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Welcome to It's History! for yesterday, Thursday, October 23, 2014.
On this day in history Birthdays  Deaths

0585 Burgundy king Guntram opens synod of Mƒcon (Mastico)
0787 Byzantine empress Irene recovers Iconclastic cult at Nicaea
1086 Battle of Zalaka: Alfonso VI vs Almoravids
1229 Otto II becomes earl of Gelre
1520 King Carlos I crowned, German emperor Charles V
1588 Medina Sidonia's Spanish Armada returns to Santander
1642 Battle at Edgeville (Warwick): King Charles I vs English parliament
1644 Sea battle of Fehmarn Sont: Adm Thijssen beats Denen
1668 Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage in retail trade
1679 Meal Tub Plot against James II of England
1681 French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Staatsburg
1684 Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted
1690 Revolt in Haarlem after public ban on smoking
1702 -24] Battle in Bay of Vigo: Neth/Engl fleet destroy Span/French fleet
1760 1st Jewish prayer books printed in US
1775 Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army
1790 Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
1805 Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340
1812 Failed coup against emperor Napoleon
1814 1st plastic surgery is performed (England)
1824 1st steam locomotive is introduced
1853 Maastricht-Aken railway in Neth opens
1854 The Times give precise British positions in Krim
1864 Battle of Westport, Missouri
1864 Union Gen Samuel R Curtis defeats Conf Gen Stirling Price
1871 Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
1876 New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
1884 1st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats NY Mets (AA) 6-0
1886 St Louis Browns win World Championship by beating Chicago 4-3 in 10
1888 Pelham Bay Park in Bronx, vested
1890 Opera "Prince Igor" is produced (St Petersburg)
1893 C Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in NYC (27 seasons)
1905 Edward Milton Royle's "Squaw Man," premieres in NYC
1910 Blanche Scott became 1st woman solo a public airplane flight
1910 Phila A's beat Chicago Cubs 4 games to 1 in 7th World Series
1910 Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens: 200 chambers/100 bathtubs
1915 1st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa)
1915 25,000 women march in NYC, demanding right to vote
1917 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st US shot in WW I
1917 Lenin speaks against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin & Trotsky
1918 Actor Charlie Chaplin (29) weds Mildred Harris (17)
1919 Romberg & Atteridge's musical "Passing Show," premieres in NYC
1920 Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, & Bill Burns as go-betweens in Black Sox World Series scandal
1921 Green Bay Packers play 1st NFL game, 7-6 win over Minneapolis
1921 Leos Janacek's opera "K t'a Kabanov ," premieres in Brno
1922 Channing Pollock's "Fool," premieres in NYC
1922 Conservative A Bonar forms new govt in England
1923 Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a Giants uniform
1923 Giants defeat Balt Orioles 9-0 to benefit former Giants owner John Day
1927 Town of Netanya Israel founded by Nathan Strauss
1932 "Fred Allen Show" premieres on radio
1932 Pieter G Marais, S Afr minister of Education/Development aid
1934 Jean Piccard & Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)
1935 Gabby Hartnett selected NL MVP
1935 Johnny Revolta wins PGA golf tournament
1941 Walt Disney's "Dumbo" released
1942 1st ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
1942 During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
1942 German units go through Red October-factory in Stalingrad
1943 1st Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
1943 Burma railway opens
1944 1st Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
1944 Gulf of Leyte battle begin
1944 Soviet army invades Hungary
1944 Vice-adm Kurita's sailboat Atago sinks
1945 Jackie Robinson signs Montréal Royal contract
1946 UN General Assembly 2nd session convenes (1st NYC-Flushing Meadows)
1947 NAACP petition on racism, "An Appeal to the World" presented to UN
1947 Husband & wife Dr Carl Cori & Dr Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes
1953 France grants Laos' sovereignty
1953 German FR applies to NATO
1953 WTRF TV channel 7 in Wheeling-Steubenville, WV (CBS) 1st broadcast
1954 Britain, England, France & USSR agree to end occupation of Germany
1954 German FR joins NATO
1954 Pakistan governor-general Ghoelan Mohammed disbands parliament
1954 WSAU TV channel 7 in Wausau, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 Dominican League moves to winter baseball for 1st time
1956 1st video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast
1956 Revolt against Stalinist policies begins in Hungary
1957 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3
1958 De Gaulle offers Algerians defiance "peace of the brave"
1958 Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak, wins Nobel Prize for Literature
1958 USSR lends money to UAR to build Aswan High Dam
1959 Chinese troops move into India, 17 die
1961 "Kwamina" opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 32 performances
1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1962 Adlai Stevenson speaks at UN about Cuba crisis
1962 USAF Major Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 40,800m
1962 WCIV TV channel 4 in Charleston, SC (NBC) begins broadcasting
1963 Neil Simon's "Barefoot in the Park," premieres in NYC
1964 Japanese beat Russian for 1st Olympic Gold in woman's volleyball
1964 Time Magazine uses term "op art" for 1st time
1966 Sandra Spuzich/Jack Rule wins Haig & Haig Scotch Mixed Foursome Golf
1967 "Henry, Sweet Henry" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 80 performances
1967 NJ Americans (later NY/NJ Nets) play 1st ABA game
1968 "Maggie Flynn" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 82 performances
1968 Kip Keino (Kenya) wins gold medal for 1,500m (3 min 34.9 sec)
1969 "Jimmy" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 84 performances
1970 Gary Gabelich sets auto speed record 622.4 mph (1,001 kph)
1971 WXLT (now WWSB) TV channel 40 in Sarasota-Bradenton, FL (ABC) begins
1972 "Pippin" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 1944 performances
1972 Access credit cards introduced in Great Britain
1972 WNJS TV channel 23 in Camden, NJ (PBS) begins broadcasting
1973 Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge Sirica
1973 UN's revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
1973 Yankee GM & pres Lee MacPhail named AL president
1974 Cubs trade Billy Williams to A's for Manny Trillo, Knowles & Locker
1974 Lake Isaac in Cleveland Metroparks' Big Creek Reservation dedicated
1975 Battle between Cuba & South Africa troops in Angola
1975 Islander Glenn Resch's 5th shut-out opponent-Flyers 3-0
1977 7th NYC Women's Marathon won by Miki Gorman in 2:43:10
1977 8th NYC Marathon won by Bill Rodgers in 2:11:38
1977 Panamanians vote 2:1 to approve new Canal treaties
1977 Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces that 34-billion-year-old one-celled fossils, the earliest life forms, had been discovered
1978 CBS raises LP prices to $8.98
1978 China & Japan formally ends 4 decades of dissension
1978 Sid Vicious attempts suicide while at Riker's Detention Center in NYC
1979 Billy Martin is involved in a barroom altercation with Joseph Cooper, a Minn marshmallow salesman. Cooper requires 15 stitches
1980 "Tintypes" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 93 performances
1980 McCosker (168) & Dyson (152) make 319 opening stand cricket, NSW v WA
1980 Soviet PM Nikolai Tichonov succeeds Alexei Kosygin, due to illness
1981 US national debt hits $1 trillion
1983 13th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:27:00
1983 14th NYC Marathon won by Rod Dixon in 2:08:59
1983 400,000 demonstrate in Brussels, against cruise missile
1983 Suicide terrorist truck bomb kills 243 US personnel in Beirut
1984 Cubs Rick Sutcliffe, selected as a unanimous choice as NL Cy Young
1984 NBC airs BBC footage of Ethiopian famine
1984 STS 51-A launch vehicle moves to launch pad
1987 Dutch Govt gived Fokker's Aircraft Ÿ212 million credit
1987 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1987 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1988 Boston Celtics play Spain in Madrid
1988 Robert Bork's supreme court nomination rejected by US Senate
1989 Browns' Bernie Kosar sets club record with a 97-yard TD pass
1989 George Harrison releases "Best of Dark Horse 1976-89" album
1989 Hungary proclaims itself a republic & declares communist rule ended
1989 US 62nd manned space mission STS 34 (Atlantis 5) returns from space
1989 William Nicholson's "Shadowlands," premieres in London
1990 Iraq announces release of 330 French hostages
1991 "Les Miserables," opens at Mogador Theatre, Paris
1991 Clarence Thomas, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
1991 Dr Jack Kevorkian's suicide machine kills 2 women
1993 7 killed by IRA-bomb attack in Belfast
1993 Paramilitia kills 22 demonstrators at Bijbihara Kashmir
1993 Tor Blue Jays beat Phila Phillies, 4 games to 2, in 89th World Series
1994 3rd Solheim Cup: US beats Europe, 13-7 at Greenbrier WV
1996 NY Yankees set record by coming back from 6-0 in World Series game to beat Atlanta Braves 8-6, also set record of 7th straight road win
1997 "Triumph of Love," opens at Royale Theater NYC
1997 At 6:11 AM San Francisco experiences a black out
1997 Dow Jones drops 186.88 pts
1997 Les Alexander, owner of Houston Rockets buys NHL's Edmonton Oilers

Famous birthdays for this day Events  Deaths

1543Juan de la Cueva, Spain, dramatist
1654Johann Bernhard Staudt, composer
1698Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French court architect (Palace de la Concorde)
1713Peter Burmannus Secundus, [Pieter Burman], Dutch classicist
1715Peter II Aleksejevitsj, Emperor of Russia (1727-30)
1752Nicolas Appert, inventor (food canning, bouillon tablet)
1767H Benjamin Constant, [de Rebeque], French politician/writer
1773Pietro Generali, composer
1788Sarah Hale, founder (Seaman's Aid Society of Boston)
1794Joseph Panny, composer
1797John J Rochussen, governor-general of Dutch-Indies (1845-51)
1801Gustav Albert Lortzing, composer
1805Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Nachsommer)
1810[Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli, US feminist/revolutionary (NY Tribune)
1819Isac Baker Woodbury, composer
1820James Monroe Goggin, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1889
1824Thomas Gamble Pitcher, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1828Turner Ashby, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
1835Adlai Stevenson, (D) 23rd VP (1893-97)
1844Louis Riel, Manitoba, leader of insurrection of Métis
1844Robert S Bridges, England, poet laureate (Eros & Psyche)
1846Alexander Andreyevich Archangel'sky, composer
1851Guillaume Couture, composer
1852Jean-Louis Forain, French etcher/lithographer
1868Rama V, [Chulalongkorn], leader of Thailand (-1910)
1869Jacobus H "Koos" Speenhoff, Dutch singer
1880Una O'Connor, Belfast Ireland, actress (David Copperfield)
1893Earnest Julius ™pik, Estonian astronomer (Physics of meteor flight)
1893Jean Absil, Belgian composer (Peau d'Ane)
1899Lilyan Tashman, Brooklyn NY, actor (Bulldog Drummond)
1900Douglas Jardine, cricketer (England's Bodyline captain)
1902Otmar Nussio, composer
1902Otto J Gombosi, Hungarian/US musicologist
1903Milford Dolliole, pioneer jazz drummer
1905Alexander Shamil'yevich Melik-Pashayev, composer
1905Felix Bloch, Swiss/US nuclear physicist (Nobel 1952)
1906Gertrude Ederle, NYC, swimmer (Olympic-gold-1924)
1906Miriam Gideon, composer
1910Hayden Rorke, Bkln NY, actor (Dr Bellows-I Dream of Jeannie)
1910Sally O'Neil, Bayonne NJ, actress (Beggar's Holiday, Moth)
1912Ilse Dörffeldt, Germany, sprint relay (Olympic-1936)
1914Frank (Bruiser) Kinard, NFL, AAFC tackle (Bkln, NY Yankees)
1917Robert Bray, Kalispell Mont, actor (Corey-Lassie, Stagecoach West)
1918James Daly, Wisc, actor (Medical Center)
1918Peggy Moran, actress (Double Date, Horror Island)
1921Tom Manders, Dutch cabaret artist (Dorus)
1922Coleen Gray, Staplehurst Nebraska, actress (Apache Drums)
1922Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot
1923Frank Sutton, Clarksville Tenn, actor (Sgt Carter-Gomer Pyle USMC)
1923Ned Rorem, Richmond Indiana, composer/author (Sky Music)
1925Johnny Carson, Corning Iowa, comedian (Tonight Show, Who Do You Trust)
1925Manos Hadjidakis, Greek composer/conductor (Never on Sunday)
1925Nanni Loy, film director
1927Dezsö Gyarmati, Hungary, water polo player (Olympic-gold-1956, 60, 64)
1927Edward Kienholz, US sculptor (Roxy)
1927Leszek Kolakowski, Polish philosopher (Conversations with the Devil)
1928Alexander Tanev, composer
1928Bella Darvi, [Bayla Wegier], Sosnowiec Poland, actress (Racers)
1928Patrick Peter Sacco, composer
1930Gerard Blain, Paris France, actor (Hatari)
1931Diana Dors, [Fluck], Swindon England, actress (Berserk!, Steaming)
1931Jim Bunning, Phillies pitcher (perfect Game vs Mets 1965)/(Rep-R-Ky)
1932Dimitra Arliss, actress (Rich Man Poor Man II)
1933Tom Dewdney, cricket pace bowler (WI of 50's)
1935Chi Chi Rodriguez, Rio Piedras PR, PGA golfer (1972 Byron Nelson)
1935Zbigniew Rudzinski, composer
1936Barry Sinclair, cricketer (21 Tests for NZ in the 60's, 3 centuries)
1936Philip Kaufman, director (Right Stuff, Henry & June)
1938John Heinz, (Sen-R-PA, 1977- )
1938Jordan Christopher, Youngstown Ohio, actor (Secrets of Midland Heights)
1939Charlie Foxx, US songwriter/soul singer (Mockingbird)
1939Ellie Greenwich, rocker
1940Edison Pelé, Brazil, soccer player extraordinaire (NY Cosmos)
1940Freddie Marsden, Liverpool, rock drummer (Gerry & The Pacemakers)
1941Colin Milburn, cricketer (England bat whose career was cut short)
1941Greg Ridley, bassist (Spooky Tooth-It's All About)
1942Anita Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)
1942Michael Crichton, Chicago, novelist (Andromeda Strain, Congo, Looker)
1944Warren Burton, Chicago IL, actor (Jason Dunlap-Another World
1946Gerda Lenten-Havertong, Surinam, Dutch singer/actress (Sesame St)
1946Miklos Nemeth, Hungary, javelin thrower (Olympic-gold-1976)
1947Greg Ridley, rocker
1950Harry Sacksioni, Dutch guitarist (Around the Corner)
1951Michael Rupert, Denver Colo, actor (Pasadena Playhouse)
1954Ang Lee, director (Ice Storm, Wedding Banquet, Sense & Sensibility)
1956Betsy Nagelsen, St Petersburg FL, tennis star
1956Darrell Pace, Cin Ohio, archer (Oly-2 gold/silver-1976, 84, 88)
1956Dwight Yoakam, Pikeville Ky, country singer (Honky Tonk Man)
1957Louann Fernald San Antonio TX, playmate (Jun, 1979)
1957Sue Ertl, LPGA golfer
1959"Weird Al" Yankovic, Calif, parody singer (Eat It, UHF, Naked Gun)
1959Sam Raimi, actor (Indian Summer, Thou Shalt Not Kill Except)
1962Beatie Edney, London England, actress (Diary of a Mad Old Man)
1962Christo van Rensburg, South Africa, tennis star
1962Daria Scagliola, Italian/Dutch photographer (vuurtorenpostzegels)
1962Doug Flutie, CFL/NFL quarterback (Argonauts, Generals, Bears, Pats)
1962Jaime Yzaga, Peru, tennis star
1962Mike Tomczak, NFL quarterback (Pitts Steelers)
1963David Bedard, Montreal QUE, 3m springboard diver (Oly-84, 88, 92, 96)
1963Katherine Hushaw, Anaheim Ca, playmate (Oct, 1986)
1965Al Leiter, Toms River NJ, pitcher (Florida Marlins, NY Mets)
1967Jaime Yzaga, Lima Peru, tennis star
1967Michael Philbrick, CFL defensive tackle (Hamilton Tiger Cats)
1968Bettina Fulco Villella, Mar Del Plata Arg, tennis star (1993 Futures)
1968Kendall Gammon, NFL center (Pitts Steelers)
1968Kevin Henry, NFL defensive end (Pitts Steelers)
1968Maggie Philgence, St Lucia Castries VI, WPVA (Oly Fest-gold-91)
1969Brooke Theiss, Calif, actress (Wendy-Just the 10 of Us, Good & Evil)
1969Kristine Bailey, Livonia Mich, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-13th-1995)
1971Alai Kalaniuvalu, NFL guard (Phila Eagles)
1972Daryl Price, defensive end (San Francisco 49ers)
1972Patrise Alexander, linebacker (Washington Redskins)
1972Tiffeny Milbrett, Portland Oregon, soccer forward (Olympics-96)
1973Blaine McElmurry, NFL defensive back (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
1973Mac Cozier, soccer forward (Olympics-gold-96)
1973Shawn Wooden, free safety (Miami Dolphins)
1973Sjoerd Sanders, soccer player (PSV/MVV)
1974Beatrice Roini Liua Faumuina, NZ, discus thrower (Olympics-96)
1974Dani Tyler, Denver Colo, softball infielder (Olympics-gold-96)
1974Kaleena Kiff, Santa Monica Calif, actress (Patti-Love Sidney)
1974Sander Westerveld, soccer player (FC Twente)
1975Keith Van Horn, NBA forward (NJ Nets)
1976Julie Howard, Brantford ON, 100m/200m backstroker (Olympics-27-92, 96)
1980Jade Davidson, Australia, gymnast (Olympics-96)

Famous deaths for this day Events  Birthdays

1260 Koetoez, Turkish sultan of Egypt, murdered
1450 Johannes van Capestrano, Italian saint, dies at 70
1602 Franciscus Junius, French/Neth calvinist theologist/vicar, dies at 57
1753 Columban Praelisauer, composer, dies at 50
1782 Joseph Reipel, composer, dies at 73
1799 William Paca, US judge/signer (Decl of Independence), dies at 58
1801 Johann Gottlieb Naumann, German composer, dies at 60
1806 Franz Seydelmann, composer, dies at 58
1869 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian composer, dies at 72
1872 Théophile Gautier, French poet/writer/historian/critic, dies at 61
1886 Johann Nepomuk Kafka, composer, dies at 67
1890 Karel M M Verlat, Flemish painter/graphic artist, dies
1892 Mehemed Emin Pasja, German explorer, murdered at 52
1899 W Penn Symons, British gen-maj, dies in battle
1901 Georg von Siemens, founder (Deutsche Bank), dies
1903 Francis Ellingwood Abbot, theologian (Scientific Theism), dies at 66
1913 Henry Potonié, German paleo-botanist/geologist (sapropelium), dies
1915 W G Grace, British cricketer, dies
1921 John B Dunlop, Scottish inventor air tire (Dunlop Rubber), dies at 81
1925 Vyacheslav Gavrilovich Karatigin, composer, dies at 50
1928 F A Alphonse Aulard, French historian, dies
1929 Thomas F Tout, historian (Manch school of historiography), dies at 74
1935 Abe Landau, US gangster, murdered
1935 Dutch Schultz [Arthur Flegenheimer], US gangster, murdered at 33
1935 Otto "Aba Daba" Berman, US gangster, murdered
1936 (Marie) Louise Hens, Flemish actress (Bitter Pill), dies at 80
1939 Zane Grey, US western writer (Spirit of the Border), dies at 67
1942 Georg Stumme, German general/commandant of African corps, dies
1942 Ralph Rainger, composer, dies at 41
1948 Eugeniusz Morawsky-Dabrowa, composer, dies at 71
1950 Al Jolson, [Asa Yoelson], singer/actor (Jazz Singer), dies at 64
1952 Susan Peters, actress (Random Harvest), dies at 31
1953 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), dies at 83
1954 Henri Zagwijn, composer, dies at 76
1957 Frederick Burton, actor (One Way Passage), dies at 86
1963 Raphaël HLAJM Verwilghen, architect/urban developer, dies at 78
1966 Claire McDowell, actress (Big Parade), dies after long illness at 88
1969 Tommy Edwards, rocker, dies at 47
1975 Barboura Morris, actor (Wasp Woman, Machine-Gun Kelly), dies at 43
1975 Charles Brokaw, actor (Outer Gate, I Cover the War), dies at 77
1976 Leonard Lee, US R&B-singer (Shirley & Lee-I'm Gone), dies at 40
1978 Maybelle Carter, country singer (Johnny Cash Show), dies at 69
1982 Jacques Klein, Brazilian pianist, dies at 52
1983 Jessica Savage, Margate NJ, newscaster (NBC Weekend), dies at 36
1983 Tamara Shayne (Jolson Story), actress, dies at 80 of a heart attack
1984 David Gorcey, actor (Angel's Alley), dies at 63 in a diabetic coma
1984 Oskar Werner, actor (Farenehit 451), dies of a heart attack at 61
1986 Edward A Doisy Sr, discoverer of vitamin K (Nobel 1943), dies at 92
1986 Lino Ventura, actor (French Detective, Slap, Jig-Saw), dies at 67
1990 Louis Althusser, French philosopher, dies
1991 Lance Baker, dies at 31
1992 Kees Spermon, Dutch painter/graphic artist, dies
1994 Robert Lansing, actor (Blade Runner, Equalizer), dies of cancer at 66
1994 William Leonard, head (CBS News), dies of a stroke at 78
1996 Alexander Kelly, pianist/teacher, dies at 67
1996 Diana Trilling, writer, dies at 91
1996 Lin Onus, artist, dies at 47
1996 Ronald Alfred Gardyne "Rags" Butler, sailor, dies at 68

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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