It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for yesterday, Friday, March 23, 2018.

Events for yesterday in history Birthdays  Deaths
1026 Koenraad II crowns himself king of Italy
1066 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1153 Treaty of Konstanz between Frederik I "Barbarossa" & Pope Eugene III
1490 1st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishna Torah" published
1490 Maimonides Mishneh Torah published
1534 Aragón legal
1568 Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike
1579 Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
1593 English Congressionalist Henry Barrow accused of slander
1630 French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont
1657 France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
1708 English pretender to the throne James III lands at Firth of Forth
1743 English premiere of Händel's "Messiah"
1743 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London
1752 Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, died 2 days later
1775 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"
1794 1st US patent (Joseph G Pierson for a riveting machine)
1794 Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
1794 Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland
1801 Murder attempt on Czar Paul I
1806 Lewis & Clark reach Pacific coast
1808 Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain
1832 British Parliament passes reform bill
1835 Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes
1836 Coin Press invented by Franklin Beale
1839 1st known use of term OK (Boston)
1839 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post)
1840 Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype)
1849 Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
1857 Elisha Otis' 1st elevator installed (488 Broadway, NYC)
1858 Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Phila)
1861 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
1862 Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
1864 Encounter at Camden AR
1865 General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC
1867 Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over Pres Johnson's veto
1868 U of Calif founded (Oakland Calif)
1873 Slavery abolished in Puerto Rico
1880 Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
1881 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
1881 Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die
1889 Pres Harrison opens Oklahoma for white colonization
1891 1st jazz concert was held at Carnegie Hall
1896 Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chénier," premieres in Milan
1901 Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast
1903 Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
1910 1st race at Los Angeles Motordrome (1st US auto speedway)
1912 Dixie Cup invented
1915 Zion Mule Corp forms
1917 Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US
1918 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
1918 Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
1918 Lithuania proclaims independence
1918 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
1919 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
1919 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy
1919 Moscow's Politburo/Central Committee forms
1920 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
1922 1st airplane lands at the US Capitol in Washington, DC
1922 KMJ-AM in Fresno CA begins radio transmissions
1922 WEW-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions
1923 Frank Silver & Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
1925 Tennessee becomes 1st state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution
1926 NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Pitt Pirates, 6-4 in 2 games
1929 1st telephone installed in White House
1930 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1930 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
1933 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolph Hitler dictatorial powers
1933 Kroll Opera in Berlin opens
1934 US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
1936 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome
1937 LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
1938 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St L Cardinals minor leaguers
1940 1st radio broadcast of "Truth or Consequences" on CBS
1940 All-India-Moslem League calls for a Moslem homeland
1942 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
1942 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
1942 US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
1943 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
1944 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
1944 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
1945 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
1945 Largest operation in Pacific war, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb Okinawa
1945 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
1946 8th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NC 43-40
1948 John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
1949 Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story," premieres in NYC
1950 "Great to Be Alive" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 52 perfs
1950 22rd Academy Awards - "All King's Men," Crawford & De Havilland win
1950 Sophocles Venizelos forms liberal Greeks government
1950 UN World Meteorological Org established
1951 Wages in France increase 11%
1952 Rangers with less than 14 minutes to go blow a 6-2 lead, losing 7-6 to Chicago Black Hawks. Mosienko scores 3 times in 21 seconds
1956 18th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats Iowa 83-71
1956 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (Natl Day)
1956 Sudan becomes independent
1957 19th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: NC beats Kansas 54-53 (3 OTs)
1957 US army sells last homing pigeons
1960 Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit
1962 JFK visits SF
1962 Nawab of Pataudi captains India cricket v WI age 21 years 77 days
1962 Wake Forest coach "Bones" McKinney becomes 2nd person to play & coach
1962 William DeWitt buys Cin Reds for $4,625,000
1963 25th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Loyola beats Cin 60-58 (OT)
1963 Rolf Hochhuth's "Der Stellvertreter," premieres in Berlin
1964 UNCTAD 1 world conference opens in Geneva
1965 Gemini 3 launched, 1st US 2-man space flight (Grissom & Young)
1965 Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed
1966 1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic & Anglican Church
1968 30th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats NC 78-55
1968 Rev Walter Fauntroy, is 1st non-voting congressional delegate from DC
1969 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Port Charlotte Golf Invitational
1969 Rally for Decency (Miami)
1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1971 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept simplified divorce
1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
1972 Evil Knievel breaks 93 bones after successfully clearing 35 cars
1972 NY Yanks agree to continue playing ball in the Bronx
1973 After a 5« year run soap "Love is a Many Splendored Thing" ends
1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1973 Yoko Ono is granted permanent residence in US
1975 Sue Roberts wins LPGA Bing Crosby International Golf Classic
1976 International Bill of Rights goes into effect (35 nations ratifying)
1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 Larry Holmes TKOs Osvaldo Ocasio in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1979 Wings release "Goodnight Tonight"
1980 Border completes 150 in each inning of Test Cricket v Pakistan
1980 Donna Caponi Young Pro-Am wins LPGA National Golf Tournament
1980 France performs nuclear test
1980 Shah of Iran arrives in Egypt
1981 Supreme Court upholds law making statutory rape a crime only for men
1981 Supreme Court rules states could require, with some exceptions, parental notification when teen-age girls sought abortions
1982 Guatemala military coup under gen Rios Montt, pres Romeo Lucas flees
1982 Isle's Mike Bossy's 20th career hat trick-4 goals
1983 US president Ronald Reagan introduces "Star Wars"-plan (SDI)
1984 Andrea Schöne skates ladies world record 3 km (4:20.91)
1984 Ice Dance Championship at Ottawa won by J Torvill & Chris Dean (GRB)
1984 Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Underhill & Paul Martini (CAN)
1984 Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Katarina Witt (GDR)
1984 Men's Fig Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
1985 Billy Joel weds supermodel Christie Brinkley
1985 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-D mission
1985 Julian Lennon's 1st concert (San Antonio Texas)
1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 6th Golden Raspberry Awards: Rambo: First Blood Part II wins
1986 Heavyweight Trevor Berbick KOs Pinklon Thomas
1986 Penny Pulz wins LPGA Circle K Tucson Golf Open
1987 Soap "Bold & Beautiful" premieres
1987 US offers military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf
1987 West Germany SPD chairman Willy Brandt resigns
1989 2 Utah scientists claim they have produced fusion at room temperature
1989 Joel Steinberg sentenced to 25 yrs for killing his adopted daughter
1990 Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood ordered to help clean up Prince William Sound & pay $50,000 in restitution for 1989 oil spill
1991 20 Tornadoes kill 5 in Tennessee
1991 Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.12m)
1991 1st World League of American Football games, London beats Frankfurt 24-11, Sacramento beats Raleigh-Dur 9-3 & Mont beats Birmingham 20-5
1992 Florida Marlins begin selling tickets
1993 Belgian govt of Dehaene, resigns
1993 NY Knicks & Phoenix Suns get into a major brawl
1994 Amy Fisher's lover Joey Buttafuoco is released from jail
1994 Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10 km (11:28)
1994 Howard Stern formally announces his Libertarian run for NY governor
1994 Joey Buttafuoco, released from jail after 4 months & 9 days
1994 Last day of Test cricket for Kapil Dev
1994 Russian Airbus A-310 crashes in Siberia (74-75 killed)
1994 Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record with 802 goals scored
1994 Richard Jacobs buys naming rights to Indians new ball park at Gateway for $13.8 million (renamed Jacobs Field)
1995 "How To Succeed in Business..." opens at R Rodgers NYC for 548 perfs
1995 Dollar equals 88.41 yen (record)
1997 "Mandy Patinkin in Concert," closes at Lyceum Theater NYC
1997 17th Golden Raspberry Awards: Striptease wins
1997 Betsy King wins LPGA Standard Register PING
1997 Liberty Legends of Senior Golf
1997 Phil Mickelson wins Bay Hill Golf Invitiational
1997 Wrestlemania XIII in Chicago, Undertaker beats Psycho Sid for title
1997 wins Standard Register PING
1998 70th Academy Awards -

Birthdays for yesterday in history Events  Deaths
1599Thomas Selle, composer
1638Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist
1699John Bartram, naturalist/explorer, father of American botany
1736Iman Willem Falck, Dutch governor of Ceylon (1765-83)
1749Hugo Franz Karl Alexander von Kerpen, composer
1749Pierre-Simon Laplace, mathematician/astronomer/physicist
1750Johannes Matthias Sperger, composer
1761John W de Winter, Dutch vice-admiral (Battle at Kamperduin)
1769William Smith, geologist (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils)
1795Leopold Jansa, composer
1801Peterus D Regout, Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
1808Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper, sociologist/historian (Statistic yearbook)
1811Camille Marie Stamaty, composer
1811Carl Gottfried Wilhelm Taubert, composer
1818Don Carlos Buell, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
1821Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper)
1823Schuyler Colfax, (R) 17th VP (1869-73)
1825Edward Lloyd Thomas, Brig General (Confederate Army) died in 1898
1826Leon Minkus, composer
1834Julius Reubke, composer
1837Joseph Wieniawski, composer
1844Eugene Gigout, composer
1847Alexandru D Xenopol, Romania, historian
1854Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)
1857Fannie Farmer, actress (namesake of a candy company)
1858Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel prize 1927)
1860Horatio W Bottomley, British? journalist/swindler
1863Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
1864Hjalmar Borgstrom, composer
1876Muirhead Bone, Glasgow Scotland, etcher/engraver of architecture
1878Franz Schrecker, composer
1881Hermann Staudinger, Germany, chemist/plastics researcher (Nobel '53)
1881Roger Martin du Guard, France, novelist (Les Thibault-Nobel 1937)
1882C Montague Shaw, Adelaide Australia
1883Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
1884Glauco Velasquez, composer
1887Anthony van Hoboken, Dutch musicologist (Haydn-catalog)
1887Felix F Yussupov, Russian monarch
1887Juan Gris, Spain, cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window)
1887Sidney Hillman, union leader (Sidney Hillman Foundation)
1891Catherine Murphy Urner, composer
1895Dane Rudhyar, composer
1898Georgios Grivas, Greek general/opposition leader on Cyprus
1898Hazel Dawn, [LaTout], Utah, actress (Niobe, Under Cover, Feud Girl)
1900Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
1900Jose Antonio Calcano, composer
1901Edmund Rubbra, composer [or May 23]
1901Jan H de Groot, Dutch resistance fighter/co-founder (Free Netherlands)
1902Philip Ober, Fort Payne Ala, actor (Gen Stone-I Dream of Jeannie)
1905Paul Grimault, animator
1905Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)
1906George Posford, composer
1907Daniel Bovet, Switzerland, pharmacologist (Nobel 1957)
1907Douglas Patrick Thomas Jay, politician
1908Dominique de Menil, arts patron/human rights advocate
1908Joan Crawford, [Lucille Le Sueur], Texas, actress (Mildred Pierce)
1910Akira Kurosawa, Tokyo Japan, director (7 Samurai, Living)
1910Lale [Liselotte H] Anderson, German singer/actress (Der Pott)
1911Augustus John "Gus" Risman, rugby league player
1911Charles Joseph A Russhon, USAF lt col/liaison (James Bond films)
1911Denis Wright, diplomat
1911Edward Warner, diplomat
1911Richard Chapman, golfer (1940 US amateur, 1951 British amateur)
1912Alfred Schwarzmann, Germany, gymnist (Olympic-2 golds-1936)
1912John Payne, Roanoke Va, actor (Dodsworth, Razor's Edge)
1912Werner von Braun, Wirsitz Germany, rocket expert (I Aim at the Stars)
1914Robert Gross, composer
1915Francis Berry, poet/Shakespearean scholar
1917H C Allen, American historian
1917Johnny Guarnieri, NYC, jazz pianist (Morey Amsterdam Show)
1917Kenneth Tobey, actor (The Thing, Strange Invaders) [or Feb 23]
1917Patricia Burke, Milan Italy, actress (Forbidden)
1919Michael Lyne, British air Vice-marshal
1920Alexander Grigori Harut'unyan, composer
1920Geoffrey Bush, composer
1920James Brown, Desdemona Tx, actor (Lt Rip Masters-Rin Tin Tin)
1920Jimmy Edwards, comedy actor (Barnes)
1920Neal Smith, (Rep-D-IA, 1959- )
1921Donald Malcome Campbell, Surrey UK, boat racer (1955 speed records)
1921Ian Todd, pres (Royal College of Surgeons)
1921Wolfgang Altendorfer, writer
1922Marty Allen, Pitts, comedian (Allen & Rossi), "Hello Dere"
1922Ugo Tognazzi, Cremona Italy, actor/director (La Cage Aux Folles)
1923Arnie Weinmeister, AAFC, NFL def tackle (NY Yankees, Giants)
1924Peter Godfrey, chartered accountant
1925Cees de Ruyter, European champion billiards player
1925David McNee, commissioner (Metropolitan Police)
1926Martha Wright, Seattle, singer (Let's Dance, Martha Wright Show)
1927Osvaldo Lacerda, composer
192811th duke of Beaufort, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
1928Alfred Morris, British MP
1929Albert H Crews, astronaut
1929Gerrit den Braber, Dutch composer/producer
1929James Ackley Maxwell, actor/director (Traitors, Pyt Potter, Otley)
1929Michael Manser, architect
1929Roger Bannister, England, 1st to run a 4 minute mile (May 6, 1954)
1931Norman F Lent, (Rep-R-NY, 1971- )
1933Geoffrey Leigh, CEO (Allied London Properties)
1933Monique van Vooren, Belgium, actress (Andy Warhol's Frankenstein)
1933Norman Bailey, British bass-baritone (Flying Dutchman)
1934Bryan Bass, headmaster (City of London School)
1934Mark Rydell, NYC, actor (Havana, Punchline, Long Goodbye)
1935Barry Cryer, comedian/writer (Goodies Rule-OK, All You Need is Cash)
1935Desmond Pitcher, CEO (Merseyside Development Corporation)
1935Szil rd Kun, Hungary, rapid fire pistol (Olympic-silver-1952)
1937Craig Breedlove, LA, auto-racing champion (613 MPH-Spirit of America)
1937Heinz Martin Lonquich, composer
1938Christopher Glenn, NYC, news anchor (CBS Nightwatch)
1938Kenneth J Gregory, warden (Goldsmiths' College)
1939Bert Berdis, Pitts, comedian (Tim Conway Show)
1939Boris Ivanovich Tischenko, composer
1940Brian Hastings, cricketer (NZ batsman in 70's)
1940Luis Gasca, rocker
1940Tariq Yunus, actor (Bollywood, Ashanti, Deceivers)
1942Jimmy Miller, US pop drummer (Rolling Stones, Motörhead)
1943Gail Goodrich, NBA star (Lakers, Suns)
1943Peter Graves, supt minister (Westminster Central Hall)
1944Michael Nyman, composer (Mesmer, Carrington)
1944Salim Altaf, cricketer (Pakistan medium-pacer in 21 Tests 1967-78)
1947Barbara Rhodes, Poughkeepsie NY, actress (Don't Just Stand There)
1948Michael Gleeson, otolaryngologist
1948R J Bennett, FBA/geographer
1948Wasim Bari, cricket wicket-keeper (Pakistan's most successful)
1949Karen English, (Rep-D-Arizona)
1949Ric Ocasek, Balt, rock vocalist (Cars-Double Life, Bye Bye Love)
1950Corrine Clery, Paris France, actress (Moonraker, Yor)
1950P R Scott, Headmaster (Bancroft's School, Woodford Green)
1951Dick Mast, Bluffton OH, Nike golfer (1990 Mississippi Gulf Coast)
1951Lis Howell, director of programs (GMTV)
1952Patricia Richardson, Bethesda MD, actress (Jill-Home Improvement)
1953Chaka Khan, [Stevens], Great Lakes Il, rocker (Rufus-I am Every Woman)
1953Geoffrey Clifton-Brown, British MP
1953Louie Anderson, Minn, comedian (Ratboy, Wrong Guys)
1954Moses Malone, NBA center (Atlanta Hawks, Milw Bucks, Phila '76ers)
1955Cindy Olavarri, Pleasant Hills Calif, cyclist (7-Eleven team)
1956Andrew Mitchell, British MP
1956Laura Thorne, chef (named one of 10 best American chefs)
1957Amanda Plummer, NYC, actress (Hotel New Hampshire, Dollmaker)
1957Sheila Rena Ingram, Wash DC, 4X400m relayer (Olympic-silver-1976)
1957Teresa Ganzel, Toledo Ohio, actress (Teachers Only, Duck Factory)
1958Serena Grandi, [Fagioli], Bologna Itay, actress (Miranda)
1960Oscar Michael Moore, journalist
1960Terry Sweeney, St Albans NY, writer/comedian (SNL)
1962Johan Steur, soccer player (FC Volendam)
1963Ana Quirot, Cuba, 800m runner (Olympics-bronze/silver-92, 96)
1963Kim Williams, Bethesda MD, LPGA golfer (1995 GHP Heartland-26th)
1965Dante Jones, NFL linebacker (Denver Broncos)
1965Daren Puppa, Kirkland Lake, NHL goalie (Tampa Bay Lightning)
1965Richard Grieco, Waterton NY, actor (21 Jump Street, Booker)
1965Wayne Presley, Detroit, NHL right wing (Toronto Maple Leafs)
1966James Saxon, NFL fullback (Phila Eagles)
1966Marti Pellow, rocker (Wet, Wet, Wet-Wishing I Was)
1966Mike Remlinger, Middletown NY, pitcher (Cin Reds)
1967David Ford, Edmonton Alberta, kayaker (Olympics-15-92, 96)
1967Duncan Macrae, actor (Casino Royale, Kidnapped), dies at 61
1967Sandra Reinhardt, Pitts, actress (Another World, Illegal in Blue)
1968Atul Wassan, cricketer (Indian pace bowler 1989-90)
1968Curtis Mayfield, CFL receiver (Saskatchewan Roughriders)
1968David Maeva, CFL linebacker (BC Lions)
1968Mark Maddox, linebacker (Buffalo Bills)
1968Mike Atherton, cricketer (Lancashire batsman & England captain)
1970Carl Pickens, NFL wide receiver (Cin Bengals)
1970Turhon O'Bannon, CFL receiver (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1971Alexander Selivanov, Moscow Rus, NHL right wing (Tampa Bay Lightning)
1971Chris Lipuma, Oak Lawn, NHL defenseman (Tampa Bay Lightning)
1971Demetrius DuBose, NFL linebacker (Tampa Bay Bucs)
1971Hiroyoshi Yamamoto, wrestler (NJPW)
1971Karen McDougal, Gary IN, playmate (Dec, 1997)
1971Renette Cruz, Miss Universe-Canada (1996)
1971Yasmeen Ghauri, Montrael Canada, model (Valentino Perfume)
1972Jennifer K Chapman, Miss USA-Massachusetts (1997)
1972Jonas Bjorkman, Vaxjo Sweden, tennis star (Davis Cup 1994)
1972Ryan Kuwabara, hockey forward (Team Japan 1998)
1973David Vaughn, NBA forward (Orlando Magic, SF Warriors)
1973Igor Nikitin, hockey defenseman (Team Kazakhstan Oly-1998)
1973Jason Kidd, NBA guard (Phoenix Suns, Dallas Mavericks)
1973Kathy Carboy, Cincinnati, Ohio, diver (Olympics-96)
1973Naoko Sawamatsu, Nishinomiya Japan, tennis star (1994 Singapore)
1973Ninya Perna, Miss USA-Nevada (1997)
1973Rob Lazeo, CFL offensive tackle (Saskatchewan Roughriders)
1974Eric Washington, NBA guard (Denver Nuggets)
1974Scott Galyon, linebacker (NY Giants)
1974Tony Alberda, Dutch soccer player (SC Heerenveen, Emmen)
1975Rita Grande, Napoli Italy, tennis star (3rd round 1996 Aust Open)
1976Keri Russell, actress (Mickey Mouse Club, Lottery, Daddy Girls)
1976Nolan Baumgartner, Calgary, NHL defenseman (Washington Capitals)
1977Josh Ackerman, actor (Mickey Mouse Club)
1978Nicholle Tom, Hinsdale IL, actress (Beethoven, Maggie-Nanny, BH 90210)
1990Eugenie OF, Princess of York/daughter of prince Andrew/Sarah Ferguson

Deaths for yesterday in history Events  Birthdays
1169Shirkuh, Kurd general/vizier of Cairo/Saladin's uncle, dies
1237Jan of Brienne, King of Jerusalem/Emperor of Constantinople, dies
1369Pedro, the Cruel, King/tyrant of Castile & Leon, murdered
1555Julius III, [Giovanni M del Monte], Pope (1550-55), dies at 67
1606Justus Lipsius, [Joost Lips], Dutch classic philologist, dies at 58
1653Johan van Galen, Dutch admiral (Dunes Monte Christo), dies at about 48
1658Valentin Dretzel, composer, dies at 79
1669Philipp Buchner, composer, dies at 54
1676Paulus Wirtz, [Wrtz], German/Neth army commander, dies at 63
1748Johann Gottfried Walther, German composer/musicologist, dies at 63
1756Georg Gottfried Wagner, composer, dies at 57
1783Gaspard Fritz, composer, dies at 67
1786Patience Wright, 1st US woman pro artist, dies (birth date unknown)
1801Paul I, tsar of Russia (1796-1801), strangled at 46
1806George Frederic Pinto, composer, dies at 20
1809Ferdinand-Philippe-Joseph Staes, composer, dies at 60
1816Ignaz Vitzthumb, composer, dies at 95
1818Nicolas Isouard, composer, dies at 42
1819August v Kotzebue, writer, dies
1821Bernhard Anselm Weber, pianist/conductor/composer, dies at 56
1832Vaclav Vilem Wurfel, composer, dies at 41
1842Stendhal, [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Lamiel), dies at 59
1862Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German chancellor, dies at 81
1869Charles Lucas, composer, dies at 60
1880Gustav Adolf Mankell, composer, dies at 67
1881Nikolay Rubinstein, composer, dies at 45
1902K lm n Tisza, premier of Hungary (1875-90), dies at 71
1906Victor Barton, cricketer (scored 23 in Test Eng v S Afr 1892), dies
1907Constantine P Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary senator, dies at 79
1914Teunis Stoel, actor, dies at 62
1918Cesar Cortinas, composer, dies at 27
1919Jean HL Bossard, actor/impresario (2 Orphans), dies at 45
1925Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general/minister of War, dies at 76
1937Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist, dies at 66
1943André Lichtenberger, French Sudan writer (Le Petit Roi), dies at 72
1943Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger, composer, dies at 47
1944O C Wingate, British general-major (Burma), dies in air crash
1946Alexandru Zirra, composer, dies at 62
1950Douglas Carr, England cricket leg-spinner (Test 1909), dies
1952Klaas Schilder, Dutch vicar/theologist/antifascist, dies at 61
1953Raoul Dufy, painter, Forcalquier, France
1957L Patrick Abercrombie, English architect, dies at 77
1958Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist/philosopher, dies at 76
1960Franklin P Adams, columnist (Information Please), dies at 78
1961A C Russell, cricketer (10 Tests for England 910 runs), dies
1961James Edward Murray, (Sen-D-Montana) (1935-61), dies
1961Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, cosmonaut, dies in accident at 24
1962Val Paul, producer (F-Man), dies at 73
1962Josephus RH van Schaik, lawyer/vice-premier of Neth, dies at 80
1963Davey Moore, dies seconds after KOed in feather-weight championship
1964Peter Lorre, actor (Casino Royale), dies at 59
1964Vassily Vainonen, Russian ballet choreographer (Gayaneh), dies at 66
1965Mae Murray, actress (Bachelor Apartment), dies of heart ailment at 75
1966Johannes W Elsensohn, Dutch actor/writer (Arie), dies at 82
1967Duncan Macrae, actor (Casino Royale, Kidnapped), dies at 61
1968Edwin O'Connor, US writer, dies at 49
1969Rudolf Pannwitz, German author/philosopher (Urblik), dies at 87
1971Armin Loos, composer, dies at 67
1971Simon Vestdijk, Dutch author/poet (Brass Garden), dies at 72
1973Ken Maynard, actor (Phantom Rancher, $50,000 Reward), dies at 77
1979Philip Bourneuf, actor (Big Night, Frankenstein), dies at 71
1982Mario Praz, Italian author (Casa della vita), dies at 85
1983Barney Clark, 1st artifical heart recipient, dies after 112 days at 62
1985Singing Nun, commits suicide in Belgium at 52
1985Patricia Roberts Harris, (Rep-D), dies at 60
1985Anton Constandse, Dutch anarchist/writer, dies at 85
1987Dean Paul Martin, musician/tennis pro, killed in plane crash at 29
1991Dominic Bellissimo, created buffalo chicken wings, dies at 68
1991Fons Jansen, Dutch night club performer, dies at 65
1991Mona Maris, actress (Camila, Berlin Correspondent), dies at 88
1992Friedrich A von Hayek, British economist (Road to Serfdom), dies at 92
1993Hans Werner Richter, German writer/founder (Gruppe 47), dies at 84
1994Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican pres candidate, assassinated at 44
1994Jim Moloney, dies of Parkinson's disease
1994Giulietta Masina, wife of Federico Felini/(La Strada), dies at 74
1994Alvara del Portillo, Spanish Opus Dei bishop, dies at 80
1995Russell Reading Braddon, author, dies at 74
1995Robert Turner, winner of 1st All-American Soap Box Derby, dies at 72
1995Ripley L. Ingram, singer, dies at 65
1995Irving Shulman, author/screenwriter, dies at 81
1995Davie Cooper, soccer star, dies at 39
1995Daniel George "Danny" Apolinar, composer/songwriter, dies at 61
1995Alan Barton, singer (Smokie, Black Lace), dies in a bus crash
1996Jay D. Miller, record producer, dies at 73
1996Peter Baer, artost/printmaker, dies at 72

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman