It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for yesterday, Saturday, April 22, 2017.

Events for yesterday in history Birthdays  Deaths
0296 St Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
0536 St Agapitus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1056 Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye
1073 Pope Alexander II buried/Ildebrando chosen as Pope Gregory VII
1145 19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1164 Raynald of Dassel names Guido di Crema as anti-pope Paschalis III
1370 Bastille begins being built in Paris
1500 Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil & claims it for Portugal
1509 Henry VIII ascended to throne of England
1521 French king Franois I declares war on Spain
1526 1st slave revolt occurs in SC
1529 Treaty of Saragosa: Spain & Portugal divide eastern hemisphere
1648 English army claims king Charles I responsible for bloodshed
1659 Lord protector Cromwell disbands English parliament
1662 Royal Society incorporates
1671 King Charles II sits in on English parliament
1674 Netherlands & Mnster sign peace treaty
1676 Battle of Etna - Neth/Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded
1677 Battle at Catania: between French & Dutch fleet
1692 Edward Bishop is jailed for proposong flogging as cure for witchcraft
1722 19 VOC "komplotteurs" in Batavia executed
1728 Pierre de Marivaux' "Le Triomphe de Plutus," premieres in Paris
1769 Madame du Barry becomes King Louis XV's "official" mistress
1793 Pres Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in US
1796 Napoleon defeats Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi
1804 Gioacchino Rossini (12) performs in Imola
1809 Battle at Eckmhl - Napoleon beats Austria arch duke Karl
1817 Curaao prohibits use of white paint due to fierce sunlight
1823 Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London
1823 R J Tyers patents roller skates
1838 English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after Atlantic crossing
1861 Robert E Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces
1864 US mints 2 coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
1876 1st NL game, Boston Braves beat Phila Athletics 6-5
1876 Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
1876 Phila Nationals Wes Fisler scores baseball's 1st run
1884 Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mos)
1884 US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
1889 Oklahoma land rush officially started; some were "sooner"
1893 Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo
1893 Paul Kruger elected president of Transvaal for 3rd time
1897 NYC Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)
1898 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship
1898 Baltimore James Hughes no-hits Boston Braves 8-0
1898 Cincinnati Red Theodore Breitenstein no-hits Pirates 11-0
1898 Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
1898 US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
1903 American Power Boat Association forms
1903 NY Highlanders (Yankees) 1st game, Senators win 3-1 before 11,950
1905 Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
1906 10th anniversary Olympic games open at Athens, Greece
1906 New rule puts umpire in sole charge of all game balls
1908 Queensland beat NSW by 171 runs for their 1st cricket win at Gabba
1913 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
1914 Babe Ruth's 1st professional game (as a pitcher) is a 6-hit 6-0 win
1914 Mexico ends diplomatic relations with US
1915 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I
1915 2nd Battle of Ypres begins
1915 NY Yankees don pinstripes & hat-in-the-ring logo for 1st time
1916 France battles at Fort Douaumont
1922 South Ossetian Autonomous Region forms in Georgian SSR
1924 Hague Chambers of Commerce forms
1926 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security
1927 1st performance of Roger Sessions' Symphony in E
1930 US, Britain & Japan sign London Naval Treaty
1931 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
1933 Dutch govt forbids leftwing radio address
1937 NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
1940 Rear Adm Joseph Taussig testifies before US Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable (He was right)
1943 German counter attack in North-Tunisia
1943 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
1944 Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea
1944 Hitler & Mussolini meet at Salzburg
1945 Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated
1945 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3
1946 SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms
1947 1st NBA Championship: Phila Warriors beat Chicago Stags, 4 games to 2
1948 WTVR TV channel 6 in Richmond, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC
1952 1st atomic explosion on network news, Nob, Nevada
1952 Eugne Ionesco's "Les Chaises," premieres in NYC
1954 Achiel van Acker forms Belgian govt
1954 NBA adopts 24-second shot clock & 6 team-foul rule
1954 Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings began
1954 USSR joins UNESCO
1955 Congress orders all US coins bear motto "In God We Trust"
1955 KC Athletic's 1st game, beat Tigers 6-2
1956 Patty Berg wins LPGA Dallas Golf Open
1957 All NL teams intergates, John Irwin Kennedy is 1st black on Phillies
1959 Yankee Whitey Ford strikes-out 15, beating Senators, 1-0 in 14 innings
1959 Chicago White Sox beat KC Athletics 20-6, in 1 inning Sox score 11 runs on 1 hit, 10 walks, & 3 errors
1961 Uprising of French parachutist of Gen Salan/Challe in Algeria
1962 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Sunshine Golf Open
1962 NY Mets tiea NL record by losing 9 straight to start season
1962 Pirates tie then record of 10 straight wins to start season
1962 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Chicago Blackhawks, 4 games to 2
1964 Tanganyika & Zanzibar form republic Tanzania
1964 World's Fair (Flushing Meadow, Corona Park, NY) opens
1966 Atlanta Braves win their 1st game, beating NY Mets 8-4
1966 USSR performs underground nuclear test
1967 Martial Law goes into effect in Greece
1969 1st human eye transplant performed
1969 Joe Frazier KOs Dave Zyglewick in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1969 Robin Knox-Johnston ends 312 day non-stop sailing
1970 "Park" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 5 performances
1970 1st Earth Day held internationally to conserve natural resources
1970 Flat Earth celebrated
1970 NY Met Jerry Grote sets record of 20 put outs by a catcher
1970 NY Met Tom Seaver strikes out last 10 Padres, for a total of 19
1970 Senators beat Yankees 2-1 in 18 innings
1971 Soyuz 10 launched
1972 Apollo astronauts John Young & Charles Duke ride on Moon
1974 Barbara Walters becomes news co-anchor of Today Show
1975 Penguins 2-Isles 4-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 3-2 lead
1976 Barbara Walters becomes 1st female nightly network news anchor
1976 Director Ingmar Bergman leaves Sweden due to taxation
1977 Simon Peres becomes premier of Israel
1978 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony
1979 Jane Blalock wins LPGA Florida Lady Citrus Golf Tournament
1979 Mick Jaggar & Keith Richards give a benefit concert in Canada
1981 10,000 copper workers in Chile strike
1981 Almost 1 million West German metal workers in strike
1981 Dodgers rookie Fernando Valenzuela tosses his 3rd shutout in 4 starts
1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1982 Atlanta Braves lose after winning 1st 13 games of season
1982 Launch of STS-3-Lousma & Fullerton [03/23]
1983 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1983 Rangers 2-Isles 5-Patrick Div Finals-Isles win series 4-2
1983 Soyuz T-8 returns to Earth
1983 Start of 1st Sri Lanka-Australia Test Cricket match (at Kandy)
1983 Stern mag announces major historical find-discovery of 60 volume personal diaries written by Adolph Hitler (turned out to be a hoax)
1984 Vicki Fergon wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1986 Consumer Price Index drops .04% for 2nd month in a row
1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1987 Sri Lanka Air Force bomb Tamil, 100s killed
1988 Women are allowed to compete in Little 500 bicycle race (Indiana)
1988 NJ Devil Patrik Sundstrom ties NHL playoff record of 8 pts in a playoff game (hat trick & 5 assists) in 10-4 rout over the Capitals
1989 "Welcome to the Club" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 12 perfs
1989 Nolan Ryan strikes out his 5,000th batter (Rickey Henderson)
1990 "Truly Blessed" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 33 performances
1990 Lebanon release US hostage Robert Polhill after 39 months
1991 Earthquake strikes Costa Rica & Panama, kills 95
1991 Frank Thomas is 1st White Sox to homer at new Comiskey Park
1991 Intel releases 486SX chip
1991 Johnny Carson announces he will retire next year from Tonight Show
1991 Shalom America (Jewish cable network) is launched in Brooklyn & Queens
1992 "High Rollers Social & Pleasure Club" closes at H Hayes NYC 14 perfs
1992 6.0 earthquake in California
1992 Gas explodes in sewer, kills 200 in Guadalajara Mexico
1992 Holocaust Museum dedicated in Washington DC
1992 Plane crash at Perris Valley Airport Calif, kills 16 parachutists
1993 "Who's Tommy" opens at St James Theater NYC for 899 performances
1993 Candid Camera creator Allen Funt suffers a stroke at 78
1993 Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Wash DC
1993 Seattle Mariner Chris Basio no-hits Boston Red Sox
1993 Tennis star Bjrn Brg divorces Loredana Berte
1994 7,000 Tutsi's slaughtered in stadium of Kibuye Rwanda
1994 Brge Ousland reaches North pole
1994 Ice skater Tonya Harding sues ex-husband Jeff Gillooly for $42,500
1994 In Denmark the largest lollipop, weighing 3,011 pounds, made
1994 Michael Moorer beats Evander Holyfield in 12 for heavywgt boxing title
1994 Schelto Patijn appointed mayor of Amsterdam
1995 General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mike Aulby
1995 George Foreman beats Axel Schulz in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

Birthdays for yesterday in history Events  Deaths
1357Johan I, King of Portugal (1383-1433)
1451Isabella I, of Castile, Queen of Spain (1479-1504), patron of Columbus
1515Antoine of Bourbon, duke of Vendme/king of Navarra
1610Alexander VIII, [Pietro Ottoboni], Italy, lawyer/Pope (1689-91)
1640Mariana Alcoforado, Portugal, nun
1658Giuseppe Torelli, Italy, composer (Concert Grossi op 8)
1682Willem I Kerricx the Young, Flemish architect/sculptor/painter
1690John Carteret, Earl Granville (C), English chief minister (1722-42)
1707Henry Fielding, England, novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)
1724Immanuel Kant, Konigsberg Germ, philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)
1766Madame de Stal, Swiss-French belle-lettrist (An Extraordinary Woman)
1773Jean V baron de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader
1775Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)
1781Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber, composer
1799Jean Poiseuille, physician/physiologist (blood pressure)
1816Philip James Bailey, English poet (Festus)
1818Cadwallader Colden Washburn, Major General (Union volunteers)
1823Alfred Gibbs, Major General (Union Army), died in 1868
1827William Hopkins Morris, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1900
1828Guilherme Antonio Cossoul, composer
1831Alexander McDowell McCook, Major General (Union volunteers)
1832Julius Sterling Morton, Nebraska, (Gov-Neb), started Arbor Day
1839August W Eichler, German botanist
1853Alphonse Bertillon, France, anthropologist, devised crime ID system
1854Henri-Marie Lafontaine, Belgium, international lawyer (Nobel 1913)
1856[Marie] Louise Hens, Flemish actress (Two Orphans)
1858Ethel Mary Smyth, composer
1863Cornelis A J van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher
1864Phil May, Wortley Yorkshire, cartoonist
1866Hans von Seeckt, German general (Future of the Reich)
1868Jose Vianna da Motta, composer
1870Nikolai Lenin, [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Bolshevik/USSR revolutionist
1873Ellen Anderson Glasgow, US, novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942)
1876O E Rlvaag, Norwegian-American novelist (Giants in the Earth)
1876Robert Brny, Sweden, otologist, vestibular expert (Nobel 1914)
1878Kitty Gordon, Folkestone England, entertainer
1881Alexander Kerensky, Simbirsk, Russian PM (1917)
1884Armas Emmanuel Launis, composer
1884John van Capel, oldest man in Netherlands (Died Sept 3, 1992)
1884Otto Rank, [Rosenfeld], Austria psychoanalysis (Knstler)
1889Ludwig Renn, writer
1891Belle Bennett, Milcoon Rapids IA, actress (Stella Dallas, Iron Mask)
1891Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev, Sontsovka Ukraine, composer
1892Nikolai Obouhov, composer
1899Martyn Green, London, actor (Gilbert & Sullivan, Iceman Cometh)
1899Vladimir Nabokov, St Petersburg, novelist
1902Megan Lloyd George, English politician
1904J[ulius] Robert Oppenheimer, NY, head of Manhattan (A-bomb) Project
1906Eric William Fenby, composer/president (Delius Society)
1908Eddie Albert, [Heimberger], Rock Island Il, actor (Oliver-Green Acres)
1909Ralph Byrd, Dayton Ohio, actor (Dick Tracy TV Show)
1910Eric Scowen, physician
1910R J Ritchie, tennis player
1912Gavalda Miguel Querol, composer
1912Kathleen Mary Ferrier, England, contralto (Orfeo Ed Evridice)
1914Charles Hubert Sisson, author/poet (Christopher Homm)
1914Hans Baumann, writer
1914Jan de Hartog, Dutch/English writer (Holland's Glory)
1915Dick Dudley, Tenn, TV host (Village Barn)
1915Lord Airedale, British Lord (social democrat)
1916Earl of Oxford & Asquith, governor (Seychelles)
1916Lord Menuhin, OM
1916Yehudi Menuhin, NYC, violinist/conductor (Bartok's Sonata)
1917Leo Abse, biographer/MP
1917Mile Yvette Chauvir, France, ballerina assoluta (Sleeping Beauty)
1917Sidney Nolan, Australia, painter/illustrator (Ned Kelly)
1919Donald Cram, US, biochemist (Nobel 1987)
1920Hal March, SF Calif, actor/TV host ($64,000 Question, Outrage)
1920Jos de Haes, Flemish philological/poet (Misery of the Word)
1922Charles Mingus, Arizona, jazz bassist (Pithecanthropus Erectus)
1922Lou Stein, Phila Pa, pianist (Tonight! America After Dark)
1922Richard C Diebenkorn Jr, US, painter (Ocean Park Paintings)
1923Betty Page, Kingsport Tn, playmate (Jan, 1955)/model (Dark Angel)
1923Hugh Lloyd, actor (Punch & Judy Man, Dunroamin' Rising)
1923Paula Fox, US children's books author (Poor George)
1923Peter Bowring, CEO (C T Bowring)
1925Christopher Ball, Oxford, warden (Keble College)
1925George Cole, London England, actor (Minder, Vampire Lovers)
1926Bob Flannigan, Greencastle Ind, singer (4 Freshmen)
1926Charlotte Rae, Milwaukee Wisc, actress (Edna-Facts of Life)
1926James Stirling, Scottish D-day-parachutist/architect/knight
1927Pascal Bentoiu, composer
1928Aaron Spelling, TV executive producer (Charlie's Angels)
1928Margaret Pereira, forensic scientist
1929Geoffrey Marshall, Provost (Queen's College, Oxford)
1929Margaret Pereira, forensic scientist
1929Michael Atiyah, educator (Trinity College - Cambridge England)
1929Robert Wade-Gery, diplomat/exec director (Barclays de Zoete Wedd)
1929Victoria Opoku-Ware, Ghanaian queen
1931Henk Gortzak, Dutch MP (CPN/PSP)
1931Robert Dickson, Canada, ice hockey player (1948)
1931Ronald Hynd, British choreographer (English National Ballet)
1931Siem Vroom, Dutch actor (The Lift, Bridge Too Far, Mysteries)
1932Michael Colgrass, Chicago Illinois, composer (Best Wishes)
1933John A Llewellyn, Cardiff Wales, astronaut
1933Robin Hutton, merchant banker
19349th viscount Portman, British large landowner/multi-millionaire
1934David Ratford, diplomat
1934John K Barlow, English rubberplanter/financier/multi-millionaire
1934Nico Ladenis, British restauranteur (Nico at 90)/=
1934Viscount Portman, Britsh landowner/multimillionaire
1935Christopher Ball, linguist/warden (Keble College-Oxford)
1935Glen Campbell, Delight Ark, actor/singer (Time I Get to Phoenix)
1937Bobbi Fiedler, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- )
1937David Summerscale, head master (Westminster School England)
1937Jack Nicholson, NJ, actor (One Flew Over Cuckoo's Nest, Shining)
1937Jack Nitzsche, composer/songwriter (An Officer & a Gentleman)
1937Ken Palmer, cricketer (1-190 in only Test for England, now Test ump)
1937Kenneth Palmer, cricket umpire
1938Alan Bond, tycoon/yachtsman
1939Jason Miller, Scranton PA, actor/writer (Exorcist, Light of Day)
1939John Chilcot, civil servant
1939John Foley, mjr-general
1940Peter Goldstein, joint founder (Superdrug)
1943Mel Carter, singer (Hold Me Thrill Me Kiss Me)
1943Steve Dunne, cricketer (NZ Test umpire on international panel)
1944Joshua Rifkin, composer
1945Alan Dukes, Irish president (Fine Gael
1945Donald Graham, US businessman(?)
1945Gielijn Escher, Dutch postage stamp artist
1945Robert Key, MP/British undersecretary for National Heritage
1946Archy Kirkwood, MP (L-D)
1946Dectuplets, Bacacay Brazil, 8 males & 2 females
1946John Waters, director (Hairspray)
1947Barry Guy, composer
1948Carole Drinkwater, actress (Father, All Creatures Great & Small)
1949Spencer Haywood, Silver City Ms, NBAer (Oly-gold-1968, Knicks)
1950Jancis Robinson, wine writer/broadcaster
1950Lewis Biggs, curator (Tate Gallery-North Liverpool)
1950Peter Frampton, Kent Engld, guitarist/vocalist (Frampton Comes Alive)
1953Steve Bond, Haifa Israel, actor (General Hospital, To Die For)
1954Joseph Bottoms, Santa Barbara Cal, actor (Surfacing, Blind Date)
1955Arthur Baker, rock producer (Afrika Banbaataa-Planet Rock)
1956Catherine Mary Stewart, Edmonton, actress (Passion & Paradise)
1957Alan Campbell, Homestead Fla, actor (E Z-3's a Crowd)
1957Ethel White, WBL guard (NY Stars)
1958Ashraf Ali, cricket wicket-keeper (Pakistani mid-80s)
1958Ken Olandt, actor (April Fool's Day, Imposter, Leprechaun)
1959Nicky Le Roux, South Africa, LPGA golfer (1994 Atlanta Champ-15th)
1959Ranjan Madugalle, cricketer (pioneer of Sri Lanka's Test teams)
1959Ryan Stiles, Seattle Wash, actor (Lewis-Drew Carey Show)
1960Lloyd Honeyghan, English welterweight boxing champ (1986)
1961Byron Allen, LA Calif, comedian (Real People, Byron Allen Show)
1961Jeff Hostetler, NFL QB (NY Giants, Raiders, Redskins/1990 Superbowl)
1961Jimmy Key, Huntsville Alabama, pitcher (Blue Jays, NY Yanks, Orioles)
1962David Wettlaufer, Kitchener Ont, golfer (Ontario Beefeater-1986, 87)
1962Denise Baldwin, Atlanta GA, LPGA golfer (1991 Futures Salisbury)
1964Bob McCann, NBA forward (Washington Bullets)
1964Chris Makepeace, Toronto, actor (Vamp, My Bodyguard, Meatballs, Oasis)
1966Glenn Parker, NFL offensive tackle (Buffalo Bills, KC Chiefs)
1966Serge Poudrier, hockey defenseman (Team France 1998)
1967Bart Bowen, Albuquerque NM, cyclist (Olympics-96)
1967Harvey Williams, NFL running back (Oakland Raiders)
1967Mike Buck, NFL quarterback (Arizona Cardinals)
1967Sheryl Lee, Boulder Colo, actress (Twin Peaks, Love Lies & Murder)
1968Bimbo Coles, NBA guard (Golden State Warriors)
1968Carlos Costa, Spain, tennis star
1968Jo Angel, cricketer (big WA right-arm fast bowler, Australia 1993-)
1968Vernell Coles, basketball player (Olympic-bronze-1988)
1968Zarley Zalapski, Edmonton, NHL defenseman (Calgary Flames)
1969Bobby Olive, NFL wide receiver (Indianapolis Colts)
1969Craig Logan, Scotland, rock bassist (Bros Front, Bon Jovi-New Jersey)
1969George Williams, Lacrosse WI, catcher (Oakland A's)
1969Roger Jones, NFL center (Cin Bengals)
1970Claus Biedermann, WLAF linebacker (Rhein Fire)
1970Coleman Bell, NFL tight end (Washington Redskins)
1971Ingo Rademacher, German FR, actor (Jasper Jacks-General Hospital)
1971James Burton, NFL cornerback (Chic Bears)
1971Milos Holan, Bilovec Cze, NHL defenseman (Anaheim Mighty Ducks)
1971Nicklas Kulti, Sweden, tennis star
1972Anna Falchi, Tampera Finland, actress (La Dolce Vita '90)
1972Sabine Appelmans, Aalst Belg, tennis star (Strasbourg doubles final)
1973Christopher Sanders, tight end (Washington Redskins)
1973Scott Fields, NFL linebacker (Atlanta Falcons)
1974Adam Parfitt, Victoria BC, rower (Olympics-96)
1974Georgia Goettmann, model (Cosmo-May 1995)
1975Brian Manning, wide receiver (Miami Dolphins)
1975Stijn Haeldermans, Belgian soccer player (MVV)
1976Milena Mayorga, Miss Universe-El Salvador (1996)
1980Aaron Metchnik, Santa Barbara Calif, actor (Stephen-Torkelsons)
1980Monica Flammer, Gainesville Fla, gymnast (alt-Olympics-96)
1985Lauri Hendler, Ft Belvoir Va, actress (Julie-Gimme a Break)

Deaths for yesterday in history Events  Birthdays
0536Agapitus I, Italian Pope (535-36), dies
1253Elias van Cortona, Italian general (1232-39), dies at about 53
1355Eleonora Plantagenet, daughter of King Edward II, dies at 36
1462Gilbert of Lannoy, master of Villerval/Tronchiennes/Santes, dies
1521Juan de Padilla, Spanish nobleman/communero-rebel, beheaded
1592Bartolommeo Ammanati, Italian sculptor/architect, dies at 80
1648Catharina Belgian van Nassau, daughter of Willem, dies at 69
1662John Tradescant, traveller/gardener, dies
1672Georg Stiernhielm, Swed scholar/author/poet (Hercules), dies at 73
1677Wenzel E Frst von Lobkowitz, Austria chancellor (16..-74), dies at 68
1699Hans A baron von Abschatz, Silesian poet, dies at 53
1722Pieter Erberfeld, German/Thais merchant on Java, dies
1776Johann Adolph Scheibe, German music theroist/composer, dies at 67
1778James Hargreaves, inventor (spinning jenny), dies
1782Josef Ferdinand Norbert Seger, composer, dies at 66
1788Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch poet, dies 46
1821John Crome, [Old Crome], English landscape painter/etcher, dies at 52
1827Thomas Rowlandson, caricaturist, dies
1830Knud L Rahbek, Danish literary/historian, dies at 69
1833Richard Trevithick, inventor (steam locomotive), dies at 62
1844Henri-Montan Berton, composer, dies at 76
1864Joseph Gilbert Totten, US Union general-major, dies at 76
1865Francis Washburn, US Union colonel/gen major, dies of injuries
1883Octave Fouque, composer, dies at 38
1892Edouard-Victoire-Antoine Lalo, composer, dies at 69
1899E J (Ned) Gregory, cricketer (one Test for Aust), dies
1901William Stubbs, historian/bishop, dies
1908Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British premier (1905-08), dies
1925Andre Caplet, composer, dies at 46
1929Odon Peter Jozsef de Mihalovich, composer, dies at 86
1930Jeppe Aakjr, Danish journalist/author/poet (Rugens sange), dies at 63
1933Frederick Henry Royce, motorcar pioneer, dies
1941Arthur Briscoe, cricketer (South African batsman in 2 Tests), dies
1944Mezio Agostini, composer, dies at 68
1945Kthe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77
1946Harlan Fiske Stone, Chief Justice Supreme Court (1941-46), dies at 73
1946Lionel Atwill, actor (Capt Blood, Great Waltz), dies at 61
1950Charles H Houston, architect of NAACP legal campaign, dies at 54
1951Stanley Ridges, actor (possessed, Sgt York, Mr Ace), dies at 59
1953Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N], Dutch writer, dies at 75
1957Ignatius Roy D Campbell, British poet (Garcia Lorca), dies at 54
1961Maria Radulphus, [Adrian Hermus], Curaao school inspector, dies at 91
1962Solomon Pimsleur, composer, dies at 61
1962Vera Reynolds, actress (Dragnet Patrol, Lawless Woman), dies at 62
1967Tom Conway, actor (Mark Saber, Betty Hutton Show), dies at 62
1975Mary Philips, actress (Farewell to Arms), dies at 75
1976Frutuoso de Lima Viana, composer, dies at 79
1977Charles Sanford, orch leader (Your Show of Shows), dies at 71
1978Will Geer, actor (Grandpa Walton-Waltons), dies at 75
1980Jane Froman, singer (Jane Froman's USA Canteen), dies at 72
1981Brailsford Reese Brazeal, dean (Morehouse College), dies at 76
1982Melville Bell Grosvenor, pres (Natl Geographic Society), dies at 80
1983Earl "Fatha" Hines, US, jazz pianist/conductor, dies
1983Walter Slezak, actor (Bedtime For Bonzo), commits suicide in NY at 80
1984Ansel Adams, US photographer, dies at 82
1986Mircea Eliade, writer, dies
1988Irene Rich, US actress (Beau Brumell, Champ), dies at 96
1989Huey Newton, US, Black Panther leader, shot dead at 47
1990Bertil Unger, actor (Devil & Max Devlin), dies
1992Billy Wayne White, murderer, executed in Texas at 34
1992Joop [Joseph] van Santen, Dutch 1st Chamber member (CPN), dies
1992Youcca Troubatzkoy, actress (Flower of the Night), dies
1993Mark Koenig, baseball shortstop (NY Yankees), dies at 88
1993Cesar Chavez, US farm worker (United Farm Workers), dies at 66
1993Andries Treurnicht, founder S Afr Conservative Party, dies at 72
1994Schmidt Hans Burkhardt, artist, dies at 89
1994Richard Milhous Nixon, 37th President (1969-75), dies of stroke at 81
1994Jack Alexander Bently, trombonist, dies at 80
1994Denis Pitts, journalist, dies at 64
1994D Nauta, theologist/church historian/lawyer, dies at 96
1995Don Pullen, pianist/composer, dies at 53
1995Maggie Kuhn, activist (Gray Panthers), dies at 89
1996David Shipman, film historian, dies at 63
1996Erma Bombeck, humorist (Grass is Greener), dies at 69
1996Hiteshwar Saikia, PM of Indian state of Assam (1991-96), dies

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman