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Welcome to It's History! for yesterday, Monday, September 1, 2014.
On this day in history Birthdays  Deaths

0069 Traditional date of destruction of Jerusalem
0891 Northmen defeated near Louvaine, France
1067 Boudouin VI becomes earl of Flanders
1181 Ubaldo Allucingoli replaces Alexander III as Pope Lucius III
1267 Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
1482 Krim-Tataren plunders Kiev
1511 Council to Pisa opens
1535 French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Hochelaga (Montreal)
1547 Charles demands creation of Imperial League (German state)
1598 Spanish king Philip II receives sacraments
1609 Pieter Both sworn in as 1st gov-gen of East Indies
1614 Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany
1632 Battle at Castelnaudary: Henri de Montmorency's rebellion army loses
1638 -4] French queen-mother Maria de' Medici visits Amsterdam
1647 French cardinal Mazarin & duke of Modena sign treaty against Milan
1661 1st Yacht race, England's King Charles vs his brother James
1666 Great London Fire begins in Pudding Lane. 80% of London is destroyed
1689 Russia began taxing men's beards
1695 Dutch/English army under king Willem III occupies Names
1730 Benjamin Franklin marries Miss Read
1739 35 Jews sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon Portugal
1752 Liberty Bell arrives in Phila
1772 Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
1785 Mozart publishes 6 string quartet opus 10 in Vienna
1797 2nd National Meeting in Hague
1798 England signs treaty with nizam of Hyderabad, India
1799 Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
1807 Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire
1821 1st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
1831 Charles Darwin travels aboard HMS Beagle
1836 Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem
1849 California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey
1858 1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
1859 1st Pullman sleeping car in service
1859 R C Carrington & R Hodgson make 1st observation of solar flare
1861 Grant assumes command of Federal forces at Cape Girardeau MI
1861 Skirmish at Boone Court House WV & Blue Creek WV
1862 Battle at Chantilly (Ox Hill) Virginia (2100 casualties)
1862 Federal tax levied on tobacco
1863 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
1863 Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
1863 RR & ferry connection between SF & Oakland inaugurated
1864 2nd day of battle at Jonesboro Georgia, about 3,000 casualties
1864 Battle of Petersburg VA
1864 Skirmish at Hood evacuated confederates from Atlanta GA
1865 Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery
1866 Last Navaho chief Manuelito, turns self in at Fort Wingate
1867 Robert T Freeman is 1st black to graduate from Harvard Dental School
1870 Napoleon III captured at Sedan
1874 28th Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Conn takes office
1874 Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
1878 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
1886 Neth's New Code of Criminal law enforced
1887 Dutch Amateur Photography Cooperation established
1888 Dutch Railway Deventer-Almelo opens
1890 1st baseball tripleheader-Boston vs Pittsburgh
1898 Dutch soccer team Receiver forms
1898 Lord Kitcheners army bombs Omdurman Sudan
1901 Construction begins on NY Stock Exchange
1902 Tinker, Evers, & Chance appear together for 1st time
1905 Alberta & Saskatchewan become 8th & 9th Canadian provinces
1906 Alberta adopts Mountain Standard Time
1906 British New Guinea becomes Australian Papua New Guinea
1906 Joseph Harris (Boston) & Jack Coombs (A's) pitch complete 24 inn game
1906 NY Highlanders win 6th game in 3 days from Wash (3 straight DHs)
1906 Papua placed under Australian administration
1911 M Fourny sets world aircraft distance record of 720 km
1913 George Bernard Shaws "Androcles & the Lion," premieres in London
1913 Yuan Shikai captures Nanjing "2nd Chinese revolution"
1914 34th US Mens Tennis: R Norris W III beats M E McLoughlin (63 86 10-8)
1914 Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris
1914 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
1914 Von Glucks army meets up with British expeditionary army
1916 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
1916 Keating-Owen Act (child labor banned from interstate commerce)
1918 Baseball season ends due to WW I
1918 Ty Cobb pitches 2 innings against Browns
1918 US troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia, stay until 1920
1919 Frank Wedekind's "Herakles," premieres in Munich
1920 France creates Lebanon
1920 New townhall of Rotterdam opens
1921 Nederlander Theater opens at 208 W 41 St NYC (Billy Rose, Trafalgar)
1922 NYC law requires all "pool" rooms to change name to "billiards"
1923 18th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in New York (4-1)
1923 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo & Yokohama, kills 142,000
1923 US beats Australia in tennis, for their 4th straight Davis Cup
1924 Kenchoji Rinzai temple in Kamakur Japan, heavily damaged by earthquake
1925 Pierre de Coubertin steps down as chairman of Intl Olympic Committee
1926 British Columbia Rugby Football Union forms
1926 Turkey allows civil marriage
1928 Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
1930 NY World reports disappearance of supreme court justice Joseph Crater
1931 Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days & his 6th HR in consec games
1932 NYC Mayor James J "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker resigns (graft charges)
1933 Soccer team DVS '33 forms
1934 Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced
1936 Middleweight Staff Roth KOs Heinz Lazek
1937 4th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 6, Green Bay 0 (84,560)
1937 Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
1938 Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews
1939 Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill
1939 Last day of 1st-class cricket in England for 6 years
1939 Physical Review publishes 1st paper to deal with "black holes"
1939 Switzerland proclaims neutrality
1939 WW II starts, Germany invades Poland, takes Danzig
1940 Gen George Marshall sworn in as chief of staff of US army
1941 Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow Jewish star
1942 Fed judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans
1942 German troops land on Taman peninsula
1944 Bulgaria govt of Bagrjanow, resigns
1944 King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal
1945 Japan surrenders ending WW II (US date, 9/2 in Japan)
1945 Phillies Vince DiMaggio ties NL record with 4th grand slam of season
1946 1st US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Patty Berg
1946 Greece votes for monarchy
1947 NY Giants 183-185 HR of year breaks Yankee mark of 182 in 1936
1948 Bradman scores 143 Aust v South of England, 17 fours 1 six
1948 Communist form North China People's Republic
1948 UN's World Health Organization forms
1949 1st network detective series-Private Eyes-premieres
1949 KMTV TV channel 3 in Omaha, NB (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
1949 Viljo Heino runs world record 10k (29:27.2)
1950 13 North Korean divisions open assault on UN lines
1950 West Berlin granted a constitution
1951 PM Ben-Gurion orders establishment of Israeli secret service Mossad
1951 US, Australia & New Zealand sign ANZUS treaty
1952 Sutro Baths, SF purchased by George Whitney
1952 Willem Drees forms new Dutch govt
1953 101°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Sept
1953 Fokker begins building F-27 Fokker Friendship
1953 WNOK (now WLTX) TV channel 19 in Columbia, SC (CBS) 1st broadcast
1953 WTCN (now KARE) TV channel 11 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (MET) begins
1954 Hurricane Carol strikes Long Island/New England, kills 68
1954 Ted Kluszewski is 1st Cin Red to hit 40 HRs en route to 49
1955 2 Egyptian fighters shot down over Israel
1955 KARD (now KSNW) TV channel 3 in Wichita, KS (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 Indian state of Tripura becomes a territory
1956 KELP (now KCOS) TV channel 13 in El Paso, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 Excursion train crashed into a ravine killing 175, injuring 400
1957 WAVY TV channel 10 in Portsmouth-Norfolk, VA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 WHC (now WPXI) TV channel 11 in Pittsburgh, PA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1957 WTLV TV channel 12 in Jacksonville, FL (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1958 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Opie Turner Golf Open
1958 St Louis Card Vinegar Bend Mizell walks a record 9 men in a shutout
1960 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
1960 Robert Bolt's "Man For All Seasons," premieres in London
1961 1st conference of neutral countries held in Belgrade
1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1962 12,000 die in an earthquake in western Iran
1962 KATC TV channel 3 in Lafayette, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1962 UN announces Earth population has hit 3 billion
1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1963 Language laws in Belgium goes into effect causing a riot
1963 St Louis Cards pitcher Curt Simmons steals home plate
1963 WCTI TV channel 12 in New Bern, NC (ABC) begins broadcasting
1964 Masanori Murakami is 1st Japanese player in majors (NY Mets)
1965 India & Pakistan border fights
1966 KIFW (now KTNL) TV channel 13 in Sitka, AK (CBS) begins broadcasting
1967 KMNE TV channel 7 in Bassett, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 SF Giants beat Cincinnati Reds, 1-0, in 21 innings
1967 WIRT TV channel 13 in Hibbing, MN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1967 WJRJ (WTCG, WTBS) TV channel 17 in Atlanta, GA (IND) begins
1968 Carol Mann wins LPGA Willow Park Ladies Golf Invitational
1968 Earthquake destroys Ferdows Persia, 2,000 killed
1968 Pirate Radio Marina (Netherlands) begins transmitting
1969 Jerry Lewis' 4th Muscular Dystrophy telethon
1969 Libyan revolution, Col Moammar Gadhafi deposes King Idris
1970 Failed assassination attempt on Jordanian king Hussain
1970 José Velasco Ibarra re-elected president of Ecuador
1971 John Newcombe is 1st top-seed man to lose in 1st round of US Open
1971 Qatar declares independence from Britain
1971 Rolling Stones sue manager Allen Klein
1972 Bobby Fischer (US) defeats Boris Spassky (USSR) for world chess title
1972 Egypt & Libya form federation
1973 74-year-old Hafnia Hotel burns, killing 35 (Copenhagen, Denmark)
1973 George Foreman KOs Jose "King" Roman in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1974 Dutch law against pirate radio goes into effect
1974 Jane Blalock/Sue Roberts wins LPGA Southgate Ladies Golf Open
1974 Train accident at Zagreb Yugoslavia, 121 killed
1975 All political parties forbidden in Bangladesh
1975 Gunsmoke resigns the air
1975 Jerry Lewis' 10th Muscular Dystrophy telethon
1975 KOL-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KMPS
1975 NY Met Tom Seaver is 1st to strike out 200 in 8 consecutive seasons
1975 NYC transit fare rises from 35› to 50›
1976 NASA launches space vehicle S-197
1976 NJ Meadowlands racetrack opens
1976 Wayne L Hays, (Rep-D-Oh), resigns (scandal with Elizabeth Ray)
1977 1st TRS-80 Model I computer sold
1977 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1978 Indians' Sammy Stewart tosses 7 consecutive strikeouts (vs Balt)
1978 Last broadcast of "Columbo" on NBC TV
1978 Jacqueline Smith of Great Britain scores 10 straight dead center strikes on a 4" disk in World Parachute Championships in Yugoslavia
1978 #4655 Marjoriika, #4814 Casacci, #5344 Ryabov, #6262 Javid & #8064
1979 Debbie Boone & Gabriel Ferrer wed in LA
1979 LA Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Lone Ranger mask
1979 Pioneer 11 makes 1st fly-by of Saturn, discovers new moon, rings
1980 Dutch embassy in Israel moves from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv
1980 Jerry Lewis' 15th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $31,103,787
1980 Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1981 Fiona Brothers sets women's propeller boat speed record (116.279 MPH)
1981 Milt coup under general Kolingba in Cent Afr Rep, Pres Dacko flees
1981 RKO radio network is 1st to offer 2 separate overnight services
1981 RKO radio network premieres America Overnight talk show
1982 Caryl Churchill's "Top Girls," premieres in London
1982 Max speedometer reading mandated at 85 MPH
1982 Mexico President Lopez Portillo nationalizes banks
1982 Palestinian Liberation Organization leaves Lebanon
1983 Korean Boeing 747 strays into Siberia & is shot down by a Soviet jet
1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1983 WGH-AM in Newport News VA changes call letters to WNSY
1985 Cyclist Joop Zoetemelk becomes world champion
1985 US-French expedition locates wreckage of Titanic off Newfoundland
1986 Betsy King wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1986 Jerry Lewis' 21st Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $34,096,733
1986 Paul McCartney releases "Press to Play" album
1986 Texas Rangers O McDowell & Porter are 7th to hit consecutive pinch HRs
1987 15 yr old Michael Chang is youngest man to win US Tennis Open match
1987 Smoking forbidden in public buildings in Belgium
1988 Timberlake Westenbaker's "Our Country's Good," premieres in London
1989 "Anything Goes" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 804 performances
1989 Princess Anne & Mark Phillips announce their separation
1990 "Heidi Chronicles" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 621 perfs
1990 "Jerome Robbins' Broadway" closes at Imperial NYC after 634 perfs
1990 Gelindo Bordin sets European marathon record (2:14:02)
1990 Highest combined CFL score (111), Toronto Argonauts beat BC 68-43
1991 Hiromi Taniguchi wins 3rd world championship marathon (2:14:57)
1991 Richard J Kerr, serves as acting director of CIA
1992 NYC police commisioner Brown resigns
1992 Tommy Smothers undergoes arthroscopic surgery
1993 "White Liars/Black Comedy" opens at Criterion NYC for 38 perfs
1993 Goran Ivanisevic & Daniel Nestor play longest tie-break in US Tennis
1995 Infinity Radio agrees to voluntarily pay $1.7 million to US Treasury
1995 NYC reinstates the death penalty
1995 Rock & Roll Hall of Fame opens in Cleveland Ohio
1996 Balt Ravens (Cleve Browns) 1st NFL game, beat Oakland Raiders, 17-14
1997 "Doll's House," closes at Belasco Theater
1997 Cartoon Channel premieres in Japan
1997 Cindy Figg-Currier wins LPGA State Farm Rail Classic
1997 Jerry Lewis' 32nd Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $50,500,000

Famous birthdays for this day Events  Deaths

1529Taddeo Zuccari, Italian painter
1549Charles Philip of Croij, marquis of Havré/earl of Fontenoy, etc
1608Giacomo Torelli, composer
1653Johann Pachelbel, composer
1689Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, Bavarian master builder (Prague)
1711Willem IV KH Friso, Dutch prince of Orange-Nassau
1712Simon Fokke, Dutch book illustrator
1724John Nieuwenhuijzen, theologist/co-founder (Society of It General)
1732Johann Gottlieb Sollner, composer
1732Thomas Alexander Erskine Kelly, composer
1751Emmanuel Johann Joseph Schikaneder, composer [or Apr 9]
1758Wilhelmus Kist, writer/director of Dutch Staatscourant
1768Carl Bernhard Wessely, composer
1787John Bake, classical composer
1789Franz Anton Adam Stockhausen, composer
1791Lydia Sigourney, US, religious author (How to Be Happy)
1798Richard Delafield, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1873
1803Jacobus T Abels, Dutch painter
1816Gustav Schmidt, composer
1824Isaac Hardin Duval, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
1827Jacobus J Cremer, painter/author (Overbetuwsche Novellen)
1829James Conner, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
1834Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (I promissory note sposi)
1845Paul S Methuen, English fieldmarshal/governor of Natal/Malta
1849Elizabeth Harrison, US, educator (Natl Congress of Parents & Teachers)
1854Engelbert Humperdinck, Germany, opera composer (Parisfal)
1856Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet/interpreter (Laodania)
1862Adolphe Appia, Swiss set designer/theorist
1862Alphons Diepenbrock, Dutch composer [or Sept 2]
1864Roger David Casement, Irish nationalist (Easter uprising 1916)
1866James "Gentleman Jim" Corbett, heavyweight champion boxer (1892-97)
1870Timotei Popovici, composer
1873Guy Standing, English actor (Cradle Song)
1874Heinrich Otto Ludwig, composer
1874Ismar Elbogen, German/US rabbi (Encyclopedia Judaica)
1875Edgar Rice Burroughs, US, sci-fi author (Tarzan of Apes, Mars Saga)
1886Othmar Schoeck, composer
1887Blaise Cendrars, [Frédéric Sauser-Hall], Swiss poet/writer
1887Otto Eissfeldt, German old testament scholar
1893Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Japans/US painter/etcher/lithographer
1895Edit Angold, Germany, actor (Suspense, Molly, Blue Angel)
1898Marilyn Miller, [Renolds], US actress (Sunny)/wife of Jack Pickford
1900Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht)
1900Kazimierz Wilkomirski, composer
1900Richard Arlen, Virginia, actor (Alice in Wonderland, Crawling Hand)
1904Johnny Mack Brown, Dothan AL, actor (Lawman is Born, Back Trail)
1904Ray Flaherty, AFL/NFL/AAFC coach (NY Giants)
1905Gervase Hughes, composer
1907Joaquin Balaguer, president Dominican Republic
1907Walter Reuther, labor leader/president (UAW & CIO)
1908Jean Crepin, soldier/industrialist
1910Jack Hawkins, London, actor (Ben-Four Just Men, Zulu, Malta Story)
1911Komei Abe, composer
1911Marinus Ruppert, Dutch chairman (CNV)/trade union leader
1916Sydney Dawson Bailey, pacifist/campaigner
1920Hubert Lampo, Flemish writer/essayist (Coming of Joachim Stiller)
1920Richard Farnsworth, LA Calif, actor (Misery, Havana, Sylvester)
1921Matt Higgins Doran, composer
1921Willem Frederik Hermans, Dutch writer (Mandarins on Sulfuric Acid)
1922Melvin R Laird, (Rep-R-Mich), US Secretary of Defense (1969-73)
1922Vittorio Gassman, Genoa Italy, actor (War & Peace)
1922Yvonne De Carlo, Vancouver BC, actress (10 Commandments, Munsters)
1923Rocky Marciano, heavyweight champion boxer (1952-56)
1923Theo H Joekes, journalist/Dutch MP (VVD)
1925Art[hur E] Pepper, US, alto saxophonist
1925Ruth S White, composer
1927Tommy Evans, rocker (Drifters)
1928George Maharis, actor (Rich Man, Poor Man, Route 66)
1931"Boxcar" Willie, singer
1931Matthew J Rinaldo, (Rep-R-NJ, 1973- )
1933Ann Richards, (Gov-D-Tx)
1933Conway Twitty, [Harold Jenkins], Miss, country singer (Hello Darlin')
1933Tom Vreugdenhil, Dutch MP (CDA)
1935Seiji Ozawa, Hoten Manchuria, conductor (Boston Symphony Orchestra)
1937Al Geiberger, Red Bluff CA, PGA golfer (1962 Ontario Open)
1937Ron O'Neal, Utica NY, actor (Superfly)
1938Alan Dershowitz, NYC, attorney (Claus Von Bulow, OJ Simpson)
1938Art Agnos, US, politician(?)
1938George Maharis, Astoria NY, actor (Buz-Route 66, Most Deadly Game)
1939Heinrich Messner, Austria, downhill skier (Olympic-bronze-1972)
1939Katie Webster, [Swamp-Boogie Queen]/US R&B pianist/singer
1939Lily Tomlin, Detroit, comedienne/actress (9 to 5, Laugh-in, All of Me)
1941Sid Pye, drummer
1942C[arolyn] J[anice] Cherry, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Faded Sun Trilogy)
1943Pat Connolly-Daniels-Winslow-Banks, US pentathlete (Olympics-7th-1968)
1944Archie Bell, US singer (& the Drells-Tighten up)
1944Don Stroud, Honolulu Hawaii, actor (Coogan's Bluff, Buddy Holly Story)
1944Leonard Slatkin, LA Calif, conductor (Concert Orch, Neth)
1946Barry Gibb, Manchester England, guitarist/singer (Bee Gees)
1946Erich Schärer, Switzerland, 2 man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1980)
1946Greg Errico, US drummer (Sly & Family Stone-Stand!)
1946Gregg Errico, rocker (Sly & Family Stone)
1951Timothy Zahn, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Cobra Strike)
1953Chuck Orton, US sysop, (Emerald BBS, Oregon)
1954Gabor Ormai, viola Player
1955Bruce Foxton, rock guitarist (Jam)
1957Gloria Estefan, [Fajardo], Havana, singer (Miami Sound Machine-Conga)
1959Keith Allen Clearwater, Long Beach CA, PGA golfer (1987 Colonial Natl)
1961Bam Bam Bigelow, Secaucus NJ, WWF wrestler (Wrestlemania XI)
1962Robert L Haller, coon Dog Trainer
1962Ruud Gullit, Suriname/Dutch soccer star (Feyenoord, PSV, AC Milan)
1963Carola Smit, Dutch singer (BZN-Bad bad woman)
1963David Zhuang, China, US table tennis player (Olympics-96)
1965Aldo Swager, soccer player (SC Heerenveen)
1965Hardy Nickerson, NFL linebacker (Tampa Bay Bucs)
1966Katja Bienert, Berlin Germany, actress (Praxis Bulowbogen)
1966Stephane Talbot, Greenfield Park Que, golfer (1992 Quebec PGA)
1966Tim Hardaway, NBA guard (Miami Heat)
1968Mardi Lunn, Liverpool Australia, LPGA golfer (1994 McDonald's-17th)
1968Michelle Buckingham, LA Calif, Canadian 61 kg judoka (Olymp-20-92, 96)
1970Barbara Paulus, Vienna Austria, tennis star
1970Flora Perfetti, Faenza Italy, tennis star
1970Jodi Lambert, Australian 100m/200m sprinter (Olympics-96)
1971Gabe Wilkins, NFL defensive end (GB Packers-Super Bowl 31)
1971Moses Kiptanui, Kenyan 3K runner (world record)
1972Eiman Thakeb, Miss Egypt Universe (1997)
1972Josh Davis, US, 800m freestyle swimmer (Olympics-gold-96)
1972Louise Dobson, Shepparton Aust, field hockey fullback (Olympics-96)
1972Matt O'Dwyer, NFL guard (NY Jets)
1973Gillian Boxx, Fontana CA, softball catcher (Olympics-gold-96)
1973Trent Bray, NZ, 100m/200m swimmer (Olympics-96)
1986H Debehogne discovers asteroid #8265 La Silla

Famous deaths for this day Events  Birthdays

1067 Boudouin V, earl of Flanders/guardian of king of France, dies
1159 Adrian IV, [Nicole Breakspear], only English pope (1154-59), dies
1215 Otto van Gelre, son of Otto I/earl-elect of Utrecht
1406 Johanna, duchess of Brabant/Limburg (Joyful Entry), dies at 84
1557 Jacques Cartier, French explorer, dies (birth date unknown)
1648 Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (Number of Mersenne), dies at 59
1666 French Neck, portrait painter (Women Portrait), dies at about 86
1671 Hugues de Lionne marquis de Berny, French ambassador to Rome, dies
1680 Johan Georg II, ruler of Saxon (1656-80), dies at 67
1715 Louis XIV, the great, king of France (1643-1715), dies at 76
1731 Pierre Danican Philidor, composer, dies at 50
1777 Johann Ernst Bach, composer, dies at 55
1780 Reynier de Klerk, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies (1777-1800), dies at 69
1801 Robert Bage, English writer (Hermsprong), dies
1814 Erik Eriksson Tulindberg, composer, dies at 53
1838 William Clark, 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 68
1862 Isaac Ingalls Stevens, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 44
1862 Oliver Tilden, of the Bronx, killed in Civil War in Virginia
1862 Philip "Phil" Kearny, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 48
1867 Edward Hodges, composer, dies at 71
1880 Antoon Jurgens, margarine maker, dies at 75
1896 Johannes Habert, composer, dies at 62
1903 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neo criticism), dies
1912 Sam[uel E] van Beem, actor (Dollar Princess), dies at 62
1912 Samuel Coleridge Taylor, African-British composer, dies at 37
1914 Martha, last known passenger pigeon, dies at Cincinnati Zoo
1941 Benjamin Dwight, US tennis championship umpire, dies
1945 Jacobus W G Balfoort, Dutch actor (Heimwee, Head On), dies at 57
1951 Wolfgang Schulze, [Wols], German drawer/painter, dies at 38
1955 Philip Loeb, actor (Jake-Goldbergs), dies at 61
1957 Helen Haye, actress (Girl in the Taxi, Spy in Black), dies at 83
1961 Eero Saarinen, Finnish/US architect (Dulles Airport), dies at 51
1961 William S Foster, chairman (US Communist Party, 1945-57), dies at 80
1963 Guy Burgess, British spy for the USSR
1963 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor, dies at 73
1964 George Georgescu, composer, dies at 76
1967 Ilja Ehrenburg, writer, dies at 76
1967 Siegfried L Sassoon, English poet/writer (Counterattack), dies at 80
1968 Granville English, composer, dies at 69
1969 Drew Pearson, newscaster (Drew Pearson), dies at 71
1969 William Flanagan, composer, dies at 46
1970 François Mauriac, writer, dies
1972 May Aufderheide, composer, dies at 84
1977 Ethel Waters, actress (Beulah)/singer (Stormy Weather), dies at 76
1978 Olga de Haas, Dutch ballerina, dies at 33
1979 Doris Kenyon, silent screen actress (Alexander Hamilton), dies at 81
1981 Albert Speer, German NSDAP-architect/minister of Army at 76
1981 Ann Harding, actress (When Ladies Meet, Devotion), dies
1981 Bui Thanh Liem, Vietnam, cosmonaut, dies in Mig-21 crash at 32
1982 Clifford M Curzon, England, pianist, dies at 75
1982 Wladislaw Gomulka, Polish partisan/party leader, dies at 76
1983 Henry "Scoop" Jackson, (Sen-D-Wash), dies at 71
1983 Lennox Brown, cricket leg spinner (3 wickets at 63 for S Africa), dies
1984 Howland Chamberlin, actor (Force of Evil, Pickup), dies at 73
1986 Murray Hamilton, actor (Rich Man Poor Man), dies at 63
1988 Leonor Sullivan, (Rep-D-Missouri, 1955-77), dies at 86
1989 A Bartlett Giamatti, baseball commissioner, dies of heart attack at 51
1991 Elise Hoomans, actress/director (Medea/Virginia Woolf?, dies)
1991 Mark Robinson, British actor (The Girl), dies at 30
1991 Steve Kemp, British light enterpeneur, dies
1992 Morris Carnovsky, US actor (Dead Reckoning), dies at 94
1993 Gerben Wagenaar, resistance fighter/communist, dies at 80
1993 Hew Lorimer, British sculptor, dies at 86
1993 Jacqueline Wijchers, film publicist (Havenloods, Sextant), dies at 89
1994 Clifford Leofric Purdy Bishop, bishop, dies at 88
1994 Pieter C "Piet" Author, sailor/corrector, dies at 71
1994 Wallis Mathias, cricketer (scored 783 in 21 Tests for Pakistan), dies
1995 Elizabeth Brown, minister healer/writer, dies at 32
1995 Ernest Charles Melvin Patrick Ekundio Marke, club Owner, dies at 93
1996 Brother Adam Kehrle, benedictine monk/beekeeper, dies at 98
1996 Charles Daniels, archaeologist, dies at 63
1996 George Levy, antique dealer/heritage campaigner, dies at 69
1996 Vagn Holmboe, composer, dies at 86

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman