It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for yesterday, Wednesday, May 23, 2018.

Events for yesterday in history Birthdays  Deaths
1059 Henri I crowns his son compassionate King Philip I of France
1275 King Edward I of Engld orders cessation of persecution of French Jews
1420 Jews of Syria & Austria expelled
1421 Jews of Austria imprisoned & expelled
1430 Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the British
1493 King Charles VIII & Maximilian I of Austria signs Peace of Senlis
1533 King Henry VIII & Catherine of Aragon marriage declared null & void
1536 Pope Paul III installs Portugese inquisition
1544 German emperor Charles V recognizes king Christian III of Denmark
1555 Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
1568 Battle at Heiligerlee: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, 100s killed
1576 Tycho Brahe given Hveen Island to build Uraniborg Observatory
1611 Matthias von Habsburg chosen king of Bohemia
1618 2nd Defenestration of Prague; beginning of 30 Years War
1618 Imperial civil servants thrown out a window of Prague Castle
1644 Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
1647 Willem II sworn in as viceroy of Holland
1660 King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England
1667 King Afonso VI of Portugal flees
1706 Battle of Ramillies-Marlborough defeats French; 17,000 killed
1750 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo," premieres in Mantua
1774 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
1785 Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals
1788 SC becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution
1844 Declaration of B b (Bah 'í festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)
1853 Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
1861 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe Virginia
1861 Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession
1862 Battle at Front Royal, Virginia
1862 Valley Campaign-Stonewall Jackson takes Ft Royal, Virginia
1864 Battle of Dallas, GA
1864 Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting
1865 -24] Victory parade in Washington, DC (Grand Review)
1865 Flag flown at full staff over White House, 1st time since Lincoln shot
1865 Grand Review begins in Washington DC
1867 Jesse James-gang rob bank in Richmond Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)
1873 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
1873 Canada's North West Mounted Police Force (RCMPF) forms
1873 Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
1876 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
1878 Atty John Henry Smyth named minister to Liberia
1882 6" of snow falls in eastern Iowa
1883 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
1883 Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players
1884 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39«
1887 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, BC
1894 William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
1898 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from SF
1900 Associated Press News Service forms in NY
1901 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
1901 Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
1901 Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
1901 US captures leader of Philippine rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
1903 1st automobile trip across US from SF to NY, ended April 1
1903 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
1908 Dirigible explodes over SF Bay, 16 passengers fall, none die
1908 Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Wash
1911 NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by Pres Taft
1915 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary & Germany during WW I
1916 Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
1917 Dutch 2nd Chamber okays 1908 conscription draft
1918 King Oil/Shell refinery on Curaçao officially opens
1920 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
1921 "Shuffle Along" 1st black musical comedy, opens in NYC
1922 "Abie's Irish Rose" 1st of over 2,500 performances
1922 Harry Greb gave Gene Tunney his only professional boxing defeat
1922 Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films
1923 1st flight of Sabena: Brussel-Lympne, Great Britain
1926 Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard
1926 Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
1928 Bomb attack on Italians embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
1931 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Whipsnade Beds England
1932 Sir Hubert Ferdinand Opperman sets 24 hr record of 860 mi, 367 yds
1934 Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon (polymeer 66)
1935 1st scheduled night game, postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
1939 British decoration, George Cross, 1st presented
1939 British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
1939 Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad
1939 Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland
1939 Submarine Squalis sank off Portsmouth NH, 26 die
1940 1st great dogfight between Spitfires
1941 Joe Louis beats Buddy Baer on DQ in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1941 Rudolf Harbig runs world record 1k (2:21.5)
1943 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund
1943 In Dr Faustus, Serenus Zeitblom begins his bio of Adrian Leverkhn
1943 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus
1944 British/Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo Italy
1944 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
1944 Operation-Buffalo: Allied jailbreak out Anzio-bridgehead
1944 Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
1945 British milt police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
1945 German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
1945 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Chief of Police, committed suicide
1945 Lord Haw-Haw arrested at Danish boundary
1945 Winston Churchill resigns as British PM
1947 PC Hooft prize forms for literature
1948 Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs
1948 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
1949 Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)
1951 Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels," premieres in London
1953 79th Preakness: Eric Guerin aboard Native Dancer wins in 1:57.8
1953 Schools 1st use Cliff's Notes
1953 WHIZ TV channel 18 in Zanesville, OH (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 Presbyterian Church begins accepting women ministers
1956 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, SF
1958 Mao Tse tung start "Great leap forward" movement in China
1959 "Party with Comden & Green" closes at John Golden NYC after 44 perfs
1959 Presbyterian church accepts women preachers
1960 "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
1960 "Got A Girl" by The Four Preps hits #24
1960 Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina
1960 WGTV TV channel 8 in Athens-Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
1960 WRCA radio changes call letters back to WNBC (NYC)
1962 Joe Pepitone 2nd Yankee to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning (Joe DiMaggio)
1962 OAS leader general Raoul Salan sentenced to life
1962 Scott Carpenter orbits Earth 3 times in US Aurora 7
1963 NBC purchases 1963 AFL championship game TV rights for $926,000
1964 Dale Greig runs female marathon world record (3:27:45)
1965 Franz Jonas elected president of Austria
1965 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1965 Pontoon ferry overturned on Shire River Malawi, kills 150
1966 Beatles release "Paperback Writer"
1967 Government bans submarines near South Africa
1968 AC Milan wins 8th Europe Cup II in Rotterdam
1968 Beatles open 2nd Apple Boutique at 161 New Kings Road, London
1969 BBC orders 13 episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus
1969 Lauwerszee Dike in Holland closes
1969 Who release rock opera "Tommy"
1970 Grateful Dead's 1st performance outside of US (England)
1970 SD Padres beat SF Giants 17-16 in 15 innings
1970 USSR performs nuclear test (underground)
1971 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Suzuki Golf Internationalionale
1971 Rock group Iron Butterfly disbands
1974 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 Italian Red Brigade officer Mario Sossi freed
1976 Amy Alcott wins '76 LPGA Golf Classic
1977 Benin adopts its constitution
1977 Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals of Watergate wrong doers H R Halderman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell
1977 Moluccan extremists hold 105 schoolchildren & 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in Neth, children released May 27, siege ends June 11
1978 AL approves transfer of Red Sox to Jean Yawkey for $15M
1978 General strike in Peru
1979 "Kids Are All Right" premieres
1979 1st edition of "Wisden Cricket Monthly"
1979 Borussia Mönchengladbach wins 8th UEFA Cup at Dsseldorf
1979 Rocker Tom Petty files chapter 11 bankruptcy
1979 West-Germany elects Karl Carstens president
1980 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Neil Burton
1981 Barcelona fascists take 200 people hostage
1981 NASA launches Intelsat V
1982 BBC warns Britain will bomb Argentina
1982 Cathy Morse wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Classic
1982 Colin Wilson rides a surfboard 294 miles
1982 Pope John Paul II declares "Peerke" Donders divine
1983 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
1984 Anderlecht wins 13th UEFA Cup at London
1984 Detroit Tigers win AL record tying 16th straight road game
1986 US & West Europeans veto heavier sanctions against South Africa
1988 Maryland stops sale of cheap pistols on Jan 1, 1990
1989 3rd American Comedy Award: Paula Poundstone
1989 Angela Visser, 22, of Holland, crowned 38th Miss Universe
1989 Lincoln Square in Bronx named
1989 Cleve loses & drop to 21-22, this is the latest a sub .500 team is in 1st place (AL East)
1990 A C Milan wins 35th Europe Cup 1 at Vienna
1990 Cost of rescuing savings & loan failures is put at up to $130 billion
1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,856.26
1990 NY Yankees hit 6 home runs to beat Minn Twins 12-0
1991 Last Cubans troops leave Angola
1991 Phillie Tommy Greene no-hits Mont Expos, 2-0
1991 San Diego Sockers win 4th consecutive Major Soccer League championship
1991 US Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion
1992 NY Yankees play in their 4th straight extra inning game
1992 Pres Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees
1993 Val Skinner wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1994 270 pilgrims dies in bustle round Mina Saudi-Arabia
1994 Roman Herzog elected president of Germany
1994 Star Trek The Next Generation, finale airs this week in syndication
1995 47th time opposing pitchers hit HRS, K Foster (Cubs)/M Freeman (Rocks)
1996 Fred Norris of the Howard Stern show changes his name legally to Eric
1997 "King David," closes at New Amsterdam Theater NYC
1997 Mel Karmazin replaces Peter Lund as CEO of CBS TV
Birthdays for yesterday in history Events  Deaths
1598Claude Mellan, French engraver/cartoonist/painter, baptized
1617Elias Ashmole, antiquary
1620Pieter Neefs, the Younger, Flemish painter, baptized
1644Thomas Eisenhut, composer
1696Johann Caspar Vogler, composer
1707Carolus Linn‘us, Sweden, biological classifier
1710François-Gaspard Adam, French sculptor (garden sculptures)
1718William Hunter, obstetrician/medal writer
1729Giuseppe Parini, Italian priest/poet (Il Giorno)
1734Friedrich Anton Mesmer, Austria, physician/hypnotist (Mesmerism)
1735Charles Joseph, prince the Ligne, Belgian fieldmarshal/author
1737Louis François Chambray, composer
1741Andrea Lucchesi, composer
1753Giovanni Battista Viotti, violonist/composer
1754Andrea Appiana, Italian royal painter (Napoleon)
1756Nicolas-Joseph Hullmandel, composer
1759Antoinio da Silva Leite, composer
1790Jules-Sébastien-César Dumont d'Urville, explorer
1794Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles, composer
1795Charles Barry, architect
1799Thomas Hood, English poet/composer (Song of the Shirt)
1812Henri A Esquiros, French poet/writer (Les Vierges Folles)
1813Mason Brayman, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
1820James Buchanan Eads, US, engineer/inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis)
1824Ambrose Everett Burnside, Major General (Union volunteers)
1828Edward Hitchcock, America's 1st prof of physical ed (Amherst College)
1832Pieter J B C R van der Aa, Dutch Indologist/geographer
1837James Sanks Brisbin, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1843Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia, composer
1844'Abdu'l-Bah , early Bah 'í leader ('Azamat 7, 1)
1848Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WW I)
1848Otto Lilienthal, pioneer aviator
1849K roly earl Khuen-Héderv ry, Premier of Hungary (1910-12)
1851Antoni Stolpe, composer
1862William "Dummy" Hoy, professional baseball player who lived to 99
1864Louis Glass, composer
1866Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
1871Sigurd Lie, composer
1873Leo Baeck, rabbi/president (World Union for Progressive Judaism)
1882James Gleason, NYC, writer/actor (Bishop's Wife, Flying Fool)
1883Douglas Fairbanks, Denver CO, actor (Zorro/3 Musketeers/Robin Hood)
1886Hermann Neiáe, writer
1888Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
1890Herbert Marshall, London, actor (Murder, Razor's Edge, Little Foxes)
1890Virginia Eames, Ft Davis TX, entertainer
1891Pär Lagerkvist, Sweden, novelist/dramatist (Barabbas, Nobel 1951)
1898Frank McHugh, actor (Front Page, Gold Diggers 1935, Mighty Joe Young)
1898Joseph Hazen, lawyer
1901Edmund Rubbra, Northampton England, composer (Morning Watch) [or 3/23]
1902Mark Lothar, composer
1903Walter Reisch, US, screenwriter (Ninotchka, Gaslight, Titanic)
1906Hellmuth Christian Wolff, composer
1907Kenneth Allen, engineer
1907Matthew Campbell, British senior civil servant
1908Christian GK Baëta, Togolese chairman (International Mission Council)
1908John Bardeen, US, physicist (transistor, Nobel 1956, 1972)
1908Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)
1909Edwin Arrowsmith, diplomat
1910Artie Shaw, [Arthur Arshawsky], NYC, bandleader (Come'on my House)
1910Franz Jozef Kline, US expressionist painter
1910Hugh Casson CH, architect
1910Scatman Crothers, [Benjamin], Terre Haute IN, actor (Zapped, Shining)
1911Boris Kremenliev, composer
1911Melvin M Payne, president (National Geographic Society)
1912David Barran, CEO (Midland Bank, England)
1912Jean Françaix, Le Mans France, composer (Naked King)
1912John Payne, Roanoke Va, actor (Restless Gun)
1912Marius Goring, Isle of Wight, actor (Herr Palitz-Holocaust)
1912Samuel Curran, vice chancellor (Strathclyde University)
1913Ian Graeme, major-general
1914Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)
1914Barbara Ward, economist/writer (Only One Earth)
1914Leo Lerman, actor/manager/critic (Dance Magazine)
1914Travis Kemp, dancer/teacher
1915Clyde Wiegand, physicist
1916M Jean Francaix, composer
1916Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
1918Bulent Arel, composer
1918Bumps Blackwell, rocker
1918Denis Compton, cricketer (England batsman 1938-56 & Arsenal forward)
1919Betty Garrett, St Joseph Mo, actress (Irene-All in the Family)
1919Robert KJE Antonissen, South African literary
1920Helen O'Connell, Lima Ohio, singer (Green Eyes, Anapola)
1920Sid Melton, Bkln NY, actor (Alf-Green Acres, Charlie-Danny Thomas)
1921Humphrey Lyttelton, jazz musician/actor (It's Great to Be Young)
1921James [Benjamin] Blish, US/UK, sci-fi author (Hugo, Star Trek Reader)
1921Loren Tindall, OK, actor (Meet Me on Broadway, Girl of Limberlost)
1921Montague Modlyn, broadcaster
1921Sanderson Temple, circuit judge
1922Dennis Compton, author/crickleter
1923Alicia de Larrocha, Copenhagen Denmark, pianist (Orquesta Sinfonica)
1923Nirode Chowdhury, Indian cricket pace bowler (1949-52)
1924Desmond Carrington, British radio host (Jim-Calamity the Cow)
1924Michael McCrum, master (Corpus Christi College Cambridge)
1924V N Swamy, cricketer (one Test India v NZ 1955, DNB, 0-45)
1928Nigel Davenport, Cambridge England, actor (Without a Clue, Masada)
1928Nina Otkalenko, USSR, 800m runner (9 world records)
1928Rosemary Clooney, Kentucky, singer/paper towels spokeswoman (Coronet)
1929Joe Modise, South African commandant of Umkhonto we Sizwe (1965- )
1929Ulla Jacobson, Swedish actress (One Summer of Happiness)
1930Richard Anuszkiewicz, Erie, Pa, painter
1931Barbara Barrie, Chicago, actress (Breaking Away, Barney Miller)
1931José Telles Da Conceiçao, Brazil, high jumper (Olympic-bronze-1952)
1932James Lester, MP
1932John Lyons, Cambridge England, Master (Trinity Hall)
1933Bruce A Peterson, US test pilot (M2, HL-10)
1933Gerrit J M Braks, Dutch minister of agriculture & land & fishing (CDA)
1933Joan Henrietta Collins, London, actress (Alexis-Dynasty, Bitch)
1934Malcolm Gill, deputy head (Bank for Intl Settlements)
1934Robert A Moog, inventor (Moog Synthesizer)
1935Juliet Campbell, British ambassador (to Luxembourg)
1935Lord Grenfell, head of External affairs European office, world bank
1936Charles Kimbrough, actor (Murphy Brown)
1936Douglas John Gorman, businessman
1936Robert Sangster, horse owner/trainer
1937John Mazza, horse trainer
1938John R Miller, (Rep-R-WA, 1985- )
1938Peter Preston, editor (Guardian)
1939Ron Stevens, horse trainer
1941Jackson Hill, composer
1943John Newcombe, Australia, tennis pro (Wimbledon 1967, 70, 71)
1943Lars-Ake Nilsson, diplomat
1943Norman Johnson, singer/songwriter
1943Peter Kenilorea, PM Solomon Islands
1944General George Norman Johnson, US singer (Down at the Beach Club)
1944Giles Smith, TV journalist
1944Olga Maitland, MP
1944Ramon "Tiki" Fulwood, US drummer (Funkadelic, Knee Deep)
1945Elliott Bernerd, English broker/multi-millionaire
1945Lauren Chapin, actress (Kathy-Father Knows Best)
1945Misty Morgan, country keyboardist (duo with Jack Blanchard)
1946Tom Dorris, horse trainer
1947Ann Hui, director (Boat People)
1947Jonathan Pryce, North Wales, stage actor (Miss Saigon)
1948Reggie Cleveland, baseball player
1949Alan García Pérez, pres of Peru (1985-90)
1950Linda Thompson, Memphis Tn, actress (Hee Haw)
1951Anatoli Karpov, USSR, world chess champion (1975-85)
1951Judy Rodman, Riverside Calif, country singer (Girls Ride Horses Too)
1952"Marvelous" Marvin Hagler, NJ, middleweight boxing champ (1982-83)
1952Deborah Adair, actress (Tracey-Dynasty, Kate-Day of Our Life)
1952James Mankey, rocker (Concrete Blonde)
1955John Stevens, MEP
1957Jimmy McShane, Pop singer (Baltimora-Tarzan Boy)
1958Shelly West, Cleve OH, country singer (Red Hot, West by West)
1958Thomas Reiter, Germany, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-22)
1959Linden Ashby, actor (Mortal Kombat)
1959Marcella Mesker, Netherlands, tennis star
1960Theo Vogelaars, pop bassist (Tröckener Kecks/Paid Love)
1961Dave Babych, Edmonton, NHL defenseman (Vancouver Canucks)
1961Drew Carey, Cleve Oh, actor/comedian (Drew-Drew Carey Show)
1961Kevin Romine, baseball player
1962Karen Duffy, [Duff], NYC, MTV VJ/actress (Meet Wally Sparks)
1962Keith Brantley, Scott AFB Ill, marathoner (Olympics-96)
1964Kenny Gattison, NBA forward (Orlando Magic)
1964Staci Greason, Denver, actress (Isabella Toscando-Days of Our Lives)
1965James Hasty, NFL cornerback (KC Chiefs)
1965Lilian Drescher, Venezuela, tennis star
1965Woorkeri Venkat Raman, cricketer (Indian slow left-arm all-rounder)
1966Gary Roberts, North York, NHL left wing (Calgary Flames)
1966Graeme Hick, cricketer (in Zimbabwe Massive run-scorer for Worcs)
1966Helena Bonham Carter, London, actress (Ft Worth, Howards End)
1967Craig John Monk, Auckland NZ, finn class yachter (Olympics-96)
1968Daryl Hobbs, NFL wide receiver (Oakland Raiders)
1968Tiffany Rochelle-Anderson, Laguna Beach Ca, WPVA (Nationals-13th-1995)
1969Pat Hurst, San Leandro CA, LPGA golfer (1995 Rolex Rookie of the Year)
1969Ramon Caraballo, baseball player
1970Grahae Hick, cricketer
1970Ricky Gutierrez, Miami FL, infielder (Houston Astros)
1971Issac Booth, NFL cornerback/safety (Cleve Browns)
1971Joseph Rogers, CFL receiver (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1971Marshall Boze, San Manual AZ, pitcher (Milwaukee Brewers)
1972Isabelle Fijalkowski, WNBA center/forward (Cleveland Rockers)
1972Marco van Hoogdalem, Dutch soccer player (Roda JC)
1972Rene Ingoglia, running back (Buffalo Bills)
1972Shannon Brown, NFL defensive tackle (Atlanta Falcons)
1973Verna Vasquez, Miss Universe-best swimsuit (Curacao, 1997)
1974Duane Clemons, linebacker (Minnesota Vikings)
1974Jewel [Kilcher], Alaska, folk/rock vocalist (Pieces of You)
1974Kimber West, Atlanta GA, playmate (Feb 1997)
1975Vincent Goossens, soccer player (Dordrecht '90)
1976Kelly Marie Monaco, Phila PA, playmate (April, 1997)
1976Melanie Joyce Bell, Vernon New Jersey, Miss America-New Jersey (1997)
1980Sarah Louise Catherwood, Christchurch NZ, 4x200m swimmer (Oly-96)
1984Adam Wylie, actor (Picket Fences)
Deaths for yesterday in history Events  Birthdays
1125Hendrik V, Roman catholics German king/emperor (1098/1111-25), dies
1153David I, king of Scotland (1124-53), dies at about 68
1423Benedict XIII, [Pedro the Luna], Spanish Pope (1394-1423), dies
1498Girolamo Savonarola, dictator of Florence (1494-98), hanged at 45
1568Adolf van Nassau, German son of Willem the Rich, dies in battle at 27
1627Luis de Góngora y Argote, poet/writer, dies
1648Luis de Nain, painter, dies
1668Philips Wouwerman, Haarlems painter, buried
1684Adriaen Backer, Amsterdams painter buried at about 48
1701William Kidd, Scottish pirate, hanged at London's Execution Dock
1754John Wood, architect/town planner, dies
1783James Otis, American lawyer, dies
1785William Woollett, engraver, dies
1834Charles Wesley, composer, dies at 76
1838John W Janssens, gov-gen (Cape Colony), dies at 75
1841Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 76
1842José de Espronceda y Delgado, Spanish revolutionary/poet, dies at 34
1851Lucas Pieter Roodbaard, architect, dies at 69
1860Albert Richard Smith, author/lecturer, dies
1867Archibald Alison, Scottish historian, dies at 74
1875Johann Wilhelm Mangold, composer, dies at 78
1881Kit Carson, frontiersman, dies
1881Leopold von Ranke, historian, dies
1883Cyprian K Norwid, Polish painter/poet/playwright (Wanda), dies
1887Ludwig Mathias Lindeman, composer, dies at 74
1891Ignace Xavier Joseph Leybach, composer, dies at 73
1895Franz E Neumann, German mineralogist/physicist, dies at 96
1897Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back), dies at 34
1905Martinus W van AA Meerbeke, head-editor (Time), dies at 75
1906Henrik Johan Ibsen, Norwegian playwright (Doll House), dies at 78
1908François Coppée, French poet, dies
1926Hans Koessler, composer, dies at 73
1934Bonnie Parker, outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush
1934Clyde Barrow, outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush
1937John Davison Rockfeller, industrialist, dies at 97 in Ormond Beach Fla
1938Philip Kleintjes, republic leader, dies at 70
1940Andrej N Rimski-Korssakov, Russian musicologist/son of Nikolai, dies
1940Paul Nizan, French journalist/writer (Ce Soir/Aden Arabia), dies at 35
1941Slavko Osterc, composer, dies at 45
1941Lord Herbert Austin, motor manufacturer, dies
1945Heinrich Himmler, Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44
1947C F Ramuz, writer, dies at 68
1952Georg Alfred Schumann, composer, dies at 85
1954H R Bromley-Davenport, cricketer (batted in 4 Tests for England), dies
1960Georges Claude, engineer/inventor, dies
1961Joan Davis, comedic actress (I Married Joan), dies at 53
1965David Smith, sculptor, dies
1966Ruth Gates, Denton TX, actress (Aunt Jenny-Mama), dies at 79
1967Sanne Sannes, photographer, dies at 30
1967Philip Coolidge, actor (I Want to Live, Tingler), dies at 58
1968James Burke, actor (Ellery Queen, Army Surgeon), dies at 81
1968Merle Kendrick, orch leader (Window on the World), dies at 72
1969Diane Aubrey, actress (Haunted Strangler), dies of heart attack at 79
1969Jimmy McHugh, composer (Can't Give You Anything But Love), dies at 74
1969Peter Alma, painter/graphic artist, dies at 83
1970Nydia Westman, actress (Going My Way, Young Mr Bobbins), dies at 68
1973Athena Lorde, actress (Fuzz, Skin Game, Firecreek), dies at 57
1974Kathleen Cannell, writer, dies
1975Jackie "Moms" Mabley, comedienne (Amazing Grace), dies at 81
1979Hubert van Doorne, auto manufacturer (DAF), dies at 79
1981George Jessel, US comic/toastmaster (Diary of Young Comic), dies at 83
1982Louis J N Gérardin, bicyclist (world champ sprint 1930), dies at 69
1983Albert Claude, Belgian biologist (Nobel 1974), dies at 84
1986Sterling Hayden, actor (Blue & Gray), dies at 70
1987Karel Albert, Flemish composer (Marieken van Nymeghen), dies at 86
1988David Schoenbrun, CBS broadcast bureau head (Wash, Paris), dies at 73
1990Rocky Graziano, boxer/writer/actor (Mr Rock & Roll), dies
1991William Sinnot, Scottish pop musician (Shamen), dies at 30
1991Peter T Thwaites, British brig-gen/playwright (Love or money), dies
1991Jean van Houte, Belgian premier, dies
1992Atahualpa Yupanqui, Argentine singer/composer/poet/guitarist, dies
1992Giovanni Falcone, anti-mafia judge (Palermo), murdered
1993James Millhollin, actor (Anston Foster-Grindl), dies at 77
1994Carl Althoff, German circus director, dies at 82
1994Joe Pass, US jazz guitarist (The Trio), dies at 65
1996Dorothy Hyson, actress (Spare a Copper, Sing as We Go), dies at 81
1996Kronid Arkadyevich Lyubarsky, human rights activist, dies at 61
1996Patrick Cargill, actor (Up Pompeii, Magic Christian), dies at 77

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman