX
1862 Battle of New Orleans LA - US Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans
1864 Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
1867 Tokyo opens for foreign trade
1875 Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
1876 Chicago Cubs 1st NL game, beats Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout)
1881 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
1881 French troops occupy Algeria & Tunisia
1886 Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna
1891 Pres Benjamin Harrison visits SF
1896 Fight in Central Dance Hall starts fire (Cripple Creek Colorado)
1896 Sidney Jones & Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London
1898 US declares war on Spain over Cuba
1901 Erve Beck hits American League's 1st home run
1901 New York becomes 1st state requiring auto license plates ($1 fee)
1901 In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit)
1902 Erwin Harvey becomes 1st Cleveland ballplayer (Cleveland Bronchos) to have six hits in one game
1904 NY Yankee Jack Chesbro's 1st of 41 wins this year
1905 Latest day of 1st-class cricket in an Aust season (NSW v Qld)
1905 Whites win right to vote in South Africa
1915 78,000 ANZAC troops land at Gallipoli
1925 Paul von Hindenburg elected president of Germany
1926 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Turandot," premieres in Milan
1926 Persian cossack officer Reza Chan crowns himself Shah Palawi
1927 Spain routes 20,000 soldiers to Morocco (uprising Rifkabylen)
1928 Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for the blind
1932 Rose Franken's "Another Language," premieres in NYC
1933 NY Yankee Russ Van Atta shuts out Washington Senators 16-0
1933 US & Canada drop Gold Standard
1938 1st use of seeing eye dog
1941 Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta
1942 Luftwaffe bombs Bath
1944 United Negro College Fund incorporates
1945 45 countries convene UN Conference on Intl Organization in SF
1945 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
1945 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
1945 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
1945 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
1945 Red army completely surrounds Berlin
1945 US & Soviet forces meet at Torgau Germany on Elbe River
1946 "Exposition Flyer" rammed at Napierville Illinois, killing 48
1946 Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent," premieres in London
1947 Lou Thesz beats Whipper Watson in St Louis, to become wrestling champ
1947 Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Vo–te begins
1949 Friedrich Drrenmatt's "Romulus der Grosse," premieres in Basel
1949 Michael Brown, rocker (Left Bank-Don't Walk Away Renee)
1950 Ambon (proclaims RMS (Republik Maluku Selatan)
1950 Chuck Cooper becomes 1st black to play in NBA
1952 6th NBA Championship: Minneapolis Lakers beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 3
1952 American Bowling Congress approves use of an automatic pinsetter
1952 German "Country" Bathe-Wrttemberg forms
1953 Scientists identify DNA
1954 Bell labs announces 1st solar battery (NYC)
1954 British raid Nairobi Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island atmospher
1954 WDEF TV channel 12 in Chattanooga, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel" goes #1
1956 Noël Coward's musical "South Sea Bubble," premieres in London
1957 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated
1957 Ibrahim Hashim forms Jordanian govt
1957 WUHY TV channel 35 in Philadelphia, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1959 St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping
1960 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed (Triton)
1961 "Young Abe Lincoln" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 27 perfs
1961 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
1961 Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin
1961 Premier Mo‹se Tsjombe of Katanga arrested in Congo
1961 Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit
1961 Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad
1962 Cleve sends Harry Chiti to Mets for a player to be named later, on
1962 Lion & Tiger Veldt at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is dedicated
1962 US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on Moon
1962 US resumes above ground nuclear testing, at Christmas Island
1962 June 15 the Mets send Chiti back to Cleveland
1964 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
1965 19th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 1
1965 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Pensacola Golf Invitational
1966 Drunk driver kills 10 children in Asse Belgium
1967 Abortion legalized in Colorado
1967 Britain grants internal self-government to Swaziland
1967 Jules Feiffer's "Little Murders," premieres in NYC
1968 "Half a Sixpence" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 512 performances
1969 BBC Radio serial "Dales" 5,400th & last episode
1969 Last radio broadcast of "Mrs Dale's Diary" on BBS
1970 "Park" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 5 performances
1970 Freda Payne releases "Band of Gold"
1970 Melanie releases "Lay Down"
1971 About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington
1971 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Burdine's Golf Invitational
1971 US canal rights in Nicaragua & rights to Corn Islands expire
1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1972 Hans-Werner Grosse glides 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12
1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 Chancellor Willy Brandt sect Gnther Guillaume found to be a spy
1974 Leo Tindemans forms Belgium govt
1974 Marcello Caetano overthrown in Portugal (Carnation revolution)
1974 NFL moves goal posts & adopts sudden-death playoff
1975 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao
1975 Mario Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's free election
1975 USSR performs underground nuclear test
1975 West German embassy blown-up in Stockholm Sweden
1976 Elections in Vietnam for a National Assembly to reunite the country
1976 India all out for 97 v West Indies
1976 Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
1976 Portugal adopts constitution
1976 Cub centerfielder Rick Monday rescues US flag from 2 fans trying to set it on fire
1977 Cin Reds tie record of 12 runs in 5th inning beating Braves 23-9
1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1978 Phillie Phanatic makes 1st appearance
1978 Supreme Court rules pension plans can't require women to pay more
1979 "Rock 'n Roll High Schools" premieres
1979 Peace treaty between Israel & Egypt goes into effect
1980 A's manager Billy Martin restrained by umps from attacking a fan
1980 Announcement of Jimmy Carter hostage rescue bungle in Iran
1980 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Wayne Webb
1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1981 Maureen Reagan (40) marries 3rd husband, Dennis Revell (28)
1981 Mariners mgr Maury Wills is suspended for 2 games after ordering Seattle's grounds crew to enlarge batter's boxes by one foot
1982 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 In accordance with Camp David, Israel completes Sinai withdrawal
1982 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Orlando Lady Golf Classic
1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1982 Yanks fire manager Bob Lemon & replaces him with Gene Michael
1983 "Nightline" expands from « hour to a full hour
1983 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1983 Portugal's Soares' Partido Socialista wins parliamentary election
1983 Yuri Andropov invites US schoolgirl Samantha Smith to USSR
1984 Rock group Wings disbands
1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1985 "Big River" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 1005 performances
1985 Flyers 2-Isles 6-Patrick Div Finals-Flyers hold 3-1 lead
1985 For 2nd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 goals in a Cup game
1985 Roger Miller's musical "Big River," premieres in NYC
1985 West German Parliament ruled it illegal to deny the holocaust
1986 ETA bomb attacks Madrid killing 5
1988 "Nightline" goes on location to Jerusalem Israel
1988 John Demjanjuk (Ivan the Terrible), sentenced to death in Jerusalem
1988 NASA launches space vehicle S-211
1989 Mike Tyson gets a speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY
1989 Penguin Mario Lemuix ties NHL playoff record of 4 goals in 1st period
1990 25th Academy of Country Music Awards: Clint Black & Kathy Mattea win
1990 Hubble space telescope is placed into orbit by shuttle Discovery
1990 Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a 6 year term as Nicaragua's pres
1991 "Grand Hotel" closes at Beck Theater NYC after 1018 performances
1991 Designer Mary McFadden (52) announces divorce of Kohie Yohannan (23)
1991 Lisa Olson brings suit against NFL NE Patriots for sexual harassment
1991 Lucy Simon & Marsha Norman's musical premieres in NYC
1992 "Shimada" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 4 performances
1992 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Marc McDowell
1993 "Blood Brothers" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 839 performances
1993 Russia elect Boris Yeltsin leader
1994 14" of snow in Southern Calif
1994 Bomb attack on taxi stand in Johannesburg, 10 killed
1994 Fishing boat with school children capsize at Lanaka Syria, 46 killed
1994 King Azlan Shah of Malaysia resigns
1994 Mexican businessman & billionaire Angel Losada kidnap
1994 Tsutomu Hata elected premier of Japan
1995 "Month in the Country" opens at Roundabout Theater NYC for 79 perfs
1995 16th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1996 "Bring in Da Noise, Bring in Da Funk," opens at Ambassador Theater NYC
1997 Seattle Mariner Ken Griffey Jr hits his 250th HR

Famous birthdays for this day Events  Deaths

1214Louis IX, King of France (1226-70)
1228Koenraad IV, Roman Catholic German king (1237-54)
1284Edward II, King of England (1307-27)
1567Aurelio Signoretti, composer
1599Oliver Cromwell, Puritan lord protector of England (1653-58)
1608Jean BG duke of Orléans, brother of French King Louis XIII/general
1614Hieronymus van Beverningk, chief Dutch treasurer/maecenas
1614Marc'Antonio Pasqualini, composer
1666Johann Heinrich Buttstett, composer
1677Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Chevaux the Marly)
1690Gottlieb Theophil Muffat, composer
1710James Ferguson, astronomer
1723Giovanni Marco Rutini, composer
1730Fedele Fenaroli, composer
1769Mark Isambard Brunel, engineer/inventor
1792John Keble, Anglican priest/founder (Oxford Movement)
1818Marek Konrad Sokolowski, composer
1824Gustave-Rodolphe-Clarence Boulanger, painter
1825Charles Ferdinand Dowd, US, standardized time zones
1837William Charles Levey, composer
1840James Dearing, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
1840Peter Il'yich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer (1812 Overture) (5/7 NS)
1841Pauline Lucca, soprano
1842Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer/poet (Il santo/Leila)
1849Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium)
1862Edward Grey, English viscount of Fallodon/minister of Foreign affairs
1867Jean Demoor, Belgian physician/physiologist
1869Karl Prohaska, composer
1871Sara Amsel, Indonesian/Dutch actress
1872Charles Burgess Fry, cricketer/world record long jumper
1874Guglielmo Marconi, Bologna Italy, inventor (radio, Nobel 1909)
1876Ruben Marcos Campos, composer
1881Hans Windisch, German new testament expert
1883Elsa Maxwell, Keokuk Iowa, writer (Jack Paar Show)
1889Charles Kellaway, cricketer (great Australian all-rounder of 1920's)
1895Stanley Rous, British soccer official
1897Haro Levoni Step'anyan, composer
1897VAA Mary, English princess
1900Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, diplomat
1900Lord Gladwyn, MP (Liberal)
1900Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)
1901Ernst Gernot Klussmann, composer
1903Camilla Horn, actress (Rebus, Vertigine, Polterabend, Matinee Idol)
1903Carl Gustav Sparre Olsen, composer
1905Hugh Willatt, solicitor/public servant
1905Walter Hassan, engineer
1906Sally Salminen, writer
1906William J Brennan Jr, NJ, 92nd Supreme Court judge (1956-90) [or 8/25]
1906Zoltan Gardonyi, composer
1907Paula Trueman, NYC, actress (Gran-Billy)
1907Vasily Pavlovich Solov'yov-Sedoy, composer
1908Edward R Murrow, Pole Creek NC, newscaster (Person to Person)
1909Jaroslav Doubrava, composer
1912Gladys L Presley, mother of Elvis
1913Earl Bostic, Tulsa OK, alto sax player (Flamingo, Temptation)
1913Russ Conway, Brandon Manitoba, actor (Richard Diamond Private Eye)
1914Claude Mauriac, writer
1914Marcos Perez Jimenez, president/dictator Venezuela
1915A J A Quintus Bosz, Indonesian/Suriname lawyer
1915William Goyen, writer
1918Astrid Varnay, Stockholm Sweden, soprano (Met Opera 1941-56)
1918Ella Fitzgerald, Newport News VA, jazz singer (Is it live or Memorex)
1918[Ibolyka] Astridm Varnay, Hungarian/US singer (Walkre)
1919Heinz Wunderlich, composer
1920Jean Carmet, actor (Cache Cash, Miss Mona, Night Magic)
1920Marre, reformer of the bar
1921Jean Mogin, Belgian poet
1921Karel Appel, painter (Vragende Children)
1923Aafje J R Bouber, [Blom], actress (Traveller Without Baggage)
1923Albert King, Mississippi, blues singer/guitarist (Bad Look Blues)
1923Anita Bjorak, actress (Miss Julie, Loving Couples, Night People)
1923Francis Graham-Smith, British astronomer
1923Melissa Hayden, Toronto Canada, ballerina (1961 Silver Bowl)
1924Erzsebet Szonyi, composer
1924Franco Mannino, composer
1925Anthony Christopher, British trade unionist
1926Paul Walter Furst, composer
1927Ernst Widmer, composer
1929José Angel Valente, Spanish poet (A modo the esperanza)
1929Yvette Corlett, athlete
1929Yvette Williams, NZ, long jumper (Oly-gold-52)
1930Dotty Mack, Cincinnati Ohio, actress (Paul Dixon Show)
1930Paul Mazursky, Brooklyn, writer/director (Moscow on the Hudson)
1930Roy Marshall, cricket opener (prolific Hampshire only 4 Tests for WI)
1931David Shepherd, painter
1932Lia Manoliu, Romania, discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1968)
1932Meadowlark Lemmon, basketball star (Harlem Globetrotter) [or 0421]
1932William Roache, England, actor (Ken Barlow-Coronation Street)
1933Helen Paling, British circuit judge
1933Jerry Leiber, songwriter (Leiber & Stoller)
1934David de Peyer, cancer research campaigner
1934Denny "Scott" Miller, Bloomington Ind, actor (Wagon Train)
1937Bo Brundin, Stockholm Sweden, actress (Rhinemann Exchange)
1937Thomas Faber, publisher
1939Richard earl of Lichfield, English photographer
1939Veronica Sutherland, British diplomat
1940Al Pacino, NYC, actor (And Justice For All, Godfather, Scorpio)
1940Marian Norrie
1940O B McClinton, [Burnett], country singer (Keep your arms around me)
1941Bertrand Tavernier, actor (Capt Conan, L627, Daddy Nostalgie)
1941Chris Augustine, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
1941Lawrence J Smith, (Rep-D-FL, 1983- )
1942John Martin Dalby, composer
1942Jon Kyl, (Rep-R-Arizona)
1944John Bryant, editor (Europeans)
1945Bjorn Ulvaeus, rock vocalist/guitarist (ABBA-Waterloo, Dancing Queen)
1945Michael Kogel, rocker
1945Stu Cook, rock bassist (Creedence Clearwater Revival-Proud Mary)
1945Walt Wesley, NBA star (Cleve Cavaliers, Milwaukee Bucks, LA Lakers)
1946... Zhirinovsky, [Edelstein], Russian ultra nationalist/anti semite
1946Digby Fairweather, jazz trumpeter
1946Peter Sutherland, CEO (Allied Irish Banks)
1946Ronnie Gilbert, rocker (Lifeline, Harp)
1946Talia Shire, [Coppola], Lake Success NY, actress (Adrienne-Rocky)
1946Vladimir Zhirinovsky, [Edelstein], Russian nationalist/anti-semite
1947Bill Fontana, composer
1947Jeffrey DeMunn, Buffalo NY, actor (Blaze, Frances, Windy City)
1947Johan Cruyff, Dutch soccer player/coach (Ajax/Barcelona)
1948Mike Selvey, cricketer (England pace bowler of late 70's)
1949Michael Brown, NYC, keyboardist (Left Bank-Don't Walk Away Renee)
1950Steve Ferrone, Sussex, rock drummer (Average White Band)
1951Ian McCartney, MP
1951Linda Stone, pharmacist
1952Cory Day, Bronx NY, rock vocalist
1952Vladislav Tretiak, USSR hockey player (Olympic-gold-1972, 76)
1953Gary Cosier, cricketer (Australian batsman 1975-78, 109 on debut v WI)
1954Rob Crosby, Sumter SC, country singer (She's a Natural)
1955Buster Mottram, tennis player
1955Joanne Abbott, Sarnia Ontario, yachter (Olympics-96)
1955John Nunn, British chess player
1957Eric Bristow, "Crafty Cockney", Engld, dart thrower (5 World Masters)
1958Chris Johnson, Arcata CA, LPGA golfer (1990 Atlantic City Classic)
1958Fish, [Derek William Dick], Scottish vocalist (Marillion-Sugar Mice)
1958Flab, rocker
1959Billy Rankin, Glasgow, Scotland, rocker
1959Tony Phillips, Atlanta GA, baseballoutfielder: Chicago White Sox
1964Andy Bell, rocker (Erasure-Oh L'Amour)
1964Jackie Campbell, LA Cal, WPVA volleyballer (Nationals-5th-1993)
1964Jamie Siddons, cricketer (Victorian & SA batsman ODI for Aust 1988)
1965Denis Perez, hockey defenseman (Team France 1998)
1965Mark Bryant, NBA forward/center (Phoenix Suns, Houston Rockets)
1966Darren Holmes, Asheville NC, pitcher (Colorado Rockies)
1966Isabelle Pasco, France, actress (Ave Maria)/model (Elle, Vogue)
1967Angel Martino, Americus GA, 50m/100m freestyle (Oly-gold/2 br-92, 96)
1969Darren Woodson, NFL safety (Dallas Cowboys)
1969Gavin Bruk-Jackson, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993)
1969Jon Olsen, US, 100m freestyle/400m/800m medley (Olymp-gold-1992, 96)
1969Marisa Pedulla, Bellefonte PA, half-lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)
1969Nir Shental, Israel, Men's 470 yachter (Oly-15th-1996)
1969Sanjeeva Ranatunga, cricketer (Sri Lankan Test batsman 1994- )
1969Travis Fryman, Lexington KY, infielder (Detroit Tigers)
1970Corwin Brown, NFL safety (NY Jets, NE Patriots)
1970Steve Tovar, NFL linebacker (Cin Bengals)
1971Andrew Grigg, CFL receiver (Hamilton Tiger Cats)
1971Brad Clontz, Stuart VA, pitcher (Atlanta Braves)
1971Eric England, NFL defensive end (Arizona Cardinals)
1971Joël Bourgeois, Moncton New Brunswick, 3000m Steeplechase (Olympic-96)
1971Michelle Harris, Newark Delaware, Miss America-Delaware (1996)
1971Pam Schaffrath, Chicago IL, female catcher (Colo Silver Bullets)
1972Percell Gaskins, linebacker (Carolina Panthers)
1973Alek Stojanov, Windsor, NHL right wing (Pitts Penguins)
1973Barbara Rittner, Krefeld German FR, tennis star (1992 Schenectady)
1973Paige Gordon, North Vancouver BC, diver (Olympics-16-92, 96)
1973Wes Martin, Calgary Alta, golfer (1990 Alberta Jr Masters-2nd)
1974Brad Hassell, Australian soccer striker (Olyroos, Olympics-96)
1974Libor Prochazka, hockey defenseman (Team Czech Oly-Gold-1998)
1974Tricia Dunn, ice hockey forward (USA, Oly-98)
1974Twan Russell, linebacker (Washington Redskins)
1975Jacque Jones, San Diego CA, baseball outfielder (Olympics-bronze-96)
1975Ruben Gomez, rocker (Menudo-Cannonball)
1976Tim Duncan, NBA forward (San Antonio Spurs)
1977Jonathan Angel, SF Calif, actor (Tommy Delucca-Saved By The Bell)
1977Marguerite Moreau, actress (Connie-Mighty Ducks, D2, D3)
1985Jonathan Halyalkar, Ramsey NJ, actor (Billy-Who's the Boss)

Famous deaths for this day Events  Birthdays

0974 Ratherius of Verona/Liege, bishop/abbot, dies at about 84
1295 Sancho IV, the Brave, scholar/king of Castile/León, dies
1342 Benedict XII, [Jacques Fournier], Pope (1334-42), dies
1472 Leon Battista degli Alberti, scupltor/musician (Dinner Pieces), dies
1482 Margaret of Anjou, Queen (Henry VI), dies
1566 Diane de Poitiers, lover of French King Henry II, dies
1595 Torquato Tasso, Italian poet/playwright, dies at 51
1607 Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle
1607 Jacob van Heemskerck, Dutch Admiral (Nova Zambia), dies in battle
1635 Alessandro Tassoni, Ital political writer (Rape of Bucket), dies at 69
1647 Matthias Gallas, Austrian earl of Campo/duke of Lucerna, dies at 62
1663 Heinrich Pape, composer, dies at 53
1690 David Teniers the Younger, Flemish painter (Pictorium), dies at 79
1728 John Woodward, geologist/physician, dies
1744 Anders Celsius, Swed astronomer (Centegrade Thermometer), dies at 42
1792 Johann Friedrich Gottlieb Beckmann, composer, dies at 54
1792 Nicolas J Pelletier, Frenchman, 1st guillotined
1800 William Cowper, English lawyer/poet (Olney Hymns), dies at 68
1808 Alois Luigi Tomasini, composer, dies at 66
1813 Louis-Sébastien Mercier, French poet (Le Déserteur), dies at 73
1822 Frederick "William" Herschel, German/British astronomer, dies at 83
1828 John Goldberg, Dutch patriot/statesman, dies at 64
1840 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (Poisson verdeling), dies
1845 Thomas Duncan, painter, dies
1853 William Beaumont, physiologist, dies
1862 Charles Ferguson Smith, US Union Gen-Maj, dies of infection at 55
1873 Walter de la Mare, Engl poet/author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43
1882 Johann CF Zöllner, German astronomer (astro photography), dies
1905 Jacob Olie, Dutch photographer, dies at about 70
1906 John Knowles Paine, US composer, dies at 67
1915 Nicola d' Arienzo, composer, dies at 72
1925 George Stephanescu, composer, dies at 81
1926 Ellen K S Key, Swed author/feminist (Century of the Child), dies at 76
1928 Pjotr N Wrangel, Russian baron general, dies at 49
1931 A J Y (Bert) Hopkins, cricketer (20 Tests for Aust, 509 runs), dies
1937 Clem Sohn, air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open
1942 Paul Kornfeld, writer, dies at 52
1943 Vladimir Ivanovich Nemirovich-Danchenko, playwright/director, dies
1946 Albert Knight, cricketer (3 Tests for England on 1903-04 tour), dies
1946 Joseph Vine, cricketer (batted in two Tests Eng v Aust 1911-12), dies
1951 Jerzy Fitelberg, composer, dies at 47
1954 Joseph Hergesheimer, novelist (Java Head), dies
1955 Constance Collier, actress (Perils of Pauline), dies at 77
1955 Paulus B Barth, Swiss painter/lithographer, dies at 73
1960 Amanullah, emir/king of Afhanistan (1919-28), dies at 67
1960 Hope Emerson, actress (I Married Joan, Peter Gunn), dies at 62
1960 Ilmari Henrik Reinhold Krohn, composer, dies at 92
1961 Hans F Blunck, writer, dies
1966 Maurice Roelants, Belgian author (Prayer for a Good End), dies at 70
1969 Margarita Xirgu, actress (Bloody Wedding), dies at 80
1970 Anita Louise, actress (Gorilla, Anthony Adverse), dies at about 55
1971 Max Drischner, composer, dies at 80
1972 George Sanders, actor (Mr Freeze-Batman, Ivanhoe), dies at 65
1976 Carol Reed, director (Agony & Ecstasy), dies
1976 Margaret Bannerman, actress (Great Defender), dies at 79
1981 Dixie, a mouse who lived 6« years, dies
1982 Celia Johnson, actress (Brief Encounter, Happy Breed), dies at 73
1982 Don Wilson, TV announcer (Jack Benny Show), dies at 81
1982 John Cody, US cardinal/archbishop of Chicago (1965-82), dies at 74
1982 Paul de Vree, Flemish writer/essayist (Round Table), dies
1982 William R Burnett, US, writer (Asphalt Jungle), dies at 82
1984 Richard Benedict, actor (Okinawa), dies at 64 of a heart attack
1985 Murray Matheson, actor (Felix-Banacek), dies at 72
1985 Richard Haydn, British actor (Mutiny on the Bounty), dies at 80
1988 Boris Kremenliev, composer, dies at 76
1988 Carolyn Franklin, singer/songwriter/son of Aretha, dies at 43
1988 Clifford D[onald] Simak, sci-fi author (Hugo, Way Station), dies at 83
1989 George Coulouris, actor (Papillon, Runaway Bus), dies at 85
1990 Dexter Gordon, Jazz saxophonist, dies of kidney failure at 67
1991 Frank Hamilton, actor (Subterraneans), dies at 66
1991 Theo Laseroms, [Tank], Dutch soccer player (Feyenoord), dies
1992 Brian Macleod, Canadian musician, dies of cancer at 39
1992 Dany [Daniël S] Tuijnman, Dutch min of traffic & water, dies at 77
1992 Panos Christi, entertainer, dies of AIDS at 54
1992 Yutaka Ozaki, Japanese rock artist, dies at 26 of pulmonary edema
1993 Rosita Moreno, actress (Walls of Gold), dies of heart attack at 85
1994 David Langton, British actor (Upstairs Downstairs), dies at 82
1994 George Gennimatas, Greek minister of National Economy, dies at 55
1994 Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Moslem leader, shot dead at 32
1995 Art Fleming, game show host (Jeopardy), dies at 74
1995 Francis Henry Smith, librarian, dies at 85
1995 Ginger Rogers, actress/dancer (Top Hat, Stage Door), dies at 83
1995 Joseph Heifitz, film director, dies at 89
1996 John Eustace Theodore Brancker, lawyer/parliamentarian, dies at 87
1996 John Lorne Campbell, folklorist, dies at 90
1996 Saul Bass, designer, dies at 74

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman